Union of Soviet Socialist Republics

  • S. H. Steinberg
Part of the The Statesman’s Yearbook book series (SYBK)


CONSTITUTION. History. Up to 12 March 1917 the territory now forming the U.S.S.R. (together with that of Finland, Poland and certain tracts ceded in 1918 to Turkey, but less the former East Prussian, Trans-Carpathian, Bukovinan, Tuvan, South Sakhalin and Kurile Islands territories acquired during and after the Second World War) was constituted as the Russian Empire. It was governed as an autocracy under the Tsar, with the aid of Ministers responsible to himself and a State Duma with limited legislative powers, elected by provincial assemblies chosen by indirect elections on a restricted franchise.

Soyuz Sovyetskikh Sotsialisticheskikh Respublik


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Books of Reference

Official Publications

  1. Narodnoye Hozyaistvo SSSR (National Economy of the U.S.S.R.). Statistical Summary. 1958Google Scholar
  2. SSSR v Tsifrakh. Central Statistical Department, 1958Google Scholar
  3. Pravda (Truth). Daily organ of the Central Committee of the Commiunst PartyGoogle Scholar
  4. Iztvestia (News). Daily organ of the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet of the U.S.S.R.Google Scholar
  5. Viedomosti Verkhovnovo Sovieta. (Bulletin of the Supreme Soviet of the U.S.S.R., in the languages of the 16 republicsGoogle Scholar
  6. Sovietskaia Torgovlia. Thrice-weekly publication of the Ministry of Trade of the U.S.S.R.Google Scholar
  7. Planovoye Khoziaistvo. Bi-monthly. MoscowGoogle Scholar
  8. Voprosy Torgovli. A monthly journal published by the Ministry of Trade of the U.S.S.R.Google Scholar
  9. Vneshnaya Torgovlya. Published by the Ministry for Foreign Trade. Monthly. MoscowGoogle Scholar
  10. Trud. The daily organ of the All-Union Central Council of Trade UnionsGoogle Scholar
  11. Professionalnye Soyuzy. A trade union monthly. MoscowGoogle Scholar
  12. Kommunist. A fortnightly organ of the Communist Party of the Soviet UnionGoogle Scholar
  13. Finansy i Khoziaistvo. A weekly publication of the Ministry for Finance of the U.S.S.R.Google Scholar
  14. Sotsialistitcheskoye Zemledelye. A daily publication of the Ministry of AgricultureGoogle Scholar
  15. Soviet Foreign Policy during the Patriotic War; Documents and Materials. 2 vols (translated by A. Rothstein). London, 1946–47Google Scholar
  16. History of the U.S.S.R. Published by the Soviet Academy of Sciences. 3 vols. Moscow, 1948–57. (In Russian.) German edition, Geschichte der Völker der Sowjetunion. Basle, 1945Google Scholar
  17. Bolshaya Sovietskaya Entsiklopedia. 65 vols. Moscow 1926–47; 2nd ed., 51 vols. Moscow, 1949–58; annual supplement (Yezhegodnik) Google Scholar
  18. Soviet Union. A monthly pictorial. Moscow. (In English)Google Scholar
  19. Soviet Import-Export Dictionary (in Russian, with English, etc., terms). Moscow, 1952Google Scholar

