Mongolian People’s Republic
The vast and indefinite tract of country called Mongolia stretches from the Khinghan mountains on the east to the Tarbagatai mountains on the west, being intersected towards its western end by the Altai mountains and the Irtish river. On the north it is bounded by Siberia and on the south and east by China. A wide tract in the heart of this region is occupied by the Desert of Gobi, which extends south-westwards into Chinese Turkestan. The inhabitants are nomadic Mongols and Kalmucks who range the desert with camels, horses and sheep. Even in fertile districts they are little given to agriculture. Area, about 1,531,000 sq. km.; population, about 900,000.