República Portuguesa
  • M. Epstein
Part of the The Statesman’s Yearbook book series (SYBK)


Portugal has been an independent State since the twelfth century ; until 1910 it was a monarchy. The last King was Manoel II. of the house of Braganza-Coburg, born November 15, 1889, younger son of King Carlos I. and Queen Mary Amélie, daughter of Philippe Count of Paris ; he died July 2,1932. On October 5, 1910, the republic was proclaimed, after a short revolution, and a provisional government established with Dr. Theophilo Braga as the Provisional President (October 5, 1910, to August 24, 1911).


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Statistical and other Books of Reference

  1. The Soviet Union Looks Ahead. Translation of the Five-Year Plan for Economic Reconstruction. London, 1930.Google Scholar
  2. Izvestia (News), daily organ of the Union Central Executive Committee and the All-Russian Central Executive Committee.Google Scholar
  3. Sovietskaia Torgovlia. A weekly publication of the Commissariat of Trade of the U.S.S.R.Google Scholar
  4. Voprosy Torgovli. A monthly journal published by the Com. for Trade of the U.S.S.R.Google Scholar
  5. Za Industridlizatziyu.Google Scholar
  6. —The organ of the S apreme Economic Council of the U.S.S.R. and the R.S P.S.R. (daily).Google Scholar
  7. Ekonomitcheskaia Zhizn.—The Organ of the People’s Commissariat of Supplies, Foreign Trade, Transport, and Finance (daily).Google Scholar
  8. Trud, the organ of the All-Union Central Council of Trade Unions (daily).Google Scholar
  9. Finansy i Khoziaistxo. A weekly publication of the Commissariat for Finance of the U.S.S.R.Google Scholar
  10. Sozialistitcheskoe Zemledelie.—A daily publication of ‘the Commissariat of Agriculture of the U.S.S.R.Google Scholar
  11. The U.S.S.R, in Construction. An illustrated monthly magazine (published in Russian, English, German, and French). Moscow.Google Scholar
  12. Economic Survey. Published bv the State Bank of the U.S.S.R., Moscow (in English).Google Scholar
  13. Results of the First Five Year Plan in the Development of the National Economy of the U.S.S.R. Published by the Publishing Department of the State Planning Commission of the U S.S.R. Moscow, 1933.Google Scholar
  14. National Economy of the U.S.S.R. Issued by the State Social and Economic Publishing House. Moscow, 1932.Google Scholar
  15. Atlas and Diagrams Results of the First Five Year Plan in the Reconstruction of the U.S.S.R. Moscow, 1933.Google Scholar
  16. Soviet Ports: Black and Azov Seas: Handbook of General Information. Issued by Sovfraeht, All-Union Chartering Corporation. Moscow, 1935.Google Scholar
  17. The Penal Code of the Russian Socialist Federal Soviet Republic. London 1934.Google Scholar
  18. Economic results of the U.S.S.R in 1940 and the plan of national economic development for 1941; report delivered at the 18th All-Union Conference of the C.P.S.U., February 18, 1941. Moscow, 1941.Google Scholar
  19. Soviet Documents on Nazi Atrocities, London, 1942.Google Scholar

