Rome, See and Church of

Città del Vaticano
  • M. Epstein
Part of the The Statesman’s Yearbook book series (SYBK)


For many centuries until Pins IX’s reign, with some comparatively short breaks, the Popes or Roman Pontiffs bore temporal swayover a territory stretching across Mid-Italy from sea to sea and comprising an area of some 16,000 square miles, with a population finally of some 3,125,000 souls. Of this dominion the whole has been incorporated with the Italian Kingdom. Furthermore, by an Italian law dated May 13, 1871, there was guaranteed to His Holiness and his successors for ever, besides the use of the Vatican and Lateran palaces and the villa of Castel Gandolfo, a yearly income of 3,225,000 lire, but this allowance remained unclaimed and unpaid until February 11, 1929, when a settlement of the ‘Roman question’ was arrived at by three treaties between the Italian Government and the Vatican. On that day there was signed (1) a Political Treaty, which recognized the full and independent sovereignty of the Holy See in the city of the Vatican ; (2) a Concordat, to regulate the condition of religion and of the Church in Italy ; and (3) a Financial Convention, in accordance with which the Holy See shall receive 750,000,000 lire in cash and 1,000,000,000 lire in Italian 5 per cent. State bonds. This sum is to be a definitive settlement of all the financial claims of the Holy See against Italy in consequence of the loss of its temporal power in 1870. The treaty and concordat were ratified and the sum of 750,000,000 lire paid on June 7, 1929.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Books of Reference

  1. Acta Apostolica Sedis Romæ. Rome. Monthly.Google Scholar
  2. Annuario Pontificio. Rome. Annual.Google Scholar
  3. The Catholic Directory. London. Annual.Google Scholar
  4. Catholic Encyclopaedia. 16 vols. New York, 1907.Google Scholar
  5. Codex Juris Canonici Pii X Pontiflcis Maximi mssu disestus Benedicti Papæ XV auctoritate promulgatus (Praefatione Emi Petri Card. Gasparri).Google Scholar
  6. Addis (Will E.) and Arnold (Thos.), A Catholic Dictionary. 7th ed., revised by T. B. Scannell, D.D. London, 1905.Google Scholar
  7. Armellini (Cav. Mariano), Le Chiese di Roma dal Secolo IV al XIX. 2nd ed. Roma, 1891.Google Scholar
  8. — Gli antichi cimiteri cristiani di Roma e d’Italia. Roma, 1893.Google Scholar
  9. Assemanui (Joseph Aloysius), Codex Liturgicus Ecclesiae Universa. 13 vols. Romae, 1759–66. New edition, Paris, 1902.Google Scholar
  10. Attwater (Donald) (editor), a Dictionary of the Popes : From Peter to Pius XII. London, 1939.Google Scholar
  11. Bagnarti (G.), Rome and the Papacy. London, 1929Google Scholar
  12. Baronius (Caesar) and Raynaldus (O.), Annales Ecclesiastici, e. J. D. Mansi (to 1565). Lucca (1738–1756). 34 vols, (one apparatus and 3 indices). Continued by Laderchi (1566–1571). 3 vols. Rome, 1728–1757, and by Theiner (1572–1585). 3 vols. Rome, 1856.Google Scholar
  13. Barraclough (C), Papal Provisions. Oxford, 1935.Google Scholar
  14. Bernhart (J.), Le Vatican. Trône du Monde. Paris, 1930.English edition, London, 1939.Google Scholar
  15. Brown (H. K.), The Lives of the Popes in the Middle Ages. London, 1929.Google Scholar
  16. Brunengo (Giuseppe), Le Origini della Sovranità Temporale dei Papi. Roma, 1872.Google Scholar
  17. Bullarium Romanum (to Clement XII). Rome, 1739–1762. 14 vols, in 28, and Turin 1857–1872. 24 vols., with continuation (from Clement XIII to 1855). Rome, 1855 sqq. 19 vols. Bullarium of Benedict XIV, issued at Rome, 1746–1757. 4 vols.Google Scholar
  18. Bury (J. B.), HistoTy of the Papacy in the Nineteenth Century. London, 1930.Google Scholar
  19. Butler (Dom Cuthbert), The Vatican Council. London, 1930.Google Scholar
  20. Cairoli (L. P.), La Città del Vaticano. Monza, 1929.Google Scholar
  21. Gardella (Lorenzo), Memorie Storiche de’ Cardinali della Santa Romana Chiesa. 9 vols, Roma, 1792–97.Google Scholar
  22. Carlen (M. Clandia), A Guide to the Encyclicals of the Roman Pontiffs from Leo XIII to the present day (1878–1937). New York, 1939.Google Scholar
  23. Cecchelli (Carlo), The Vatican City. Rome, 1933.Google Scholar
  24. Tuker (M. A.R.), Handbook to Christian and Ecclesiastical Rome. 22nd ed. London, 1925.Google Scholar
  25. Wetser (Heinrich Joseph), and Welte (Benedikt), Kirchenlexìcon. 2nd edition. Began bv Card. Joseph Hergenrother and continued by Dr. Franz Kaulen. Freiburg-im-Breisgau 1882–1901. 12 vols, and an index volume.Google Scholar
  26. Williamson (B.), The Treaty of the Lateran. With a Foreword by Cardinal Bourne. London, 1929.Google Scholar
  27. Wilpert (Giuseppe), Die Malereien der Katakomben Roms. 2 vols. Freiburg-im-Breisgau, 1893 (Italian translation. 2 vols. Rome, 1893).—Die römischen Mosaiken und Malereien der Kirchlichen Bauten vom IV bis XIII Jahrhundert. 4 vols. Freiburg-im-Breisgau 1916.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Palgrave Macmillan, a division of Macmillan Publishers Limited 1940

Authors and Affiliations

  • M. Epstein

There are no affiliations available

Personalised recommendations