Constitution and Government.—In 1839 the Central American Federation, which had comprised the states of Guatemala, Salvador, Honduras, Nicaragua and Costa Rica, was dissolved, and Salvador became an independent republic. Plans for a gradual federation with Guatemala were discussed between the presidents of both countries in March, 1945. A new constitution, drafted to replace the one of 1886, was approved by a Constituent Assembly and promulgated 20 January, 1939, but in November, 1945, the old 1886 constitution was reinstated though with numerous amendments. It vested the legislative power in a single Chamber, the National Assembly, consisting of 3 deputies for each of 14 departments, elected for 1 year by universal suffrage. Large powers are vested in the President, whose term is for 4 years; normally he cannot succeed himself. He has a cabinet of 5 members. Women in 1945 were conceded a limited suffrage. Universal male and female suffrage for the elections of the president and the national assembly was introduced in 1950.
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Books of Reference concerning Salvador
- Anuario Estadistico. First year, 1911. San Salvador. Annual.Google Scholar
- Boletin de la Auditoria General de la Republica. San Salvador. Annual.Google Scholar
- The Republic of El Salvador. (Issued by the Bureau of Statistics.) Salvador, 1924.Google Scholar
- Corporation of Foreign Bondholders. Annual Report of Council. London.Google Scholar
- Angel Gallardo (M.), Cuatro Constituciones Federales de Centro America y Las Constituciones políticas de El Salvador. San Salvador, 1945.Google Scholar
- Arguello (M.), El Salvador: Tourists’ Guide. (Authorized by Act of Congress.) San Salvador, 1928.Google Scholar
- Gavidia (F.), Historia moderna de El Salvador. San Salvador, 1917.Google Scholar
- Quinónez (Dr. Lucio), La cuestión económica. San Salvador, 1919.Google Scholar
- Vogt (W.), The Population of El Salvador and its Natural Resources. Washington, D.O., 1946.Google Scholar