Republic of Indonesia

  • S. H. Steinberg
Part of the The Statesman’s Yearbook book series (SYBK)


In 1863 the whole of Java, the Moluccas and Lesser Sundas, the greater part of Sumatra (except Atjeh) and parts of Borneo, Celebes and New Guinea were under the control of the Netherlands Indies Government. The colony of ‘Nederlands Ooost-Indië’ was ruled by a governor-general and a council composed of high officials with chiefly advisory functions. The Indies Government came under the Dutch Colonial Office, but there was no proper financial control until 1864. The people were ruled by their local rulers, who were subordinate to the Indies Government, giving a form of indirect rule. Revenue was obtained through the ‘culture system’ of compulsory delivery to the government of certain export crops, but by 1863 this system was gradually being modified in favour of private enterprise in keeping with the then liberal trend in Dutch politics. The budget surplus produced in Indonesia was paid direct into the Dutch exchequer.

Republik Indonesia


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Books of Reference

  1. Bemmelen, R. W. van, Geology of Indonesia. 2 vols. The Hague, 1949Google Scholar
  2. Fischer, L., The Story of Indonesia. London, 1959Google Scholar
  3. Helsdingen, W. H. van, and Hoogenberk, H. (ed.), Mission Interrupted; the Dutch in the East Indies … in the 20th century. Amsterdam, 1946Google Scholar
  4. Klein, W. C., Nieuw Guinea. 3 vols. The Hague, 1954Google Scholar
  5. Kroef, J. M. van der, Indonesia in the Modern World. 2 vols. Bandung, 1954–56.—Indonesian Social Evolution. Amsterdam, 1958Google Scholar
  6. Lewis, R., IndonesiaTroubled Paradise. London, 1962Google Scholar
  7. Paauw, D. S., Financing Economic Development: the Indonesian case. Glencoe, Ill., 1960Google Scholar
  8. Palmier, L. H., Social Status and Power in Java. Athlone Press, London, 1960Google Scholar
  9. Paulus, Dr J., Encyclopœdie van Nederlandsch-Indiè. 4 parts, 4 supplements. The Hague, 1917–39Google Scholar
  10. Pino, E., and Wittermans, T., Kamus Inggris [English-Indonesian Dictionary]. Djakarta, 1953Google Scholar
  11. Poerwadarminta, W. J. S., and Teeuw, A., Indonesisch-Nederlands Woordenboek. Jakarta, 1950Google Scholar
  12. Schrieke, B., Indonesian Sociological Studies. The Hague, 1955Google Scholar
  13. Taylor, A. M., Indonesian Independence and the United Nations. Cornell Univ. Press, 1960Google Scholar
  14. Stapel, P. W. (ed.), Geschiedenis van Nederlandsch Indiè. 5 vols. Amsterdam, 1938–40Google Scholar
  15. Verhoeff, H. G., Netherlands New Guinea. The Hague, 1958Google Scholar
  16. Wertheim, W. F., Indonesian Society in Transition. The Hague, 1956Google Scholar
  17. Woodman, D., The Republic of Indonesia. London, 1955Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Palgrave Macmillan, a division of Macmillan Publishers Limited 1963

Authors and Affiliations

  • S. H. Steinberg
    • 1
  1. 1.The Royal Historical SocietyUK

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