Other Publications

  1. Soviet Studies; a Quarterly Review. Ed. J. Miller and R. J. A. Schlesinger. Oxford, 1949 ff.Google Scholar
  2. The Current Digest of the Soviet Press. Published by Joint Committee on Slavic Studies. Weekly. Washington, D.C.Google Scholar
  3. The American Review on the Soviet Union; a Yearbook. New York, 1950Google Scholar
  4. History of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union (in Russian). Latest ed. Moscow, 1959Google Scholar
  5. Armstrong, T., The Northern Sea Route. Cambridge Univ. Press, 1951Google Scholar
  6. Beloff, M., The Foreign Policy of Soviet Russia, 1929–41. 2 vols. 1947–49.—Soviet Policy in the Far East. Oxford, 1953.—Soviet Policy in Asia, 1944–52. Oxford, 1953Google Scholar
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  8. Coates, W. P., and Coates, Zelda K., From Tsardom to the Stalin Constitution. New ed. London, 1942.—A History of Anglo-Soviet Relations. 2 vols. London, 1944–58.—Six Centuries of Russo-Polish Relations. London, 1948Google Scholar
  9. Crankshaw, E., Russia and Britain. London, 1944.—Russia and the Russians. London, 1947Google Scholar
  10. Deane, Maj.-Gen., This Strange Alliance. 1947Google Scholar
  11. Degras, J. (compiler), Soviet Documents on Foreign Policy, 1917–41. 3 vols. London, 1948–52Google Scholar
  12. Deutscher, I., Trotsky. 3 vols. Oxford Univ. Press, 1954 ff.Google Scholar
  13. Fituni, L., The Soviet Union and International Co-operation. London, 1952Google Scholar
  14. Harcave, S., Russia: A History. London, 1952Google Scholar
  15. Inkeles, A., Public Opinion in the U.S.S.R. Harvard Univ. Press, 1950CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. Jorré, G., The Soviet Union. London, 1950Google Scholar
  17. Karpinsky, V., The Social and State Structure of the U.S.S.R. Moscow, 1950Google Scholar
  18. Kelly, Sir David, The Ruling Few. London, 1952Google Scholar
  19. Kelly, Lady M. N., Mirror to Russia. London, 1952Google Scholar
  20. Kerner, R. J., The Urge to the Sea: the course of Russian history, the rôle of rivers, portages ostrogs, monasteries and furs. Berkeley (California), 1942Google Scholar
  21. Kyawmin, V., Through the Iron Curtain via the Back Door. London, 1953Google Scholar
  22. Maynard, J., Russian in Flux. London, 1941.—The Russian Peasant: and Other Studies. London, 1942.—Russia in Flux (abridged ed. of the 2 foregoing books). New York, 1948Google Scholar
  23. Moore, Harriet L., Soviet Far Eastern Policy, 1931–45. Princeton and Oxford, 1946Google Scholar
  24. Pares, Sir B., A History of Russia. London, 1926.—My Russian Memoirs. London, 1931.—Russia and the Peace. New York, 1944Google Scholar
  25. Preobrazhensky, A. G., Etymological Dictionary of the Russian Language. Columbia Univ. Press, 1951Google Scholar
  26. Rothstein, A., A History of the U.S.S.R. 2nd ed. London, 1951Google Scholar
  27. Schlesinger, R., The Spirit of Post-war Russia. Soviet Ideology, 1917–46. London, 1947.—Changing Attitude in Soviet Russia: The Family. London, 1949Google Scholar
  28. Stalin, J. V., Economic Problems of Socialism in the U.S.S.R. Moscow, 1952. (In English.)—Collected Works. 13 vols. London, 1952–55Google Scholar
  29. Sumner, B. H., A Survey of Russian History. 2nd ed. London, 1948Google Scholar
  30. Tiunov, V., and Nazarovsky, B., Zapadny Ural. Moscow, 1945Google Scholar
  31. Vernadsky, G., A History of Russia. 4th ed. Yale Univ. Press, 1954Google Scholar
  32. Vyshinsky, A. Y., The Teachings of Lenin and Stalin on Proletarian Revolution. London, 1948Google Scholar

