In 1863 Ethiopia consisted mainly of the kingdoms on the plateau (i.e., Tigre, Begemder, Gojjam, Wallo and Shoa) over which the Emperor Theodore (1855–68) had re-imposed suzerainty and control. The population was probably between 3m. and 4m., based on a traditional subsistence agriculture. The economy, trade, commerce and communications were rudimentary.
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Books of Reference
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