United Arab Republic
IN 1863 Egypt was nominally a tributary state of the Ottoman Empire, in reality an independent country under the absolutist rule of the viceroy Ismail Pasha (1863–79), grandson of Mehemet Ali. The population was estimated at 5m.; Alexandria had about 400,000 inhabitants, Cairo 5,000. The Government was deeply in debt to French (and from 1864, English) bankers. In 1863 exports to Great Britain amounted to £16–5m.; imports from Great Britain to £4–4m. The Suez Canal was being built (1859–69).
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Books of Reference
- Statistical Information. The Department of Statistics and Census (15. Sharia Mansour. Cairo) was formed in 1905. Chief: Under-Secretary of State for Statistical Affairs, Dr Hasan M. Husein. Previously, various government departments had their own statistical sections. Estimates of population were made in 1800, 1821 and 1846; the first census took place in 1873. Among the publications of the Department are the following: Annuaire Statistique (Arabic and French). Annual Return of Shipping (Arabic and English). Monthly Summary, and Annual Statement of foreign Trade (Arabic and English). Monthly Bulletin of Agriculture and Economic Statistics (Arabic and English). Vital Statistics (Arabic and English). Statistical Pocket Year-Book (Arabic and English).Google Scholar
- The UAR Year Book, 1960 Google Scholar
- The Egyptian Almanac. AnnualGoogle Scholar
- Le Mondain Egyptien (Who’s Who). Cairo. AnnualGoogle Scholar
- Great Britain and Egypt, 1914–51. R. Inst, of Int. Affairs, 1952Google Scholar
- Connell, J., The Most Important Country. London, 1957Google Scholar
- Elias, E. A., Modern Dictionary English-Arabic. 5th ed. Cairo, 1946Google Scholar
- Hume, W. P., Geology of Egypt. Cairo, 1937Google Scholar
- Issawi, C., Egypt at Mid-century : an economic survey. Rev. ed. OUP, 1954Google Scholar
- Lacouture, J. K. S., Egypt in Transition, New York, 1958Google Scholar
- Lengyel, E., Egypt’s Role in World Affairs. Washington, D.C., 1957Google Scholar
- Warrmer, D., Land Reform and Development in the Middle East. R. Inst, of Int. Affairs, 1957Google Scholar