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Italy

Repubblica Italiana
  • S. H. Steinberg
Part of the The Statesman’s Yearbook book series (SYBK)

Abstract

On 10 June, 1946, Italy became a republic on the announcement by the Court of Cassation, sitting in the Hall of the She Wolf at Montecitorio (seat of the Italian Parliament), that a majority of the voters at the referendum held on 2 June had voted for a republic. King Umberto II, who had agreed to abide by the results of the referendum, protested strongly against such an announcement being formally made when returns were admittedly incomplete, but he left the country for Portugal on 13 June in accordance with his pledge. The final figures, announced by the Court of Cassation on 18 June, showed:—For a republic, 12,718,641 (54 3% of the valid votes cast, which numbered 23,437,143); for the retention of the monarchy, 10,718,502 (45 7%); invalid and contested, 1,509,735. Total 24,946,878, or 89 1% of the registered electors, who numbered 28,005,449. Voting was compulsory, open to both men and women 21 years of age or older, and included specifically the members of the Civil Service and the armed forces; active Fascists and a few other categories were excluded from registration.

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Books of Reference

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Books of Reference

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  15. Education.—In Tripolitania there are, for Arabs, 125 primary schools and 2 secondary schools, with a total of 19,558 pupils. There are also Koranic and Jewish schools. For Italians, there are 82 primary and S secondary schools, with a total of 10,005 pupils. There are 2 teachers’ training colleges for Arabs.Google Scholar
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  17. Production and Industry.—Libya has 3 zones from the coast inland—the Mediterranean, the sub-desert and the desert. The first, which covers an area of about 17,231 square miles, is the only one properly suited for agriculture, and may be further subdivided into (1) the oases along the coast, the richest in North Africa, in which thrive the date-palm, the olive, the orange and all Mediterranean plants; (2) the steppe district, suitable for cereals ( barley and wheat) and pasture. This district is the one where Italian colonization has chiefly spread; it has olive, almond, vine, orange and mulberry trees and ricinus plants; (3) the dunes, which are being gradually afforested with acacia, robinia, poplar and pine; (4) the Jebel (the mountain district, Tarhuna, Garian, Nalut-Yefren), in which thrive the olive, the fig, the vine and other fruit trees, and which on the east slopes down to the sea with the fertile hills of Msellata. Output of olive oil, 1947, 936 metric tons. The sub-desert zone produces the alfa plant. The desert zone and the Fezzan contain some fertile oases, such as those of Ghadames, Ghat, Socna, Sebha, Brak. It is estimated that in Tripolitania and Fezzan there are about 2’5 million date palms and about 500,000 in Cyrenaica. In 1949, there were in Tripolitania:—194,000 sheep, 221,000 goats, 35,300 cattle, 52,000 camels, 29,800 donkeys, mules and horses and 1,370 pigs. Cyrenaica had in 1949:—363,600 sheep, 436,000 goats, 31,400 cattle, 22,500 camels, 18,000 horses, mules and donkeys and 100 pigs.Google Scholar
  18. Industry.—Amongst the more important industries of Tripolitania and Cyrenaica are sponge fishing, tunny fishing, tobacco growing and processing, dyeing and weaving of local wool and imported cotton yarn, and olive oil.Google Scholar

Books of Reference

  1. Campbell (Dugatd), Camels through, Libya: A, Desert Adventure from the Fringes of the Sahara to the Oases of Upper Egypt. London, 1935.Google Scholar
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Books of Reference

  1. Longrigg (S. H.), A Short History of Eritrea, Loudon, 1915.Google Scholar
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Books of Reference

  1. Bullotla (A.). La Somalia Sotto due bandiere. Milan, 1919.Google Scholar
  2. Cesari (Oesare), La Somalia Italiana. Koine, 1935.Google Scholar
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Copyright information

© Palgrave Macmillan, a division of Macmillan Publishers Limited 1951

Authors and Affiliations

  • S. H. Steinberg

There are no affiliations available

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