Rzeczpospolita Polska
  • S. H. Steinberg
Part of the The Statesman’s Yearbook book series (SYBK)


Poland became a state by the union of a number of Slavonic tribes settled in the basins of the Vistula, the Warta and the Oder. The nation was converted to Christianity in 966. Under the Piast dynasty ( 10th–14th centuries) German ‘eastward expansion’ (Drang nach Osten) deprived Poland of her north-western and western borderlands. After the defeat of the Teutonic Order at Tannenberg (1410) and the partial recovery of Prussia, Poland’s political interests turned eastward. Temporary successes in White Russia and the Ukraine were bought by a permanent weakness on her western front. Poland reached the height of her power in the period between the 14th and 16th centuries under the rule of the Jagiellon dynasty. On its extinction the crown became elective and this, leading to an overgrowth of special rights granted to the nobility and gentry, resulted in the permanent weakness of the central authority.


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Books of Reference concerning Poland

Official Publications

  1. Statistical Year-Book of Poland. 11th ed. Warsaw, 1947.Google Scholar
  2. Annuaire Statistique de la Republique Polonaise. (First year, 1921.) Warsaw.Google Scholar
  3. Atlas Statystyczny Rzeczypospolitej Polskeij (Atlas Statistique de la Republique de Pologne). Warsaw.Google Scholar
  4. Statistical News of the Central Statistical Office. (Text in Polish and English.) Warsaw, fortnightly.—Special issues:—‘Public Health in 1947’; ‘Vital Statistics in 1946 and 1947’; ‘Local Government Statistics, 1946 and 1947’; ‘Industrial Statistics, 1946’.Google Scholar
  5. General Summarized Population Census (2 February, 1946). (Text in Polish and English.) Warsaw, 1947.Google Scholar
  6. Census of Industrial Plants, 1945. (Test in Polish and English.) Warsaw, 1947.Google Scholar


  1. Poland. A Classified Bibliography compiled by the Polish Bibliographical Institute, Warsaw. London, 1932.Google Scholar
  2. Baginski (H.), Poland and the Baltic: The Problem of Poland’s Access to the Sea. New ed. London, 1942.Google Scholar
  3. Bloch (J.), Social Legislation in Poland. London, 1944.Google Scholar
  4. Delmas (Y.), L’Évolution Constitutionnelle de la Pologne depuis 1919. Paris, 1936.Google Scholar
  5. Elgoth-Ligocki (E.), Poland. London, 1944.Google Scholar
  6. Frankel (H.), Poland. London, 1946.Google Scholar
  7. Gardner (Monica), Poland. 3rd ed. London, 1942.Google Scholar
  8. Górka (Olgierd), Outline of Polish History Past and Present. London, 1942.Google Scholar
  9. Gross (F.), The Polish Worker: A Study of a Social Stratum. Now York, 1945.Google Scholar
  10. Halecki (O.), The History of Poland. London, 1942.—Post-War Poland. London, 1944.Google Scholar
  11. Konovalov (S.) (editor), Russo-Polish Relations: An Historical Survey. London, 1945.Google Scholar
  12. Lednicki (W.), Life and Culture of Poland. New York, 1944.Google Scholar
  13. McBride (R. M.), Towns and People of Modern Poland. New York, 1938.Google Scholar
  14. Murray (M.) (editor), Poland’s Progress, 1919–33. London, 1944.Google Scholar
  15. Reddaway (W. P.), Penson (J. H.), Halecki (O.) and Dyboski (R.) (editors), The Cambridge History of Poland. London, 1940.Google Scholar
  16. Rose (W. J.), Poland Old and New. London. 1948.Google Scholar
  17. Schmitt (B. E.) (editor), Poland. Berkeley, Cal., 1945.Google Scholar
  18. Shotwell (J. T.) and Laserson (M. N.), Poland and Russia, 1919–45. New York, 1945.Google Scholar
  19. Zweig (F.), Poland Between Two Wars. London, 1944.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Palgrave Macmillan, a division of Macmillan Publishers Limited 1949

Authors and Affiliations

  • S. H. Steinberg

There are no affiliations available

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