(República del Ecuador.)
  • John Scott Keltie
  • M. Epstein
Part of the The Statesman’s Yearbook book series (SYBK)


The Republic of Ecuador was constituted May 11, 1830, in consequence of a civil war which separated the members of the original Republic of Colombia, founded by Simon Bolivar, by uniting the Presidency of Quito to the Vice-Royalty of New Grenada, and the Captaincy-General of Venezuela, when they threw off the Spanish yoke. Under the present Constitution, promulgated December 23, 1906, the executive is vested in a President, elected for the term of four years, while the legislative power is given to a Congress of two Houses; the first consisting of thirty-two senators, two for each province (chosen for four years), and the second of 48 deputies, on the basis of one deputy for every 30,000 inhabitants, chosen for two years; both elected by adults who can read and write. The Congress meets on the 10th of August of every year at Quito, the capital, without being summoned by the Government. The election of the President takes place in a direct manner by the people. Under the present constitution there is no election for Vice-President. In case of death, or other cause of vacancy in the office of President, he is replaced (1) by the President of the Senate of the Last Congress, and (2) if he should also fail, by the President of the Chamber of Deputies.


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Statistical and other Books of Reference concerning Ecuador

1. Official Publications

  1. Geografia y Geologia del Ecuador, publicado por órden del Supremo Gobierno de Republica, por Dr. Teodoro Wolf. Leipzic, 1893.Google Scholar
  2. Foreign Office Reports, Annual Series, and Miscellaneous Series. London.Google Scholar
  3. Annual Statement of the Trade of the United Kingdom with Foreign Countries and British Possessions. Imp. London.Google Scholar
  4. Monthly Bulletins of the Bureau of the American Republics. Washington.Google Scholar
  5. Cóligo, Militar. Quito, 1908.Google Scholar
  6. Anuario de legislación Ecuadoriana. Quito. Annual.Google Scholar

2. Non-Official Publications

  1. Alsedo y Herrera (Dionosio), Descripción geográfica de la Real Audiencia de Quito, que eacribió Don Dionisio de Alsedo y Herrera. Issued by the Hispanic Society of America. Madrid, 1915Google Scholar
  2. Caamaño (A. F.), Descubrimiento histórico relativo a la independencia de Quito. Quito, 1909.Google Scholar
  3. Cevallos, Compendio del resumen de la historia del Ecuador. Guayaquil, 1885—Resúmen de la historia del Ecuador. Guayaquil, 1886.—Geografia del Ecuador. Lima 888.Google Scholar
  4. Corporation of Foreign Bondholders. Annual Report. London.Google Scholar
  5. El Ecuador (Guia Comercial Agricola e Industrial de la Republica). Quito. Anual.Google Scholar
  6. Enock (C. R.), Ecuador. London, 1914.Google Scholar
  7. González Suárez, Historia ecclesiastica del Ecuador. Quito, 1381.Google Scholar
  8. Hassaurek (F.), Four Years among Spanish Americans. 3rd edition. Cincinnati, 1881.Google Scholar
  9. Herrera (P.), Apuntes para la historia de Quito. Quito, 1874.Google Scholar
  10. Kean (A. H.) and Markham (Sir C. R.), Central and South America. Vol. 1. In Stanford’s Compendium.] 2nd ed. London, 1909.Google Scholar
  11. Oviedo y Valdès, Historia de las Indias. Madrid, 1885.Google Scholar
  12. Reiss (W.), and Stübel (A.), Hochgebirge der Republik Ecuador. 3 vols. Berlin, 1892–96.Google Scholar
  13. Sievers (W.), Reise in Peru und Ecuador (1909). Munich, 1914.Google Scholar
  14. Simson (Alfred), Travels in the Wilds of Ecuador. London, 1887.Google Scholar
  15. Stabler (J. H.), Travels in Ecuador. Geographical Journal, October, 1917.Google Scholar
  16. Stübel (A.), Die Vulkanberge von Ecuador. [Geology and Topography.] Berlin. 1897.Google Scholar
  17. Ternaux-Compans (L.), Histoire du royaume de Quito. Traduite de l’Espagnol. (Velasco, Historia del reino de Quito.) 2 vols. Paris, 1840.Google Scholar
  18. Whymper (Edward), Travels amongst the Great Andes of the Equator. London, 1892.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Palgrave Macmillan, a division of Macmillan Publishers Limited 1919

Authors and Affiliations

  • John Scott Keltie
  • M. Epstein

There are no affiliations available

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