2. Other Publications

  1. Constitution (Basic Law) of the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (Draft). Annotated by P. Sloan. London, 1936.Google Scholar
  2. 1st· riya Grazhdanskoi Voiny S.S.S.R. By various authors. Vol. I. Moscow, 1935.Google Scholar
  3. U.S.S. R. Handbook (edited by Segal). London, 1936.Google Scholar
  4. Carnegie Endowment for International Peace. Russian volumes of the Economic and Social History of the World War. New Haven, 1927–1932.Google Scholar
  5. History of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union (Bolsheviks), 1883–1937. Edited by a Commission of the Central Committee. New York, 1939.Google Scholar
  6. Wallace (Mackeuzie), Russia. New ed. 2 vols. London, 1912.Google Scholar
  7. Waters (Brigadier-General W. II. II.), Hussia Then and Now. Luudun, 1035.Google Scholar
  8. Webb (Sidney and Beatrice), Soviet Communism : A New Civilisation? 2 vols. New ed. London, 1941.Google Scholar
  9. Williams (A. Rhys), The Russian Land. London, 1929.Google Scholar
  10. —The Soviets. New York, 1937.Google Scholar
  11. — The Russians: The Land, the People and why they fight, London, 1943.Google Scholar
  12. Wolfe (H. O.), The Imperial Soviets. New York, 1940.Google Scholar
  13. Woolenberg (E.), The Red Army: A Study of the Growth of Soviet Imperialism. London, 1940.Google Scholar
  14. Yugow (Aron), Russia’s Economic Front for War and Peace. New York, 1942.Google Scholar
  15. For a list of books concerning the Russian Revolution, see The Statesman’s Year-Book, 1930, pp. 1248–49.Google Scholar


  1. Charming (C. G.), Siberia’s Untouched Treasure. London, 1924.Google Scholar
  2. Cleinow (G.), Neu-Sibirien. Berlin, 1928.Google Scholar
  3. Czaplicka (Μ. Α.), Aboriginal Siberia. London, 1915.Google Scholar
  4. Goldman (Bosworth), Red Road through Asia: a Journey by the Arctic Ocean to Siberia, Central Asia, and Armenia. London, 1934.Google Scholar
  5. Jakushchev (Ι. Α.), Die Zukunft Sibiriens. Prague, 1928.Google Scholar
  6. Huppert (H.), Men of Siberia. New York, 1935.Google Scholar
  7. Keane (A. H.), Asia. Vol. I, Northern and Eastern Asia. London, 1906.Google Scholar
  8. Kropotkin (P.), Orographie de la Sibérie. Bruxelles, 1904.Google Scholar
  9. Moore (F. F.), Siberia of To-day. London, 1920.Google Scholar
  10. Nansen (F.), Through Siberia. The Land of the Future. London, 1914.Google Scholar
  11. Norton (Η. Κ.), The Far Eastern Republic of Siberia. London, 1923.Google Scholar
  12. Pares (Sir B.), My Russian Memoirs. London, 1931.Google Scholar
  13. Pfizenmayer (E. W.), Siberian Man and Mammoth. London, 1939.Google Scholar
  14. Price (M. P.), Siberia. London, 1912.Google Scholar
  15. Schultz (Α.), Sibirien. Eine Landeskunde. Breslau, 1923.Google Scholar
  16. Shklovsky (I. W.), In Far North-East Siberia. London, 1916.Google Scholar
  17. Steher (Charles), La Sibérie et l’extrême-nord Soviétique. Paris, 19336.Google Scholar
  18. 8wayne (H. G. C.), Through the Highlands of Siberia. London. 1904.Google Scholar
  19. Wiedenfeld (Kurt), Sibirien in Kultur und Wirtschaft. Bonn, 1916.Google Scholar

