Kingdom of Hellas
  • M. Epstein
Part of the The Statesman’s Yearbook book series (SYBK)


Greece gained her independence from Turkey in 1821–29, and by the Protocol of London, of February 3, 1830, was declared a kingdom, under the guarantee of Great Britain, France, and Russia. The crown was accepted by Prince Otto of Bavaria, who ascended the throne January 25, 1833, as Otho I, King of Hellas, being under the age of eighteen. He was expelled the Kingdom, after a reign of 29 years, in October, 1862, which event was followed by the election, in 1863, under the directing guidance of the three guaranteeing Powers, of Prince William, younger son of Christian IX, King of Denmark, as King George I, King of the Hellenes. George I, who was assassinated on March 18, 1913, was succeeded by his son Constantine, who reigned until June 11, 1917, when he was excluded from the throne by the allied Powers. Alexander, second son of King Constantine, then reigned till his death on October 25, 1920. Constantine returned to Greece on December 19, 1920, reigned until his abdication on September 27, 1922, and died in exile on January 11, 1923. He was succeeded by his eldest son George II, who was forced to leave Greece on December 18, 1923.


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Statistical and other Books of Reference concerning Greece

1. Official Publications

  1. Department of Overseas Trade Reports, Annual Series. London.Google Scholar
  2. Geology of the Republic of Haiti. Port-au-Prince, 1924.Google Scholar
  3. Annual Reports of Haitian governmental departments. Port-au-Prince.Google Scholar
  4. Haitian Directory and Handbook. By the Consulate General of New York. 1933.Google Scholar
  5. Annual report of the fiscal representative for the fiscal year ending September 30, as submitted to the Government of Haiti and the Secretary of State of the United States.Google Scholar
  6. 2. Non-Official Publications

    1. Haiti 1919–1920. Blue Book of Haiti. A Pictorial Review of the Republic of Haiti, including special articles on History, Government, Geography, Commerce, and Natural Resources. New York, 1919.Google Scholar
    2. Aubin (E.), En Haiti. Paris 1910.Google Scholar
    3. Balch (Emily G.) (editor), Occupied Haiti ; Report of an unofficial committee of six sent to Haiti by the International League for Peace and Freedom. New York, 1927.Google Scholar
    4. Bellegarde (D.), L’Occupation Americaine d’Haiti : Ses conséquences morales et économiques. Port-au-Prince, 1929.Google Scholar
    5. —Haiti and Her Problems. Rio Piedros, 1936.Google Scholar
    6. —La Nation Haïtienne. Paris, 1938.Google Scholar
    7. Davis (H. P.), Black Democracy. The Star of Haiti. London, 1929.Google Scholar
    8. Janvier (L. J.), Les Constitutions d’Haïti (1801–1885) Paris, 1886.Google Scholar
    9. —La République d’Haïti, 1840–82. Paris, 1883.Google Scholar
    10. Justin (J.), Etude sur les Institutions Haïtiennes. Paris, 1894.Google Scholar
    11. Léger (A. N.), Haiti, Her History and Detractors. New York, 1907.Google Scholar
    12. — Histoire diplomatique d’Haïti. Port-au-Prince, 1930.Google Scholar
    13. Leyburn (J. G.), The Haitian People. Yale University, 1941.Google Scholar
    14. Loederer (R. A.), Voodoo Fire in Haiti. London, 1935.Google Scholar
    15. Madiou (N.), Histoire d’Haiti. 3 vols. Revised ed. Port-au-Prince, 1922.Google Scholar
    16. Millapaugh (A. P.), Haiti Under American Control, 1915–1930. Boston, 1933.Google Scholar
    17. Montague (L. L.), Haiti and the United States (1714–1938). Durham (U.S.A.), 1940.Google Scholar
    18. Morpeau (M.), Code de procédure civile annoté avec commentaires, jurisprudence et formules. Port-au-Prince, 1909.Google Scholar
    19. Niles (B.), Black Haïti. London, 1926.Google Scholar
    20. Price (H.), Dictionnaire de Legislation Administrative Haitienne. Port-au-Prince, 1923.Google Scholar
    21. Pritehard (Hesketh), Where Black Rules White. London, 1900.Google Scholar
    22. Stecdman (Mable), Unknown to the World : Haiti. London, 1939.Google Scholar
    23. Vincent (Sténio), Efforts et Résultats. Survey of the Country’s Problems, by the President. Port-au-Prince, 1938.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Palgrave Macmillan, a division of Macmillan Publishers Limited 1943

Authors and Affiliations

  • M. Epstein

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