After the death of George Kastriota—popularly known as Skandcrbeg— in 1467, under whom the Albanians had heroically resisted the Turks for a quarter of a century, Albania passed under Turkish suzerainty and thus remained—nominally or actually according to the locality and period— until 1912. The independence of Albania was proclaimed at Vlonë (Valona) on 28 Nov. 1912, and on 17 Deo. 1912 the London conference of ambassadors agreed to the principle of Albanian autonomy. Subsequently that conference decided upon the frontiers of the new country, and agreed that a European prince be nominated to rule it. Prince William of Wied, having accepted the crown of the principality from an Albanian deputation at Neuwied on 21 Feb. 1914, arrived at Durrës (Durazzo) on 7 March 1914. After the outbreak of the war in 1914, the Prince on 3 Sept. left Albania, which fell into a state of anarchy. By the secret Pact of London of 26 April 1915 provision was made for the partition of Albania; but this arrangement was repudiated by Italy on 3 June 1917, when the Italian C.-in-C. in Albania proclaimed at Gjinokastër (Argyrocastro) the independence of Albania. In Jan. 1925 the country was proclaimed a republic and on 1 Sept. 1928 a monarchy. Ahmed Beg Zogu, President of the Republic since 31 Jan. 1925, reigned as King Zog till April 1939, when, on the occupation of the country by the Italians, he fled to England.
Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.
Books of Reference
- Albania. Vol. 1. Venice (Institnto di Studi Adriatici), 1939Google Scholar
- Bematzik, H. A., Albanien, das Land der Schkipetaren. Vienna, 1940Google Scholar
- Cerveny, V., Albanie. Prague, 1939Google Scholar
- Giannini, Amedeo, L’Albania dall’indipendenza all’unione con L’Italia 1913–30. Home, 1910Google Scholar
- Hasluck, M., The Unwritten Law of the Albanian Mountains. Cambridge Univ. Press, 1954Google Scholar
- Mann, S. E., An Historical Albanian-English Dictionary. London, 1948.—An English-Albanian Dictionary. Cambridge Univ. Press, 1957.Google Scholar
- Matthews, Ronald, Sons of the Eagle: Wanderings in Albania. London, 1937Google Scholar
- Petrotta, Rev. G., Popolo, Lingua e Letteratura Albanese. Palermo, 1932Google Scholar