Books of Reference

  1. Dzinhevileh (Chef du Bureau officiel de statistique), Productíon du Sol en Ukraine. Kiew, 1918.Google Scholar
  2. Festchenko-Tchopivski, Les richesses de l’Ukraine Kiew, 1918.Google Scholar
  3. L’Ukraine Sovietiste. Extraits des documents diplomatiques. Kharkoff 1922.Google Scholar
  4. Oktiabrskaya Revolutsia (A Five Years’ Review). Kharkoff, 1922.Google Scholar
  5. L’Ukraine, Un aperçu sur son territoire, son peuple, ses conditions culturelles, ethnographioues, politiques et éconniniqnes, avec une carte. Berne, 1919.Google Scholar
  6. Allen (W. E. D.), The Ukraine : A History. London, 1940.Google Scholar
  7. Brégy (Pierre) and Obolensky (Prince S.), The Ukraine: A Russian Land. London, 1940.Google Scholar
  8. Doroshenko (D.), History of the Ukraine. 2nd ed. Edmonton (Alberta), 1941.Google Scholar
  9. Gcrshnnov (M ), The Land Code of the Ukraine. 1926.Google Scholar
  10. Hrushevsky (M.), A History of the Ukraine New Haven, 1941.Google Scholar
  11. Krupnycki (B.), Geschichte der Ukraine. Leipzig, 1939.Google Scholar
  12. Nolde (Baron Boris), L’Ukraine sous le protectorat russe, Lausanne, 1912.Google Scholar
  13. Rudintzky (Stephen), Ukraine, the Land and its people. New York, 1918.Google Scholar
  14. Sands (B ), The Ukraine. London, 1914.Google Scholar
  15. Savtchenko (T.), LUkraine et la question Ukrainienne. Paris, 1918.Google Scholar
  16. Schmidt (Α.), Ukraine: Land der Zukunft. Berlin, 1939.Google Scholar
  17. Shafarenko (1.) The Natural Resources of the Ukraine. London, 1920.Google Scholar
  18. Slavchenko. The Organisation of the National Economy of the Ukraine. 6 vols. (Ukraine State Publishing Agency.) 1926.Google Scholar
  19. Stebnitsky (P.), L’Ukraine et les Ukrainiens. Berne, 1919.Google Scholar
  20. Sukhov (A.), The Economic Geography of the Ukraine. (Ukraine State Publishing Agency), 1926.Google Scholar
  21. Pyszkiewicz (Camte Michel), Documents historíques sur 1’Ukraine et ses relatione avec la Pologne, la Russie et la Suède (1569–1764). Lausanne, 1919.Google Scholar
  22. —La Littérature Ukrainienne. Berne, 1919.Google Scholar
  23. Vowles (H. P.), Ukraine and its People. London, 1939.Google Scholar

Books of Reference concerning Azerbaijan

  1. Publication of the Central Asian Society : Toynbee (Α.), Islam in Russia since the Revolution. Vol. 5, 1918.Google Scholar
  2. Baddeley (J. F.), The Rugged Flanks of Caucasus. 2 vols. Oxford, 1941.Google Scholar
  3. Dunsterville (Maj.-Gen. L. C.), Adventures of the Dunsterforce. London, 1920.Google Scholar
  4. Henry (J. D.), Baku : An Eventful History. London, 1906.Google Scholar
  5. Tutaeff (D.), The Soviet Caucasus. London, 1942.Google Scholar
  6. Ziatkhan (Adil Khan), Aperçu sur l’histoire, la littérature et la politique de l’Azerbaijan. Baku, 1919.Google Scholar

Books of Reference concerning Georgia

  1. Allen (W. E. D.), A History of the Georgian People. London, 1932.Google Scholar
  2. Avalishvili (Zourab)), The Independence of Georgia in International Politics, 1918–1921. London, 1940.Google Scholar
  3. Barbusse (H.), Voici ce qu on a fait de la Géorgie. Paris, 1929.Google Scholar
  4. Brosset (M. F.), Histoire de la Géorgie. 5 vols. St. Petersburg, 1849–5Google Scholar
  5. Ghambashidze (D.), The Caucasus, its People, History, etc. London, 1918.Google Scholar
  6. —Mineral Resources of Georgia and Caucasia. London, 1919.Google Scholar
  7. Khakhanoff (M.), Histoire de Géorgie. Paris, 1900.Google Scholar
  8. Luke (Sir Harry), More Moves on an Eastern Chequerhoard. London, 1935.Google Scholar

