An independent kingdom in the Himálayas, between 26° 20′ and 30° 10′ N. lat. and between 80° 15′ and 88° 15′ E. long.; its greatest length 550 miles; its greatest breadth about 150; bounded on the north by Tibet, on the east by Sikkim and West Bengal, on the south and west by Bihar and Uttar Pradesh. On 5 Oct. 1961 a treaty was signed in Peking, according to which the Chinese-Nepalese boundary line ‘runs generally south-eastwards along the mountain ridge, passing through Cho Oyu mountain, Pumoli mountain, Mount Chorno Lungma (the Chinese name for Everest) and Lhotse Too Makalu mountain’. Nepal gained about 300 sq. miles of territory.
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