The Austrian Republic was proclaimed on November 12, 1918. The Government was taken in hand by a National Assembly which appointed a temporary cabinet and proceeded to pass laws. On February 16, 1919, the National Constitutional Assembly, consisting of only one Chamber, was duly elected on the basis of universal suffrage, and resulted in the following parties being returned:—Social Democrats, 72; Christian Socialists, 69; German Nationalists, 26; other Parties, 3.
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