Books of Reference concerning Armenia

  1. Cambridge Mediaeval History. Vol. III. Armenia, by F. Macler (contains an historical bibliography).Google Scholar
  2. Baldwin (Oliver), Six Prisons and Two Revolutions. London, 1925.Google Scholar
  3. Bechofer (C. E.), In Denikin’s Russia and the Caucasus. London, 1921.Google Scholar
  4. Buxton (Noel and Harold), Travel and Politics in Armenia. London, 1914.Google Scholar
  5. Gregor (N. Tor), History of Armenia. London, 1897.Google Scholar
  6. Haupt (Lehmann), Armenien Einst und Jetzt. Berlin, 1910.Google Scholar
  7. Lynch (H. F. B.), Armenia: Travels and Studies. London, 1901 (contains a full bibliography).Google Scholar
  8. Morgan (Jacques de), Histoire du Peuple Arménien. Paris, 1919.Google Scholar
  9. Nansen (Frndtzof), Armenia and the Near East. London, 1928.Google Scholar
  10. Strzygouski (Josef), Die Baukunst der Armenier und Europa. 2 vols. Vienna, 1919.Google Scholar
  11. Varandian (M.), Le Confiit Arméno-Géorgi en et la Guerre du Caucase, Paris, 1919 (the Georgo-Armenian War of 1919).Google Scholar
  12. Williams (W. LI.), Armenia Past and Present. London, 1916.Google Scholar

Books οf Reference

  1. Publications of the Bureau Central de Statistique de l’Estonie.Google Scholar
  2. The Baltic States:… Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania. Prepared by the Information Department of the Royal Institute of International Affairs. London, 1939.Google Scholar
  3. Bouckman (N.), L’Esthonie, ses ports et ses chemins de fer. Tallinn, 1925.Google Scholar
  4. Cathala (J.), Portrait de l’Estonie. Paris, 1937.Google Scholar
  5. Chambon (H. de), La République d’Estonie. Paris, 1937.Google Scholar
  6. Davies (E. C.), A Wayfarer in Estonia, Latvia and Lithuania. London, 1937.Google Scholar
  7. Haltenberger (M.), Landeskunde von Eesti. Dorpat, 1926.Google Scholar
  8. —Die Baltischen Lãnder. Leipzig, 1929.Google Scholar
  9. Jackson (J. Α.), Estonia. London, 1941.Google Scholar
  10. Kant (E.), Bevöklerung und Lebensraum Estlands : ein anthropoökologischer Beitrag zur Kunde Baltoskandias. Tartu, 1935.Google Scholar
  11. Kruus (Prof. H.), Grundriss der Geschichte des Estnischen Volkes. Tartu, 1932, French edition, Paris, 1937.Google Scholar
  12. Luiga (G. E.) and Warep (Α.), Die neue Agrarverfassung in Eesti. Tartu, 1924. Die neue Landordnang. Tartu, 1927.Google Scholar
  13. Meuvret (J.), Histoire des Pays Baltiques. Paris, 1934.Google Scholar
  14. Neuman (E. W. Poison), Britain and the Baltic. London, 1930.Google Scholar
  15. Parikas (J. and P.), Eesti; Illustrated Handbook in Estonian, French, English and German. Tallinn, 1923.Google Scholar
  16. Pullerits (Α.), Estonia, Population, Cultural and Economic Life. Tallinn, 1937.Google Scholar
  17. Schmidt (V.), Album Statistique I and II. Estonian Central Statistics Bureau.Google Scholar
  18. Seth (Ronald), Baltic corner : travel in Estonia. London, 1939.Google Scholar
  19. Vesterinen (E.), Agricultural Conditions in Estonia. Helsinki, 1923.Google Scholar
  20. Villecourt (L.), L’Estonie. Paris, 1932.Google Scholar

