Kingdom of Hellas
  • M. Epstein
Part of the The Statesman’s Yearbook book series (SYBK)


Greece gained her independence from Turkey in 1821–29, and by the Protocol of London, of February 3, 1830, was declared a kingdom, under the guarantee of Great Britain, France, and Russia. The crown was accepted by Prince Otto of Bavaria, who ascended the throne January 25, 1833, as Otho I, King of Hellas, being under the age of eighteen. He was expelled the Kingdom, after a reign of 29 years, in October, 1862, which event was followed by the election, in 1863, under the directing guidance of the three guaranteeing Powers, of Prince William, younger son of Christian IX, King of Denmark, as King George I, King of the Hellenes. George I, who was assassinated on March 18, 1913, was succeeded by his son Constantine, who reigned until June 11, 1917, when he was excluded from the throne by the allied Powers. Alexander, second son of King Constantine, then reigned till his death on October 25, 1920. Constantine returned to Greece on December 19, 1920, reigned until his abdication on September 27, 1922, and died in exile on January 11, 1923. He was succeeded by his eldest son George II, who was forced to leave Greece on December 18, 1923.


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Books of Reference

Statistical and other Books of Reference concerning Greece: 1. Official Publications

  1. Annuaire Statistique de la Grèce. First issue, 1931.Google Scholar
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2. Non-Official Publications

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Copyright information

© Palgrave Macmillan, a division of Macmillan Publishers Limited 1940

Authors and Affiliations

  • M. Epstein

There are no affiliations available

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