The Republic of Austria was proclaimed on November 12, 1918. The Government was taken in hand by a National Assembly which appointed a temporary cabinet and proceeded to pass laws. On February 16, 1919, the National Constitutional Assembly, consisting of only one Chamber, was duly elected on the basis of universal and proportional suffrage; every Austrian subject, male and female, has a vote if 21 years of age, and is eligible for election if 30 years of age. At the elections held on November 9, 1930, the following parties were returned:—Christian Socialists, 66; Social Democrats, 72; Economic Bloc, 19; Fascist Home Bloc, 8; total, 165.
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