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Laos

  • S. H. Steinberg
Part of the The Statesman’s Yearbook book series (SYBK)

Abstract

HISTORY. Sometime previous to the 14th century a group of people of the Thai race, which had been migrating southwards from the Yunnan during two millennia, settled in the valley of the Mekong, overcame the indigenous population, the Khas, and established rival principalities at Luang Prabang, Xieng Khouang and Vientiane. For a brief moment in the 14th century these principalities were united and the Kingdom of Lan Xang (i.e., of the Million Elephants) achieved dominion over the Thais of present-day Thailand, the Khmers of present-day Cambodia and the Annamites of present-day Vietnam. Invaded during subsequent centuries by the Annamites and the Burmese, the kingdom in 1707 split into the Kingdoms of Luang Prabang, Vientiane and Champassac. In 1827 Vientiane was conquered by the Thai. The rest of Laos was saved by the arrival of the French. Auguste Pavie, the French Vice-Consul at Luang Prabang, succeeded between 1879 and 1895 in uniting the rival factions in the country, and in 1893, after French soldiers had repelled the Thai, a French protectorate was established at the request of the Laotians. The kingdom of Viantiane was not revived and Champassac reverted to a principality.

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Book of Reference

  1. Bulletin Statistique du Laos. Vientiane. QuarterlyGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Palgrave Macmillan, a division of Macmillan Publishers Limited 1961

Authors and Affiliations

  • S. H. Steinberg
    • 1
  1. 1.The Royal Historical SocietyUK

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