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Paraguay

  • J. Scott Keltie
Part of the The Statesman’s Yearbook book series (SYBK)

Abstract

The Republic of Paraguay gained its independence from Spanish rule in 1811, and after a short government by two consuls, the supreme power was seized, in 1815, by Dr. José Gaspar Rodriguez Francia, who exercised autocratic sway as dictator till his death, September 20, 1840. Dr. Francia’s reign was followed by an interregnum, which lasted till 1842, when a National Congress, meeting at the capital Asuncion, elected Don Mariano Roque Alonso and Don Carlos Antonio Lopez, joint consuls of the Republic. Another Congress voted, March 13, 1844, a new Constitution, and, March 14, elected Don Carlos Antonio Lopez sole President; he was continued by another election, March 14, 1857. At the death of Don Carlos, September 10, 1862, his son, Don Francisco Solano Lopez, born 1827, succeeded to the supreme power. President Lopez, in 1864, began a dispute with the Government of Brazil, the consequence of which was the entry of a Brazilian army, united with forces of the Argentine Confederation and Uruguay, into the Republic, June 1865. After a struggle of five years, in which Paraguay lost probably 500,000 men, Lopez was defeated and killed at the battle of Cerro Corá, March 1, 1870.

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Copyright information

© Palgrave Macmillan, a division of Macmillan Publishers Limited 1915

Authors and Affiliations

  • J. Scott Keltie
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  1. 1.The Royal Geographical SocietyUK
  2. 2.The Geographical Societie of ScotlandParisFrance
  3. 3.The Geographical Societie of ScotlandBerlinGermany
  4. 4.The Geographical Societie of ScotlandPetrogradRussia
  5. 5.The Geographical Societie of ScotlandMunichGermany
  6. 6.The Geographical Societie of ScotlandRomeItaly
  7. 7.The Geographical Societie of ScotlandLisbonPortugal
  8. 8.The Geographical Societie of ScotlandAmsterdamNetherlands
  9. 9.The Geographical Societie of ScotlandBrusselsBelgium
  10. 10.The Geographical Societie of ScotlandBuda-PestHungary
  11. 11.The Geographical Societie of ScotlandGenevaSwitzerland
  12. 12.The Geographical Societie of ScotlandNeuchatelSwitzerland
  13. 13.The Geographical Societie of ScotlandPhiladelphiaUSA
  14. 14.Commercial Geographical Society of ParisFrance

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