Federation of Malaya

  • S. H. Steinberg
Part of the The Statesman’s Yearbook book series (SYBK)


In1863 the Malay peninsula was divided between the Straits Settlements (Singapore, Malacca, Penang), which were administered as a British Colony by the Government of India, and the 9 Malay States. Their borders roughly corresponded with the present-day state boundaries, except that Perlis was part of Kedah, while Muar under its own sultan was independent of Johore. The 3 northern states owed allegiance to Siam, while the remainder were more or less closely bound by treaties with Britain. Political conditions were unstable, especially on the west coast, mainly because of the impact of European-type capitalism on the traditional political structure. The population, excluding that of Singapore, totalled about half a million and already included many Chinese and Indonesian immigrants. These tended to monopolize tinmining, while the Malays and aborigines lived by fishing or agriculture along the coast and on the banks of the rivers which, because of the impenetrability of the jungles, were the only means of communication.

Persekutuan Tanah Melayu


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Books of Reference

  1. Statistical Information. Department of Statistics, Federation of Malaya, Kuala Lumpur was set up in 1946, taking over from the Department of Statistics, Straits Settlements and Federated Malay States, Singapore. Chief Statistician: G. H. Harvie. Main publications: Monthly Statistical Bulletin of the Federation of Malaya; Rubber Statistics Handbook (annual); Trade Statistics (annual and monthly); Rice Supplement to Bulletin (annual); Census of Manufacturing industries 1960; Population Census Report 1957.Google Scholar
  2. Report of the Federation of Malaya Constitutional Commission. (Colonial No. 330.) HMSO, 1957Google Scholar
  3. Federation of Malaya Official Year Book 1961. Government Printer, 1961Google Scholar
  4. Federation of Malaya Year Book 1962. Straits Times Press (Malaya) Ltd, Kuala Lumpar, 1962Google Scholar
  5. The Economic Development of Malaya. Report by the International Bank. Singapore, 1955Google Scholar
  6. Grinsburg, N., and Roberts, C. F., (ed.), Malaya. Univ. of Washington Press, 1958Google Scholar
  7. Kennedy, J., A History of Malaya. London, 1962Google Scholar
  8. Purcell, V., The Chinese in Malaya. Oxford, 1948.Google Scholar
  9. Purcell, V., The Chinese in S. E. Asia. London, 1950.Google Scholar
  10. Purcell, V., The Revolution in Southeast Asia. London, 1962Google Scholar
  11. Smith, T. E., Population Growth in Malaya. OUP, 1952Google Scholar
  12. Wilkinson, R. J., Malay-English Dictionary. 2 vols. New ed. London, 1956Google Scholar
  13. Winstedt, Sir R., Malaya and its History. 3rd ed. London, 1953.Google Scholar
  14. Winstedt, Sir R., An English-Malay Dictionary. 3rd ed. Singapore, 1949.Google Scholar
  15. Winstedt, Sir R., The Malays: a cultural history. London, 1950Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Palgrave Macmillan, a division of Macmillan Publishers Limited 1963

Authors and Affiliations

  • S. H. Steinberg
    • 1
  1. 1.The Royal Historical SocietyUK

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