Books of Reference

  1. Statistical Annual of the Bureau of Statistics of the Latvian Republic. Riga, 1920–38.Google Scholar
  2. La Lettonic Pittoresque. Riga, 1933. (Also in English.)Google Scholar
  3. The Baltic States Handbook. (Issued by Chatham House.) London, 1938.Google Scholar
  4. Balodis (P.) and Arenas (P.), Lettland, Landschaft, Volksleben, Baukunst und Museen. Riga, 1938.Google Scholar
  5. Bilmanis (Α.), Latvijas Werdegang. (Fourth edition.) Riga, 1934.Google Scholar
  6. Brenneisen (R.), Lettland: Das Werden und Wesen einer neuen Volkswirtschaft Berlin, 1936.Google Scholar
  7. Chambon (IL de). Origines et histoire de la Lettonie. Paris, 1933.Google Scholar
  8. Davies (E.), A Wayfarer in Estonia, Latvia and Lithuania. London, 1938.Google Scholar
  9. Köster (K.), Lettland, ein Malerbuch. Hamburg, 1938.Google Scholar
  10. Meuvret (M.), Histoire des Pays Baltiques. Paris, 1934.Google Scholar
  11. Miédan (F. R.), Comment on fait un Etat, Lettonie. Paris, 1938.Google Scholar
  12. Morein (J.), La Lettonie nouvelle. Riga, 1934.Google Scholar
  13. —Wirtschaft und Kultur der Baltischen Staaten. Riga, 1934.Google Scholar
  14. Munthe (Kurt), Estland och Lettland. Stoekholm, 1928.Google Scholar
  15. Olmš (Peter Z.), The Teutonic Knights in Latvia. Riga, 1928.Google Scholar
  16. Paegle (E.), Latvian Popular Art. Riga, 1935.Google Scholar
  17. Polson-Neuman (E. W.), Britain and the Baltic States. London, 1930.Google Scholar
  18. Skujenicks (M.), Atlas Statistique de la Lettonie. Riga, 1938.Google Scholar
  19. Spavll (H.), The Baltic States. London, 1931.Google Scholar
  20. Spekke (A.) and others, Lettonia. Rome, 1939.Google Scholar
  21. Svabe (Prof. Α.), Agrarian History of Latvia. Riga, 1930.Google Scholar
  22. Urch (R. O. G.), Latvia : Country and People. London, 1938.Google Scholar
  23. Vitols, (Dr. H.), La Mer Baltique et les Etate Baltes. Paris, 1935.Google Scholar
  24. Zalts (Α.), Latvian Political Economy Riga, 1928.Google Scholar
  25. — Lettlands Wirtschaft und Wirt-schaftspohnk. Riga, 1930.Google Scholar
  26. Zolnuanis (E.), Latvia among the Baltic States, Riga, 1931.Google Scholar

Books of Reference concerning Lithuania.: Official Publications

  1. Statistikos Binletenis (Statistical Bulletin) in Lithuanian and French, issued monthly by the Statistical Bureau (Ministry of Finance).Google Scholar
  2. Lietuvos Statistikcs Metraštis (Lithuanian Statistical Year Book) in Lithuanian and French, issued annually by the Statistical Bureau (Ministry of Finance).Google Scholar

Non-Official Publications

  1. The Baltic States. Prepared by the Information Department of the Royal Institute of International Affairs. London, 1038.Google Scholar
  2. Benedictsen (A. M.), Lithuania, the Awakening of a Nation. Copenhagen, 1924.Google Scholar
  3. Bossin (A.), La Lithnanie. Paris, 1933Google Scholar
  4. Davies (E. C.), A Wayfairer in Estonia, Latvia and Lithuania. London, 1937.Google Scholar
  5. Harrison (E. J.). Lithuania. London, 1928.-Lithuania Pastand Present. London, 1922.Google Scholar
  6. Jakulis (J.) La Lithuanie Restaurée. Louvain, 1932.Google Scholar
  7. Klimas (P.), Der Werdegang des Litauischen Staates. Berlin, 1919.Google Scholar
  8. Ruht (Α.), The New Masters of the Baltic. New York, 1921.Google Scholar
  9. Rutter (Owen), The New Baltic States. London, 1925.Google Scholar
  10. Salvatori (G.), Rustic and Popular Art in Lithuania. Milan, 1925.Google Scholar
  11. —I Lituani di Ieri di Oggi. Bologna, 1932.Google Scholar
  12. Scott (J. Μ ), Bevond the Baltic. London, 1926.Google Scholar
  13. Storost (G.), Litauische Geschichte. Tilsit, 1921.Google Scholar
  14. Turchi (N.), La Lituania nella storia e nel presente. Rome, 1933.Google Scholar
  15. Vozka (J.), Litva. Prague, 1933.Google Scholar

