• S. H. Steinberg
Part of the The Statesman’s Yearbook book series (SYBK)


Tibet, extending from Kashmir in the west to China on the east, forms a narrow enclave, between the Himalayas and the Kunlun mountains to the north. Its area is about 470,000 square miles; its population is estimated to be about 3 million. The capital is Lhasa. In the past it was not an exclusive and isolated region as it is to-day; a regular route from China to Nepal passed through it. Tibet became a powerful kingdom in the 7th century A.D., and in the following century exacted tribute from China. King Song-tsen Gam-po introduced Buddhism from India; an alphabet based on Sanskrit was elaborated, thus making it possible to translate Indian Buddhist sacred books into Tibetan. Some ten centuries later the Manchu Empire, taking advantage of dissensions between Mongols and Tibetans regarding the succession to the 6th Dalai Lama, sent an army to Lhasa which established, along with the 7th Dalai Lama, effective Chinese rule at Lhasa. From that time until the Chinese revolution in 1912 the Manchu dynasty maintained officers at Lhasa, though their authority decreased to a merely nominal suzerainty.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Books of Reference

  1. Papers on Tibet. Cmd. 1920. London, 1904.—Further Papers on Tibet. Cmd. 2054. London, 1904.—Further Papers on Tibet. No. III, Omd. 2370. London, 1905.Google Scholar
  2. Ackerman (P.), Tibet: Land and Peoples. New York, 1950.Google Scholar
  3. Amundsen (E.), In the Land of the Lamas. London, 1910.Google Scholar
  4. Bailey (F. M.), China—Tibet—Assam: A Journey, 1911. London, 1945.Google Scholar
  5. Bell (Sir C.), Tibet Past and Present. London, 1927.—The People of Tibet. London, 1928.—The Religion of Tibet. London, 1931.—Portrait of the Dalai Lama. London, 1946.Google Scholar
  6. Bosshard (W.), Durch Tibet und Turkistan. Stuttgart, 1930.Google Scholar
  7. Chapman (F. Spencer), Lhasa, the Holy City. London, 1938.Google Scholar
  8. Combe (G.), A Tibetan on Tibet. London, 1925.Google Scholar
  9. Conolly (Louise), Tibet. Newark, N.J., 1921.Google Scholar
  10. Dainelli (G.), Il mio Viaggio nel Tibet Occidentale. Milan, 1932.—Buddhists and Glaciers of Western Tibet. London, 1933.Google Scholar
  11. David-Neel (A.), My Journey to Lhasa. London, 1927.—With Mystics and Magicians in Tibet. London, 1931.—Tibetan Journey. London, 1936.Google Scholar
  12. Ekrall (R. B.), Cultural Relations on the Kansu-Tibetan Border. Cambridge, 1939.Google Scholar
  13. Enders (G. B.), Nowhere Else in the World. London, 1936.Google Scholar
  14. Farrer (Reginald), On the Eaves of the World. 2 vols. London, 1917.Google Scholar
  15. Filchner (W.), Om Mani Padme Hum: Meine China-und Tibetexpedition 1925–28.Google Scholar
  16. Leipzig, 1929.—Kartenwerk der erdmagnetischen Forschungs—expedition nach Zentral-Asien 1926–28. Zweiter Teil: Tibet II. Gotha, 1937.—A Scientist in Tartary. London, 1939.Google Scholar
  17. Forman (Harrison), Through Forbidden Tibet. London, 1936.Google Scholar
  18. Guibaut (A.), Tibetan Venture. London, 1947.Google Scholar
  19. Gould (Sir B.) and Richardson (H. E.), Tibetan Word Book. Calcutta, 1943.Google Scholar
  20. Gregory (J. W. and C. J.), To the Alps of Chinese Tibet. London, 1923Google Scholar
  21. Hanbury-Tracy (John), Black River of Tibet. London, 1938.Google Scholar
  22. Heber (A. R. and K. M.), In Himalayan Tibet. London, 1926.Google Scholar
  23. Hedin (Sven), Through Asia. 2 vols. London, 1898.—Central Asia and Tibet. 2 vols. London, 1903.—Adventures in Tibet. London. 1904.—Trans-Himalaya. 3 vols. London, 1913,—Riddles of the Gold Desert. London, 1933.—A Conquest of Tibet. London, 1935.Google Scholar
  24. Heim (Arnold), Minya Gongkar. Forschungsreise ins Hochgebirge von Chinesisch-Tibet. Bern, 1933.Google Scholar
  25. Kaulback (R.), Tibetan Trek. London, 1934.—Salween. London, 1938.Google Scholar
  26. King (Mrs. Louis), We Tibetans. London, 1926.Google Scholar
  27. Landon (P.), Lhasa: The Tibet Expedition, 1903–04. 2nd ed. London, 1906.Google Scholar
  28. Lattimore (Owen), Higher Tartary. Boston, 1930.Google Scholar
  29. Macdonald (David), The Land of the Lama. London, 1929.—Twenty Years in Tibet. London, 1932.—Tibet. Oxford, 1946.Google Scholar
  30. Pallis (M.), Peaks and Lamas. London, 1940.Google Scholar
  31. Pranavananda (Swami), Exploration in Tibet. Calcutta, 1939.Google Scholar
  32. Schaefer (E.), Unbekanntes Tibet. Berlin, 1937.Google Scholar
  33. Tafel (A.), Meine Tibetreise. 2 vols. Berlin, 1914.Google Scholar
  34. Teichman (Sir E.), Travels of a Consular Officer in Eastern Tibet. Cambridge, 1922.Google Scholar
  35. Tichy (H.), Tibetan Adventure: Travels through Afghanistan, India and Tibet. London, 1938.Google Scholar
  36. Tucci (H. E. G.) and Ghersi (E.), Secrets of Tibet. London, 1935.Google Scholar
  37. Wadell (L. A.), Lhasa and its Mysteries. London, 1906.—Lamaism or the Buddhism of Tibet. Cambridge, 1934.Google Scholar
  38. Ward (F. Kingdom), The Mystery Rivers of Tibet, London, 1923.—Assam Adventure. London, 1941.Google Scholar
  39. Younghusband (F. E.), India and Tibet. London, 1910.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Palgrave Macmillan, a division of Macmillan Publishers Limited 1950

Authors and Affiliations

  • S. H. Steinberg

There are no affiliations available

Personalised recommendations