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Republic of Indonesia

  • S. H. Steinberg
Part of the The Statesman’s Yearbook book series (SYBK)

Abstract

In 1863 the whole of Java, the Moluccas and Lesser Sundas, the greater part of Sumatra (except Atjeh) and parts of Borneo, Celebes and New Guinea were under the control of the Netherlands Indies Government. The colony of ‘Nederlands Ooost-Indië’ was ruled by a governor-general and a council composed of high officials with chiefly advisory functions. The Indies Government came under the Dutch Colonial Office, but there was no proper financial control until 1864. The people were ruled by their local rulers, who were subordinate to the Indies Government, giving a form of indirect rule. Revenue was obtained through the ‘culture system’ of compulsory delivery to the government of certain export crops, but by 1863 this system was gradually being modified in favour of private enterprise in keeping with the then liberal trend in Dutch politics. The budget surplus produced in Indonesia was paid direct into the Dutch exchequer.

Republik Indonesia

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Books of Reference

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Copyright information

© Palgrave Macmillan, a division of Macmillan Publishers Limited 1963

Authors and Affiliations

  • S. H. Steinberg
    • 1
  1. 1.The Royal Historical SocietyUK

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