Books of Reference Concerning·Central Asia

  1. Abbott (J.), Narrative of a Journey from Herat to Khiva. London, 1S84.Google Scholar
  2. Hardier (V. M.), Tadzhikistan. Tashkent, 1940.Google Scholar
  3. Barthold (W.), The History of Turkestan (Russian) Tashkent, 1922.Google Scholar
  4. —Turkestan down to the Mongolian Invasion. London, 1928.Google Scholar
  5. Christie (Ella R.), Through Khiva to Golden Samarkand. London, 1925.Google Scholar
  6. Curzon (Hon. G.), Russia in Central Asia. London, 1SS9.Google Scholar
  7. —The Pamirs and the Source of the Oxus. London, 1897.Google Scholar
  8. Fox (R.), People of the Steppes. London, 1925.Google Scholar
  9. Graham (Stephen), Through Russian Central Asia. London, 1916.Google Scholar
  10. Kunitz (J.), Dawn Over Samarakand. New York, 1935.Google Scholar
  11. Lobanov-Rostov sky (Α.), Russia and Asia. New York and London, 1933.Google Scholar
  12. Machatschek (Fritz), Landeskunde von Russisch Turkestan. Stuttgart, 1921.Google Scholar
  13. Masalsky, The Region of Turkestan (in Russian). St. Petersburg, 1913.Google Scholar
  14. Meakin (Annette M. B.), In Russian Turkestan. London, 1915.Google Scholar
  15. O’Donovan (E.), The Merv Oasis. 2 vols. London, 1889.Google Scholar
  16. Olafsen (Ο.), The Emir of Bokhara and his Country. London, 1911.Google Scholar
  17. Phibbs (Isabella M.), A Visit to the Russians in Central Asia. London, 1899.Google Scholar
  18. Rickmers (W. R.), The Duab of Turkestan. Cambridge, 1913.Google Scholar
  19. Schwarz (F. von), Turkestan. Berlin and Freiberg, 1900.Google Scholar
  20. Steber (C.), L’Asie Cemrale Soviétique et le Kazakhstan. Paris, 1939.Google Scholar
  21. Strong (A. L.), Red Star in Samarkand. London, 1930.Google Scholar
  22. —The Road to the Grey Pamir. Boston, 1931.Google Scholar
  23. Woeikof (A.), Le Turkestan Russe. Paris, 1914.Google Scholar

Books of Reference.: 1. Official Publications in Russian

  1. Zumbadzc, Constitution of the T.S.F.S.R. Tiflis, 1923.Google Scholar
  2. Lyaister and Chursin, A Geography of the Caucasus.Google Scholar
  3. —The Country and its Peoples. Tiflis, 1924.Google Scholar
  4. Trans-Caucasia, A Statistical-Economic Compilation. Tiflis, 1925.Google Scholar
  5. Reference Book (lit. Spravochnik) for the T.S.F.S.R. Tiflis, 1026.Google Scholar

