Advertisement

Switzerland

Schweiz.—Suisse.—Svizzera
  • S. H. Steinberg
Part of the The Statesman’s Yearbook book series (SYBK)

Abstract

ON 1 August, 1291, the men of Uri, Schwyz and Lower Unterwaiden entered into a defensive league. In 1353 the league included eight members and in 1513 thirteen. Various allied and subject territories were acquired either by single cantons or by several in common, and in 1648 the league became formally independent of the Holy Roman Empire, but no addition was made to the number of cantons till 1798. In that year, under the influence of France, the unified Helvetic Republic was formed. This failed to satisfy the Swiss, and in 1803 Napoleon Bonaparte, in the Act of Mediation, gave a new constitution and out of the lands formerly allied or subject increased the number of cantons to nineteen. In 1815 the perpetual neutrality of Switzerland and the inviolability of her territory were guaranteed by Austria, Great Britain, Portugal, Prussia and Russia, and the Federal Pact which had been drawn up at Zürich, and which included three new cantons, was accepted by the Congress of Vienna. The Pact remained in force till 1848, when a new constitution, prepared without foreign interference, was accepted by general consent. This, in turn, was, on 29 May, 1874, superseded by the constitution which is now in force.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Books of Reference concerning Switzerland

1. Official Publications

  1. Swiss Confederation: Annuaire; Budget; Message du Budget; Compte d’Etat (annual); Feuille Fédérale; Recueil des Lois fédérales (weekly).Google Scholar
  2. Sammlung der Bundes-und Kan tons Verfassungen (in German, French and Italian). Berne, 1937.Google Scholar
  3. Federal Bureau of StatisticsGoogle Scholar
  4. Annuaire statistique de la Suisse. BâlcGoogle Scholar
  5. Statistique de la Suisse. From 1930.Google Scholar
  6. Contributions à la Statistique Suisse. From 1930.Google Scholar
  7. Bibliographie Suisse de statistique et d’économie politique. Annual, from 1937.Google Scholar
  8. Federal Department of EconomiesGoogle Scholar
  9. La Suisse économique et sociale. Berne, 192G–27.Google Scholar
  10. La vie économique (and supplements). Monthly.Google Scholar
  11. Législation sociale de la Suisse. Annual, from 1928. Federal Customs Office:Google Scholar
  12. Statistique mensuelle du commerce extérieur de la Suisse.Google Scholar
  13. Statistique annuelle du commerce extérieur de la Suisse. 2 vols.Google Scholar
  14. Rapport annuel de la statistique du commerce Suisse. National Bank: Bulletin mensuel; Das schweizerische Bankwesen. Yearly.Google Scholar
  15. Schneebeli (Hermann), Die Schweizerische Nationalbank, 1907–32. Zürich, 1932.Google Scholar
  16. Marx (Dr. Paul), Systematisches Register zu den geltenden Staats vertragen der schweizerischen Eidgenossenschaft und der Kantone mit dem Auslande. Zurich, 1918. Appendix, 1934.Google Scholar
  17. Overseas Economic Survey: Switzerland, March, 1948. H.M.S.O., 1948.Google Scholar

