Government.—Panama, formerly a department of the Republic of Colombia, asserted its independence on November 3, 1903, and the de facto Government was on November 13 recognized by the Government of the United States, and soon afterwards by the other Powers. In 1914, Colombia, in the Treaty of Bogota entered into with the United States, agreed to recognize the independence of Panama. This Treaty was ratified by the United.States and Colombia in 1921, and on May 8, 1924, diplomatic relations between Colombia and Panama were established.
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