• S. H. Steinberg
Part of the The Statesman’s Yearbook book series (SYBK)


In 1863 the area of the Kingdom of Italy was 259,320 sq. km, with a population of 22,340,000. With the exception of the Papal State and the remainder of the Austrian Kingdom of Lombardo-Venotia, Italy had achieved national unity in 1861, in the form of a constitutional monarchy under the House of Savoy. The capital was Turin (204,000 inhabitants) until 1865, when it was moved to Florence (114,000 inhabitants). The 1863 budget comprised an actual revenue equivalent to £23–4m. and an actual expenditure equivalent to £38–5m. The public debt amounted to £152–7m. The economy was prevalently agricultural. Agriculture contributed 57–4% to the formation of the gross domestic product. Illiteracy of males over 6 years was 72%, of females 84%.

Repubblica Italiana


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Copyright information

© Palgrave Macmillan, a division of Macmillan Publishers Limited 1963

Authors and Affiliations

  • S. H. Steinberg
    • 1
  1. 1.The Royal Historical SocietyUK

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