CONSTITUTION AND GOVERNMENT. In 1839 the Central American Federation, which had comprised the states of Guatemala, El Salvador, Honduras, Nicaragua and Costa Rica, was dissolved, and El Salvador became an independent republic. Flans for a gradual federation with Guatemala were discussed between the presidents of both countries in March 1946. A new constitution came into force in 1950, superseding the 1886 constitution, with a strong bias towards social welfare. Legislative power is vested in a single chamber, the Legislative Assembly, consisting of deputies, elected for 2 years by universal suffrage, 1 for each group of 38,000 inhabitants. Large power» are vested in the President, whose term is for 6 years ; normally he cannot succeed himself. He has a cabinet of 10 members. In 1946 women were conceded a limited suffrage, but in 1950 universal male and female suffrage was introduced for the elections of the President and the Constituent Assembly.
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Books of Reference
- Statistical Information. The Dirección General de Estadística y Censos (Calle Arce 1006, San Salvador) dates from 1937. Director General: Col. Jos6 Joaquin Chacón. Its publications include Anuario Estadístico. Annual, from 1911.—Boletín Estadístico. Quarterly.—Hechos y Cifras de El Salvador. Annual.—Atlas Censal de El Salvador. 1955.Google Scholar
- Angel Gallardo, M., Cuatro Constituciones Federales de Centro América y Las Constitutiones Políticos de El Salvador. San Salvador, 1945Google Scholar
- Mestas, A., El Salvador, pals de lagos y volcanes. Madrid, 1950Google Scholar
- Vogt, W., The Population of El Salvador and its Natural Resources. Washington, D.C., 1946Google Scholar
- Wallich, H. C. (ed.). Public Finance in a Developing Country : El Salvador. Harvard Univ. Press, 1951Google Scholar