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Japan

Nippon (or Nihon)
  • S. H. Steinberg
Part of the The Statesman’s Yearbook book series (SYBK)

Abstract

HISTORY. According to Japanese historical myths the empire was founded by Jimmu Tennö, 660 b.c., and the dynasty founded by him still reigns. From 1186 until 1867 the emperors had little but ceremonial func­tions, while successive families of Shoguns exercised the temporal power. In 1867 the Emperor Meiji recovered nominally the imperial power after the abdication on 14 Oct. 1867 of the fifteenth and last Tokugawa Shogun Keiki (in different pronunciation : Yoshinobu). In 1871 the feudal system (Höken Seido) was abolished; this was the beginning of the rapid westernization undertaken by the new government, then mainly controlled by the western clans of Satsuma and Chöshu. The Emperor bears the title of Nihon-koku Tennö (’Emperor of Japan’). Only foreigners make use of the poetical title ’Mikado’.

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Copyright information

© Palgrave Macmillan, a division of Macmillan Publishers Limited 1955

Authors and Affiliations

  • S. H. Steinberg
    • 1
  1. 1.The Rofal Historical SocietyUK

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