2. Scientific Publications in Russian

  1. Miansarov (M.), Bibliographia Caucasica et Trans-caucasica. (Vol. I, published only in two parts, S.P.B., 1874–6.)Google Scholar
  2. Izvestiya ‘ and ‘ Dokladi ‘ of the Russian (Imperial) Academy of Sciences.Google Scholar
  3. Collection of Materials for the Description of the Tribes and Localities of the Caucasus.’ (Tiflis. 45 vols. published between 1881 and 1915.)Google Scholar
  4. ‘Akhti’ of the Caucasian Archaeographic Commission. (13 volumes. Tiflis,, Various dates from 1880.)Google Scholar
  5. ‘Kavkazski Sbornik.’ (20 volumes. Tiflis, 1876–1899.)Google Scholar
  6. ‘Kavkazski Kalendar ‘ (published in Tiflis by the Caucasian Statistical Committee from 1873).Google Scholar
  7. ‘Zapiski’ and ‘Izvestiya’ of the Caucasian Section of the (Imperial) Russian Geographical Society (published irregularly from 1852 and 1872 respectively).Google Scholar
  8. Materials for the Archaeology of the Caucasus (published in Moscow by the Imperial Moscow Archaeological Society) from 1888. About 10 volumes.Google Scholar
  9. Novie Vostok (New East) published by the All-Russian Scientific Association for Eastern Studies. Moscow. 1921 to date. 15 volumes.Google Scholar

3. General Publications in English, French and German

  1. Abich (H.), Aus kaukasischen Ländern. 2 vols. 1896.Google Scholar
  2. Bates (E. S.), Soviet Asia; Progress and Problems. London, 1941.Google Scholar
  3. Baddeley (J. F.), The Russian Conquest of the Caucasus. 2 vols. London, 1909.Google Scholar
  4. Bryce (James)[Lord Bryce], Trans-Caucasia and Ararat. London, 1896.Google Scholar
  5. Buchan (John) and Gleichen (Lord Edward) (editors), The Baltic and Caucasian States. (Sections on Georgia and Azerbaijan by W. B. D. Allen.)Google Scholar
  6. Budel (Α.), Transkaukasien, eine technische Geographie. Gotha, 1926.Google Scholar
  7. Buxton (Rev. Harold), Trans-Caucasia. London, 1926.Google Scholar
  8. Chesnais (P. G. de la). Les Peuples de la Trans-Caucasie. Paris, 1921.Google Scholar
  9. Davies (R. A.) and Steiger (A. J.), Soviet Asia: Democracy’s First Line of Defence. New York, 1942.Google Scholar
  10. Déchy (M. von), Kaukasus-Reisen und Forschungen im Kaukasischen Hochgebirge, 3 vols, in 2. Berlin, 1905–7.Google Scholar
  11. Freshfield (Douglas), The Exploration of the Caucasus. London, 1902.Google Scholar
  12. Ghamòashidze (Dr. D.), Mineral Resources of Georgia and Caucasia. London, 1919.Google Scholar
  13. Hahn (C.), Kaukasische Reisen und Studien. Leipsic, 1896.Google Scholar
  14. Luke (H. C.), Anatolica. London, 1924.Google Scholar
  15. Merzbacher (G.), Aus den Hochregionen des Kaukasus. 2 vols. Leipzig, 1901Google Scholar
  16. Morgan (Jacques de), Mission Scientifique au Caucase. 2 vols. Paris, 1889.Google Scholar
  17. Mourier (J.), L’Art au Caucase. Bruxelles, 1912.Google Scholar
  18. Nansen (Fridtzof), Through the Caucasus to the Volga. London, 1931.Google Scholar
  19. Price (M. P.), War and Revolution in Asiatic Russia. London, 1918.Google Scholar
  20. Radde (G.) (and others), Grundzüge der Pflanzenverbreitung im dem Kaukasusländern, etc. 3 parts. Leipzig, 1899.Google Scholar
  21. Rikli (M.), Natur- und Kulturbilder aus den Kaukasusländern und Hocharmenien (von Teilnehmern der Schweizerischen naturwissenschaftlichen Studienreise, Sommer 1912), Zurich, 1914.Google Scholar
  22. Teljer (J. B.), The Crimea and Trans-Caucasia. 2 vols. London, 1876.Google Scholar
  23. Fillari (Luigi), Fire and Sword in the Caucasus. London, 1906.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Palgrave Macmillan, a division of Macmillan Publishers Limited 1943

Authors and Affiliations

  • M. Epstein

There are no affiliations available

Personalised recommendations