Nippon (or Nihon)
  • S. H. Steinberg
Part of the The Statesman’s Yearbook book series (SYBK)


HISTORY. According to Japanese historical myths the empire was founded by Jimmu Tennö, 660 b.c., and the dynasty founded by him still reigns. From 1186 until 1867 the emperors had little but ceremonial func­tions, while successive families of Shoguns exercised the temporal power. In 1867 the Emperor Meiji recovered nominally the imperial power after the abdication on 14 Oct. 1867 of the fifteenth and last Tokugawa Shogun Keiki (in different pronunciation : Yoshinobu). In 1871 the feudal system (Höken Seido) was abolished; this was the beginning of the rapid westernization undertaken by the new government, then mainly controlled by the western clans of Satsuma and Chöshu. The Emperor bears the title of Nihon-koku Tennö (’Emperor of Japan’). Only foreigners make use of the poetical title ’Mikado’.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Books of Reference

  1. Statistics Bureau of the Prime Minister’s, Office: Statistical Tear-Book (from 1949).— Statistical Abstract from 1950).—Statistical Handbook (1964).—Monthly Bulletin (from April 1950)Google Scholar
  2. Economic Planning Agency: Economic Survey (annual), Economic Statistics (monthly), Economic Indicators (monthly)Google Scholar
  3. Ministry of International Trade: Foreign Trade of Japan (annual)Google Scholar
  4. Ministry of Foreign Affairs: Japan of Today, 1962Google Scholar
  5. Japan Times Year Book. (I. Year Book of Japan. II. Who’s Who in Japan. III. Business Directory of Japan.) Tokyo, first issue 1933Google Scholar
  6. Treaty of Peace with Japan. (Cmd. 8392.) HMSO, 1951; (Cmd. 8601.) HMSO, 1952Google Scholar
  7. Ackerman, E. A., Japan’s Natural Resources. Univ. of Chicago Press, 1953Google Scholar
  8. Allen, G. O., Short Economic History of Modern Japan. London, 1946.Google Scholar
  9. Allen, G. O., Japan’s Economic Recovery. R. Inst, of Int. Affairs, 1957.Google Scholar
  10. Allen, G. O., Japan’s Economic Expansion. OUP, 1965Google Scholar
  11. Asahi Newsprinting Co. This is Japan. Tokyo, annual from 1954Google Scholar
  12. Bisson, T. A., Zaibatsu Dissolution in Japan. OUP, 1954Google Scholar
  13. Brown, D. M., Nationalism in Japan. Univ. of California Press, 1955Google Scholar
  14. Colegrove, K., The Constitutional Development of Japan. Evanston, III., 1951Google Scholar
  15. Dening, Sir E., Japan. London, 1960Google Scholar
  16. Dore, It. P., Land Reform in Japan. R,. Inst, of Int. Affairs, 1959Google Scholar
  17. Gerr, Stanley, A Gazetteer of Japanese Place-Names. Cambridge, Mass., 1942Google Scholar
  18. Japan Travel Bureau, Japan, the Official Guide. Tokyo, 1961Google Scholar
  19. Jones, P. O., Japan’s New Order in East Asia, 1937–45. OUP, 1954Google Scholar
  20. Kenkyusha’s New Japanese-English [and English-Japanese] Dictionary. 2 vols. New ed. Cambridge, Mass., and Berkeley, Cal., 1960Google Scholar
  21. Kennedy, M. D., A History of Japan. London, 1963Google Scholar
  22. McNelly, T., Contemporary Government of Japan. London, 1964Google Scholar
  23. Miyazaki, S., The Japanese Dictionary explained in English. Tokyo, 1950Google Scholar
  24. New Japan. Mainichi Newspapers, Tokyo, annual, from 1948Google Scholar
  25. Nihon Keizai Shimbun, Industrial Review of Japan. Tokyo, annual, from 1956Google Scholar
  26. Nippon: a charted survey of Japan. Tsuneta Yano Memorial Society. 10th ed. Tokyo, 1966Google Scholar
  27. Quigley, H. S., and Turner, J. E., The New Japan. Univ. or Minnesota Press, 1956Google Scholar
  28. Sansom, G. B., The Western World and Japan. New York, 1950.Google Scholar
  29. Sansom, G. B., A History of Japan. 3 vols. London, 1958–64Google Scholar
  30. Simpson, C., Picture of Japan. Melbourne, 1958Google Scholar
  31. Storry, G. R., The Double Patriots. London, 1957.Google Scholar
  32. Storry, G. R., A History of Modern Japan. Harmonds-worth, 1960Google Scholar
  33. Takekazu Ogura (ed.), Agricultural Development in Modern Japan. Tokyo, 1963Google Scholar
  34. Trewartha, G. T., Japan: A Physical, Cultural and Regional Geography. Madison, Wisconsin, and London, 1945Google Scholar
  35. Yabuki, K. (ed.), Japan Bibliographic Annual. 2 vols. Tokyo, annualGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Palgrave Macmillan, a division of Macmillan Publishers Limited 1955

Authors and Affiliations

  • S. H. Steinberg
    • 1
  1. 1.The Rofal Historical SocietyUK

Personalised recommendations