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Haiti

RÉpublique d’Haiti
  • S. H. Steinberg
Part of the The Statesman’s Yearbook book series (SYBK)

Abstract

HISTORY. Haiti occupies the western third of the large island of Hispaniola which was discovered by Christopher Columbus in 1492. The Spanish colony was ceded to France in the 17th century and became her most prosperous colony with a considerable export of sugar and other produce. After the depopulation of the original Indian inhabitants the Spanish and later the French brought over large numbers of African slaves whose descendants now populate the country. The slaves obtained their liberation following the French Revolution, but subsequently Napoleon sent his brother-in-law, Gen. Leclere, to restore French authority and re-impose slavery. Toussaint Louverture, the leader of the slaves who had been appointed a French general and governor, was kidnapped and sent to France, where he died in gaol. However, the reckless courage of the Negro troops and the ravages of yellow fever forced the French to evacuate the island and surrender to the blockading British squadron.

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Books of Reference

  1. The official gazette is Le Moniteur.Google Scholar
  2. Revue Agricole d’Haïti, From 1946. QuarterlyGoogle Scholar
  3. Mission to Haïti: Report of the United Nations Mission of Technical Assistance to the Republic of Haiti. Columbia Univ., New York, 1949Google Scholar
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  11. Verschueren, J., La république d’Haiti; panorama, échos, vaudoux. 3 vols. Wetteren and Paris, 1948Google Scholar
  12. National Library. Bibliothèque Nationale, Rue du Centre, Port-au-Prince. Librarian: Mme Max Adolphe.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Palgrave Macmillan, a division of Macmillan Publishers Limited 1961

Authors and Affiliations

  • S. H. Steinberg
    • 1
  1. 1.The Royal Historical SocietyUK

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