New Zealand

  • S. H. Steinberg
Part of the The Statesman’s Yearbook book series (SYBK)


The first European to discover New Zealand was Tasman in 1642. The coast was explored by Capt. Cook in 1769; in subsequent years it became a resort for whalers and traders, chiefly from Australia. By the Treaty of Waitangi, in 1840, between Governor William Hobson and the representatives of the Maori race, the Maori chiefs ceded the sovereignty to the British Crown and the islands became a British colony.


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Books of Reference

  1. Statistical information. The statistical office tor Naw Zealand is the Department of Statistics (Wellington, C.1). Government Statistician: J. V. T. Baker, M.A., M.Com., F.R.A.N.Z., D.P.A.Google Scholar
  2. The beginning of a statistical service may be seen in the early ‘Blue books’ prepared annually from 1840 onwards under the direction of the Colonial Secretary, and designed primarily for the information of the Colonial Office in England. In 1848 New Zealand was divided into two provinces, the province of New Munster being particularly active in the statistical field. Most ot the later 10 provinces carried out some form of statistical activity, Although there was a general lack of uniformity. A permanent statistical authority was created in 1858. It was originally associated with the Registrar-General of Births, Deaths and Marriages, but with the passage of years the association of the statistical branch with the registration branch became only nominal. By the Census and Statistics Act, 1910, the title of Government Statistician was given to the head of the statistical branch, and in 1916 the ‘Census and Statistics Office’ replaced the former ‘Government Statistician’s Office.’ From 1858 to 1931 the statistical office was under the political control of the Minister of Internal Affaira; in 1931 it came under the Minister of Industries and Commerce and from 1 April 1936 it was accorded full departmental status under the Minister in charge of Census and Statistics. The Statistics Act, 1955, repealed the former legislation under which the Department operated and now provides the legislative authority for all departmental activities aa from 1 Jan. 1958, changing at the same time the title to ‘The Department of Statistics.’Google Scholar
  3. The oldest publications consist of (a) census results from 1858 onwards and (b) annual volumes of statistics (first published 1858 but covering years back to 1853). Main current publications :Google Scholar
  4. New Zealand Official yearbook. Annual, from 1893Google Scholar
  5. Local Authorities Handbook of New Zealand. Annual, from 1926 ; preceded by the biennial Municipal Handbook, 1903–24Google Scholar
  6. Statistical Reports of New Zealand. AnnualGoogle Scholar
  7. Monthly Abstracts of Statistics. From 1914Google Scholar
  8. Pocket Digest of New Zealand Statistics. Annual, 1927–31, 1938–47, 1945 ff.Google Scholar
  9. Parliamentary Reports of Government Departments. AnnualGoogle Scholar
  10. Pacific Islands Yearbook. Sydney, 1956Google Scholar
  11. Dictionary of New Zealand Biography. 2 vols. Wellington, 1940Google Scholar
  12. New Zealand. Board of Trade, Overseas Economic Surveys. H.M.S.O., 1956Google Scholar
  13. Best, Elsdon, The Maori. 2 vols. Wellington, 1924Google Scholar
  14. Ruck, Sir Peter H., The Coming of the Maori. Wellington, 1950Google Scholar
  15. Condiffe, J. B., and Airey, W. T. G., A Short History of New Zealand. 8th ed. Christchurob, 1957Google Scholar
  16. Dollimore, E. S. (ed.), New Zealand Guide. Dunedin, 1952Google Scholar
  17. Duff, Oliver, New Zealand Now. London, 1956Google Scholar
  18. Firth, R., Economics of the New Zealand Maori. Wellington, Government Printer, 1959Google Scholar
  19. Hall, D. O. W., Portrait of New Zealand. Wellington, 1955Google Scholar
  20. Hardwick, J M. D., Opportunity in New Zealand. London, 1956Google Scholar
  21. Harris, W. J., Guide to New Zealand Reference Books. N.Z. Library Association, 1950Google Scholar
  22. McLintock, A. H. (ed.), A Descriptive Atlas of New Zealand. Wellington, Goverment Printer, 1959Google Scholar
  23. Miller, H. G., New Zealand. London, 1950Google Scholar
  24. Milne, R. S., Bureaucracy in New Zealand. London, 1957Google Scholar
  25. Morrell, W. P., and Hall, D. O. W., A History of New Zealand Life. Christchurch and London, 1957Google Scholar
  26. Nash, Walter, New Zealand; A Working Democracy. London, 1944Google Scholar
  27. Neale, B. P., Guide to New Zealand Official Statistics. 3rd ed. Auckland, 1966Google Scholar
  28. Panton, H. S., New Zealand. London, 1951Google Scholar
  29. Polaschek, R. J. (ed.), Local Government in New Zealand. Wellington, 1956.Google Scholar
  30. Goverment Administration in New Zealand. Wellington, 1958Google Scholar
  31. Robson, J. L. (ed.), New Zealand: the Development of its Laws and Constitution. London 1984Google Scholar
  32. Scholefield, G. H., Who’s Who in New Zealand. Wellington, 1951.Google Scholar
  33. Notable New Zealand Statesmen. Wellington, 1947Google Scholar
  34. Sinclair, K., A History of New Zealand. Harmondsworth, 1959Google Scholar
  35. Soljak, P. L., New Zealand, Pacific Pioneer. New York, 1947Google Scholar
  36. Sutherland, I. L. G., and others, The Maori People To-day. Wellington, 1940.Google Scholar
  37. Ngarimuhui. Wellington, 1949Google Scholar
  38. Weststrate, O., Portrait of a Modern Mixed Economy. Wellington, 1959Google Scholar
  39. Wood, F. L. W., This New Zealand. London, 1958.Google Scholar
  40. The New Zealand People at War. Wellington, 1958Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Palgrave Macmillan, a division of Macmillan Publishers Limited 1962

Authors and Affiliations

  • S. H. Steinberg

There are no affiliations available

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