On September 15, 1821, the State of Honduras declared its independence of Spain and set up as a Republic which is governed under a charter proclaimed on October 3, 1824. This gives the legislative power to a Congress of Deputies consisting of 43 members, chosen for 4 years directly by popular vote, in the ratio of one per 15,000 inhabitants. It meets for 60 days on January 1 each year. The executive authority rests with a President, nominated and elected by popular vote for 4 years, and holding office from February 1st. The Constitution of the Republic was re-written in 1924, the most important innovation being the appointment of a Permanent Commission of five members who sit whilst Congress is not in session for the transaction of such routine business as usually falls to the latter.
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