Chung-Hua Jen-Min Kung-Ho Kuo, i.e., People’s Republic of China
  • S. H. Steinberg
Part of the The Statesman’s Yearbook book series (SYBK)


In 1863 China was ruled nominally by the Manchu emperor Ki Tsiang, a boy of 8, in fact by his uncle, Prince Kong, head of the regency council. The area of the 18 provinces of China proper was estimated at 1.3m. or l-4m. sq. miles; that of the whole empire from 3.8m. to 4.5m. Population estimates varied wildly, from 130m. to 412m. Eleven treaty ports were open for foreign trade; in 1863 the imports passing through them were estimated at £50.4m. (£2.4m. from Britain) and the exports at £31.5m. (£12.8m. to Britain).


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Copyright information

© Palgrave Macmillan, a division of Macmillan Publishers Limited 1963

Authors and Affiliations

  • S. H. Steinberg
    • 1
  1. 1.The Royal Historical SocietyUK

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