Constitution and Government.—In 1839 the Central American Federation, which had comprised the states of Guatemala, El Salvador, Honduras, Nicaragua and Costa Rica, was dissolved, and El Salvador became an independent republic. Plans for a gradual federation with Guatemala were discussed between the presidents of both countries in March, 1945. A new constitution came into force in 1950, superseding the 1886 constitution, with a strong bias towards social welfare. Legislative power is vested in a single chamber, the Legislative Assembly, consisting of deputies, elected for 2 years by universal suffrage, one for each group of 39,000 inhabitants. Large powers are vested in the President, whose term is for 6 years; normally he cannot succeed himself. He has a cabinet of 10 members. Women in 1945 were conceded a limited suffrage, but in 1950 universal male and female suffrage was introduced for the elections of the President and the Constituent Assembly.
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Books of Reference
- Anuario Estadistico. Firet year, 1911. San Salvador. Annual.Google Scholar
- Boletin de la Auditoria General de la Republica. San Salvador. Annual.Google Scholar
- Oorporation of Foreign Bondholders. Annual Report of Council. London.Google Scholar
- Angel Gallardo (M.), Cuatro Constituciones Federales de Centro America y Las Constituciones Políticas de El Salvador. San Salvador, 1945.Google Scholar
- Vogt (W.), The Population of El Salvador and its Natural Resources. Washington, D.C., 1946.Google Scholar
- Wallich (H. C.) and others, Public Finance in a Developing Country: El Salvador. Harvard University Press, 1951.Google Scholar