The Republic of Haiti, formerly a French colony, was proclaimed independent January 1, 1804, and is now governed under a Constitution ratified on June 12, 1918. The legislative power is vested in a Chamber of Deputies on the basis of one member for each 60,000 inhabitants, members being chosen for 2 years by direct popular vote, and in a Senate of 15 members chosen for 6 years likewise by direct vote of the people. Citizens over 21 enjoy the franchise. The President is elected for 4 years by the two Chambers in joint session. Members of both houses are paid a monthly salary of 150 dollars throughout the year.
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Statistical and other Books of Reference concerning Haiti
1. Official Publications
2. Non-Official Publications
- Ardouin (Eesubrun), Etudes sur l’histoire de Haiti. 10 vols. Paris, 1853–61.Google Scholar
- Aubin (E.), En Haïti. Paris, 1910.Google Scholar
- Fortunat (Dantes), Nouvelle géographie de l’île de Haïti. Port-au-Prince, 1888.Google Scholar
- Janvier (L. J.), Les Constitutions d’Haïti (1801–1885). Paris 1886. La République d’Haïti, 1840–82. Paris, 1883.Google Scholar
- Justin (J.), Etude sur les Institutions Haïtiennes. Paris., 1894.Google Scholar
- Léger (J. N.), Haiti, Her History and Detractors. New York, 1907.Google Scholar
- Hadiou (N.), Histoire de Haiti. 3 vols. Port-au-Prince, 1847.Google Scholar
- Pritehard (Hesketh), Where Black Rules White. London, 1900.Google Scholar
- St. John (Sir Spenser), Haiti, or the Black Republic. 2nd. ed. London, 1889.Google Scholar
- Tippenhauer (L. Gentil), Die Insel Haïti. 2 vols. Leipzig, 1893.Google Scholar