(República Mexicana.)
  • John Scott Keltie
  • M. Epstein
Part of the The Statesman’s Yearbook book series (SYBK)


Mexico was annexed to the Spanish Crown by conquest in 1521, and for three centuries continued to be governed by Spain. In all 64 Spanish Viceroys ruled the Courts, from Antonio de Mendoza (1535–1650) to Juan O’Donojú (1821–1822). In 1810 the rule of the Spanish Viceroys had become so tyrannical that it caused an outbreak headed by the patriot priest Hidalgo, who on September 15, 1810, declared the Independence of Mexico. On May 18, 1822, General Augustin Iturbide declared himself Emperor of Mexico, but in 1824 he had to flee, and the Republic was established. Several Presidents (Felix Fernandez Victoria, 1824–28, was the first) ruled the destinies of the country with more or less severity until 1864, when the throne of Mexico was offered to Archduke Ferdinand Maximilian of Austria. He was shot in 1867, and Benito Juarez, who had been President in the northern part of the country, took the reins of government. He was followed by Lerdo de Tejada, who in 1876 fled, and General Porfirio Diaz (died July 2, 1915) made his entry into Mexico City. He ruled the country with the exception of four years (1880–4, General Manuel Gonzalez) until May 25, 1911, when he presented his resignation to Congress. On November 6, 1911, Señor Francisco I. Madero assumed office as President and ruled until February, 1913, when a coup d’état took place, resulting in the President’s murder (February 23, 1913) and his replacement by General Victoriano Huerta.


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Statistical and other Books of Reference concerning Mexico

1. Official Publications

  1. Les Etats Unis Mexicains: Leurs Ressources, &c. Par R. de Zayas Enriquez. Mexico, 1899.Google Scholar
  2. Memoria del Secretario del despacho de Fomento, &c. Annual. Mexico.Google Scholar
  3. Mexico: Its Social Evolution. By various writers. 3 vols. Mexico, 1900–04.Google Scholar
  4. Mexico: A Geographical Sketch. Bureau of American Republics. Washington, 1904.Google Scholar
  5. Foreign Office Reports, Annual Series and Miscellaneous Series. London.Google Scholar
  6. Division Territorial de los Estados Unidos Mexicanos (deals with each State). Mexico. 1918.Google Scholar

2. Non-Official Publications

  1. Boletin de la sociedad de geografía y estadística de la República Mexicana. Mexico.Google Scholar
  2. Baedeker’s United States with an Excursion into Mexico. 4th ed. Leipzig, 1909.Google Scholar
  3. Baerlein (Henry). Mexico, the Land of Unrest. London, 1913.Google Scholar
  4. Bancroft (H. H.), A History of Mexico. New York, 1915.Google Scholar
  5. Barron (C. N.), The Mexican Problem Boston, 1918.Google Scholar
  6. Bigot (R.), Le Mexique Moderne. Paris, 1909.Google Scholar
  7. Bonaparte (Prince Roland), and others, Le Mexique au Début du XXe Siècle. Paris, 1904.Google Scholar
  8. Bordeaux (A.), Le Mexique et ses mines d’argent. Paris, 1910.Google Scholar
  9. Carson (W. E.). Mexico; The Wonderland of the South. (Revised edition.) London, 1914.Google Scholar
  10. Correño (A. M.), Compendio de la Historia de la Real Hacienda de Nueva España, escrito en el año de 1794, por D. Joaqaim Maniau. (Sociedad Mexicana de Geograflá y Estadística.) Mexico, 1914.Google Scholar
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  13. Enriquez (R. de Zayas), Los Estados Unidos Mexicanos, 1877–97. New York, 1899.Google Scholar
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  18. George (P.), Das heutige Mexico und Seine Kulturfortschritte. Jena, 1906.Google Scholar
  19. Gillpatrick (W.), Wanderings in Mexico. London, 1912.Google Scholar
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  22. McHugh (R. J.). Modern Mexico. London, 1914.Google Scholar
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  27. Pani (Alberto J.), Hygiene in Mexico. London, 1917.Google Scholar
  28. Périgny (Cte. M. de), Les Etats-unis du Mexique. Paris, 1912.Google Scholar
  29. Pimentel (F.), Obras Completas [on Peoples, Languages, Literature, &c. of Mexico] 5 vols. Mexico, 1903–04.Google Scholar
  30. Prescott (W. H.), History of the Conquest of Mexico. London. (Many editions.)Google Scholar
  31. Rives (G. L.). The United States and Mexico. New York, 1914Google Scholar
  32. Sierra (J.), Mexico; Its Social Evolution. 3 vols. [Eng. Trans.]. Mexico, 190.5.Google Scholar
  33. Singer (J.), Die Mexicanischen Firanzen und Wilson’s Pan-Amerikanische Politik. Berlin, 1914.Google Scholar
  34. Smith (R. W. S), Benighted Mexico. London, 1917.Google Scholar
  35. Southworth (J. R.), The Mines of Mexico. 9 vols. Mexico, 1906.—El Territorio de Baja California. [In Spanish and Englisli.] San Francisco, 1899.Google Scholar
  36. Spence (Lewis), Mexico of the Mexicans. London, 1917.Google Scholar
  37. Stephens (Kate), The Mastering of Mexico. London, 1916.Google Scholar
  38. Terry (P.), Mexico. London, 1911.Google Scholar
  39. Tweedie (Mrs. A.), Mexico as I saw it. London, 1901.—Porflrio Diaz. London, 1906.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Palgrave Macmillan, a division of Macmillan Publishers Limited 1918

Authors and Affiliations

  • John Scott Keltie
  • M. Epstein

There are no affiliations available

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