Books of Reference concerning Siberia

  1. Dallin, D. J., The Rise of Russia in Asia. New York, 1949.—Soviet Russia and the Far East. London, 1949Google Scholar
  2. Donner, K., La Sibérie. Paris, 1946Google Scholar
  3. Kolarz, W., The Peoples of the Soviet Far East. London, 1954Google Scholar
  4. Leprince-Ringuet, F., L’Avenir de l’Asie russe. Paris, 1951Google Scholar
  5. Mikhailov, N. I., Sibir. Moscow, 1955Google Scholar
  6. Thiel, E., The Soviet Far East. London, 1957Google Scholar
  7. Wallace, H., Soviet Asia Mission. London, 1947Google Scholar
  8. Allen, W. E. D., The Ukraine: A History. London, 1940Google Scholar
  9. Brégy, Pierre, and Obolensky, Prince S., The Ukraine: A Russian Land. London 1940Google Scholar
  10. Chamberlin, W. H., The Ukraine. New York, 1945Google Scholar
  11. Doroshenko, D., History of the Ukraine. 2nd ed. Edmonton (Alberta), 1941Google Scholar
  12. Hrushevsky, M., A History of the Ukraine. New Haven, 1941Google Scholar
  13. Manning, O. A., Twentieth-century Ukraine. New York, 1951Google Scholar
  14. Mirchuk, I. (ed.), Ukraine and its People. London, 1949Google Scholar
  15. Istoria Ukrainskoi S.S.R. Publ. by Ukr. Academy of Sciences. Kiev 1953 ffGoogle Scholar
  16. Kovalevski, G. T., and Rakov, Y. G. (ed.), Byelorusskaya S.S.R., an outline of her economic geography. Minsk, 1955Google Scholar
  17. Vakar, N. P., Belorussia. Harvard Univ. Press, 1956.—A Bibliographical Guide to Belorussia. Harvard Univ. Press, 1956CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. Baddeley, J. F., The Rugged Flanks of Caucasus. 2 vols. Oxford, 1941Google Scholar
  19. Tutaeff, D., The Soviet Caucasus. London, 1942Google Scholar
  20. Ziatkhan, Adil Khan, Aperçu sur l’histoire, la littérature et la politique de l’Azerbaijan. Baku, 1919Google Scholar
  21. Allen, W. E. D., A History of the Georgian People. London, 1932Google Scholar
  22. Avalishvili, Zourab, The Independence of Georgia in International Politics, 1918–21. London 1940Google Scholar
  23. Gvesiani, G. G., and Klopotoraky, B. A., Gruzinskaya S.S.R. Moscow, 1955Google Scholar
  24. Luke, Sir Harry, More Moves on an Eastern Chequerboard. London, 1935Google Scholar
  25. Tutaeff, D., The Soviet Caucasus. London, 1942Google Scholar
  26. Wartanoff, Boris Der Kaukasus, Land des Reichtums und der Sagen. Berne 1943Google Scholar
  27. Kouyoumdjian, M. G., A Comprehensive Dictionary Armenian-English. Cairo, 1951Google Scholar
  28. Missakian, J., A Searchlight on the Armenian Question, 1878–1950. Boston, Mass., 1960Google Scholar
  29. Nansen, Fridtjof, Armenia and the Hear East. London, 1928Google Scholar
  30. Shaginyan, M., A Journey Through Soviet Armenia. Moscow (English ed. 1954)Google Scholar
  31. Druzhinin, V., Soviet Estonia. Moscow, 1953 (in English)Google Scholar
  32. Estonia. Basic facts on geography, history and economy. Stockholm, 1948Google Scholar
  33. Jackson, J. H., Estonia. London, 1948Google Scholar
  34. Kareda, E., Estonia in the Soviet Grip. London, 1949Google Scholar
  35. Kruus, Prof. H., Grundriss der Geschichte des Estnischen Volkes. Tartu, 1932 (French ed., Paris, 1937)Google Scholar
  36. Pranspill, A., Estonian Anthology. Milford, Conn., 1957Google Scholar
  37. Sharkov, V. A., Sovietskaia Estonia, an economic geography. Moscow, 1953. (In Russian)Google Scholar
  38. Silvet, J., Inglise-eesti sōnaraamat. Vadstena, 1949Google Scholar
  39. Woods, E. G., The Baltic Region: A Study in Physical and Human Geography. London, 1945Google Scholar
  40. Balodis, F., and Arends, P., Lettland, Landschaft, Volksleben, Baukunst und Museen. Riga, 1938Google Scholar
  41. Bilmanis, A., A History of Latvia. Princeton Univ. Press, 1951Google Scholar
  42. Brants, K., and Matthews, W. K., A Latvian-English Dictionary. Riga, 1930Google Scholar
  43. Skujenicks, M., Atlas Statistique de la Lettonie. Riga, 1938Google Scholar
  44. Spekke, A., History of Latvia. Stockholm, 1951Google Scholar
  45. Urch, R. O. G., Latvia: Country and People. London, 1938Google Scholar
  46. Chase, T. G., The Story of Lithuania. New York, 1946Google Scholar
  47. Jurgéla, C. R., History of the Lithuanian Nation, New York, 1948Google Scholar
  48. Pewtress, H. H., and Gerikas, T., Marlborough’s English—Lithuanian and Lithuanian—English Dictionary. London, 1939Google Scholar
  49. Caroe, O., Soviet Empire. The Turks of Central Asia and Stalinism. London, 1953Google Scholar
  50. Carruthers, D., Beyond the Caspian. London, 1949Google Scholar
  51. Coates, W. P., and Z. K., Soviets in Centrai Asia. London, 1951Google Scholar
  52. Davies, R. A., and Steiger, A. J., Soviet Asia. London, 1943Google Scholar
  53. Hayit, B., Turkestan im 20, Jahrhundert. Darmstadt, 1956Google Scholar
  54. Abdykalykov, M., and Pankratova, A. (ed.), Istoriya Kazakhskoi S.S.R. Alma-Ata, 1944Google Scholar
  55. Grauman, J., and others, The Kazakhs under Changing Russian Regimes. Washington, 1951Google Scholar
  56. Lias, G., Kazak Exodus. London, 1956Google Scholar
  57. Palgov, N. N., Kazakhstan. Moscow, 1953Google Scholar
  58. Material for the History of the Turkmens and Turkmenia. Publ. by the Academy of Sciences. 2 vols. Moscow, 1938–40. (In Russian)Google Scholar
  59. Freikin, Z. G., Turkmenskaya S.S.R. Moscow, 1954Google Scholar
  60. Outlines of the History of the Culture of Soviet Uzbekistan. Moscow 1955. In RussianGoogle Scholar
  61. Chumichev, D. A., Tadzhikskaya S.S.R. Moscow, 1954Google Scholar
  62. Luknitsky, P., Soviet Tajikistan [in English]. Moscow, 1954Google Scholar
  63. Ryazantsev, S. N., Kirghizia. Moscow 1951Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Palgrave Macmillan, a division of Macmillan Publishers Limited 1960

Authors and Affiliations

  • S. H. Steinberg
    • 1
  1. 1.The Royal Historical SocietyUK

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