2. Non-Official Publications

  1. Historisch-Biographisches Lexikon der Schweiz. 7 vols. Neuenburg, 1919–34. (Also in French.)Google Scholar
  2. Schweizerisches Finanz-Jahrbuch. Berne. Annual.Google Scholar
  3. Handbuch der schweizerischen Volkswirtschaft. 2 vols. Bern, 1939.Google Scholar
  4. Baedeker’s Switzerland, together with Chamonix and the Italian Lakes. 28th edition. London, 1933.Google Scholar
  5. Barth (Heinrich), Der Schweizer und sein Staat. Basle, 1941.Google Scholar
  6. Bessire (P. O.), Histoire du peuple suisse. Par le texte et par l’image. Tome premier: Des origines au milieu du XVIe siècle. Porren try, 1940.Google Scholar
  7. Bonjour (E.), Swiss Neutrality. London, 1946.Google Scholar
  8. Bonjour (F.), Real Democracy in Operation: The Example of Switzerland. (English translation.) London, 1920.Google Scholar
  9. Roissier (L.) (and others), Suisse (La vie Juridique des Peuples). Paris, 1935.Google Scholar
  10. Brooks (Robert C.), Government and Politics of Switzerland. London, 1920.Google Scholar
  11. Brunner (K.), Heereskunde der Schweiz. 2nd edition. Berne, 1940.Google Scholar
  12. Burckhardt (W.), Kommentar der Schweiz. Bundesverfassung. Berne, 1931. Carol (H.), Wirtschaftsgeographische Karte der Schweiz. Bern, 1946.Google Scholar
  13. Chapuis (A.), La Suisse dans le Monde. Paris, 1940.Google Scholar
  14. Dürr (E.), Feller (R.), Muralt (L. von) and Nabholz (H.), Geschichte der Schweiz. Zürich 1930.Google Scholar
  15. Dicrauer (J.), Histoire de la Confédération Suisse. 4 vols, [also in German]. Lausanne. 1911–14. New edition, 1922.Google Scholar
  16. Frauchiger (F.), Der schweizerische Bundestaat. Sein Wesen und seine verfassungsrechtlichen Grundlagen. Zürich, 1922.Google Scholar
  17. Früh (J.). Geographie der Schweiz. 3 vols. St. Gallen, 1930–38.Google Scholar
  18. Fueter (E.), Die Schweiz seit 1848. Zürich, 1928.Google Scholar
  19. Gagliardi (Ernst), Geschichte der Schweiz. 3 vols. Zürich, 1937.Google Scholar
  20. Güermann (V.), Geschichte der Schweiz. Schaphausen, 1940.Google Scholar
  21. Gossin (Albert), La presse suisse. Neuchâtel, 1937.Google Scholar
  22. Gremli (A,), The Flora of Switzerland, 5th English edition. London, 1914.Google Scholar
  23. Heusler (A.), Schweizerische Verfassungsgeschichte. Basel, 1920.Google Scholar
  24. Hill (Atherton), Switzerland: Past and Present. London, 1924.Google Scholar
  25. His (Eduard), Geschichte des neuern schweizerischen Staatsrechts. 3 vols. Basel, 1938.Google Scholar
  26. Huber (H.), How Switzerland is Governed. Zurich, 1947.Google Scholar
  27. Hürlimann (Martin), Die Schweiz. Berne, 1938.—(Editor), Grosse Schweizer [42 biographies]. Zurich, 1945.Google Scholar
  28. Jacot (A.), Neues schweizerisches Orts-Lexikon mit Verkehrs-Karte. Lucerne, 1940.Google Scholar
  29. Knapp (U.), Bore (M.) and Attinger (V.), Dictionnaire géographique de la Suisse. [Published both in French and German.] Neuchâtel, 1902–1910.Google Scholar
  30. Lampert (U.), Kirche und Staat in der Schweiz. 2 vols. Freiburg, 1937.Google Scholar
  31. Leemann (Walter), Landeskunde der Schweiz. Zürich, 1939.Google Scholar
  32. Lunn (A.), Switzerland: Her Topographical, Historical and Literary Landmarks. London, 1928.Google Scholar
  33. Mojonnier (A.), 650 Jahre Schweizerische Eidgenossenschaft. Zürich, 1941.Google Scholar
  34. Oechsli (W.), History of Switzerland, 1499–1914. Cambridge and London, 1922.Google Scholar
  35. Rappard (W. E.), L’Individu et l’État dans l’Évolution Constitutionelle de la Suisse. Zürich, 1936.—The Government of Switzerland. New York, 1937.—La Constitution fédérale de la Suisse. Zurich. 1948.—Collective Security in Swiss Experience, 1291–1948. London, 1948.Google Scholar
  36. Reymond (M.), Histoire de la Suisse des Origines jusqu’à aujourd’hui. Ses gloires, sa civilisation. 3 vols. Lausanne, 1933.Google Scholar
  37. Ruck (Erwin), Schweizerisches Staatsrecht, Zürich, 1933.Google Scholar
  38. Salis (L. R. de), Le Droit Fédéral Suisse. Neuchâtel, 1930.Google Scholar
  39. Sauser-Hall (Georges), La Nationalité en droit Suisse. Berne, 1921.—Guide politique suisse. Manuel d’instruction civique. 4th edition. Lausanne, 1937.Google Scholar
  40. Silbernagel-Caloyanni (Alfred), Suisse: Organisation Politique, Administrative et Judiciaire de la Confédération Helvétique et de Chaque Canton. Paris, 1936.Google Scholar
  41. Steiger (J.), Finanzhaushalt der Schweiz. 6 vols. Berne, 1912–19.Google Scholar
  42. Studer (J.), Schweizer Ortsnamen. Zürich, 1896.Google Scholar
  43. Thormann (P.) and Overbeck (A.) (editors), Das Schweizerische Strafgesetzbuch. Zürich, 1939.Google Scholar
  44. Wahlen (F. T.), Das Schweizerische Anbauwerk, 1940–45. Zurich, 1946.Google Scholar
  45. Williams (Ivy), The Swiss Civil Code. English version. Oxford, 1925.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Palgrave Macmillan, a division of Macmillan Publishers Limited 1949

Authors and Affiliations

  • S. H. Steinberg

There are no affiliations available

Personalised recommendations