República del Perú
  • J. Scott Keltie
Part of the The Statesman’s Yearbook book series (SYBK)


The Republic of Peru, formerly the most important of the Spanish Viceroyalties in South America, issued its declaration of independence July 28, 1821; but it was not till after a war, protraoted till 1824, that the country gained its actual freedom from Spanish rule. The Republic is politically divided into departments, and the departments into provinces. According to the Constitution proclaimed on November 10,1860, the legislative power is vested in a Senate (52 members) and a House of Representatives, (116 members) the latter composed of deputies of the provinces, in the proportion of one for every 30,000 inhabitants or fraction exceeding 15,000 and the former of representatives in the proportion of four senators for each department which has more than eight provinces; three for each department which has less than eight provinces and more than four; two for each department which has less than five and more than one; one for a department having only one province; and one for the littoral province of Callao. Senators must have an income of 1,000 soles (100l.) a year or belong to a scientific profession; and deputies 500 soles (50l.) a year, or belong to a scientific profession. Both senators and deputies are elected by a direct vote. Every two years one-third of the members of each chamber, as decided by lot, retire. Congress meets annually on July 28, and sits for 90 days only. It may be summoned as often as necessary, but no extraordinary session may last more than 45 days.


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Statistical and other Books of Reference Concerning Fern

1. Official Publications

  1. The publications of the various Government Departments.Google Scholar
  2. Reports on the Trade of Peru in Foreign Office Reports, Annual Series. London.Google Scholar

2. Non-Official Publications

  1. Boletin de la Sociedad Geográflca de Lima. Half-yearly. Lima.—Boletiu del Cuerpo de Ingenieros de Minas del Peru. LimaGoogle Scholar
  2. Ciment (C. B.), and Garcia (R. E.), El Peru en Europa. Lima, 1900.—Geografia Comercial de la America del Sur. 3 vols. Lima.—Guiadel Callao, Lima y sus Alrededores. Lima, 1898.—Monografía del Departamento de la Libertad. Lima, 1900.—Monografia geográflca, Estadística del Departamento de Lima. [The same authors, together or separately, have published several other works on the commerce, products, and industries of Peru.]Google Scholar
  3. Enock (R. C), The Andes and the Amazon: Life and Travel in Peru. London, 1907.—Peru. London, 1908.Google Scholar
  4. Garcia Calderon (P.), Le Pérou Contemporain. Paris, 1907.Google Scholar
  5. Garland (A.), Peru in 1906. Lima, 1907.Google Scholar
  6. Haënke (T.), Descripcion del Peru. Lima, 1901.Google Scholar
  7. Higginson (E.), Mines and Mining in Peru. Lima, 1903.Google Scholar
  8. Hutchinson (T. J.), Two Years in Peru. 2 vols. London, 1874.Google Scholar
  9. Laos (R.), A Handbook of Peru for Investors and Immigrants. Baltimore, 1908.Google Scholar
  10. Markham (C. R.), Travels in Peru and India. London, 1862.—Cuzco and Lima. London, 1858.—Peru. London, 1881.—The War between Peru and Chili, 1879–81. London, 1883.—History of Peru. Chicago.Google Scholar
  11. Martin (P.), Peru of the Twentieth Century. Lonrlon, 1911.Google Scholar
  12. Maurtna (V. M.), The Question of the Pacific [on boundary disputes]. Philadelphia, 1901 Mendiburu (M. de), Diccionario Historico-Biografico del Peru, 8 vols. Callao, 1874–1890.Google Scholar
  13. Middendorf (E. W.), Peru: Beobachtungen und Studien über Das Land und Seine Bewohnern, während eines 25 Jahrigen Aufenthalts. Berlin, 1893.Google Scholar
  14. Paz Soldan (Mariano Felipe), Historia del Perú Independente. 3 vols. 1868 et seqq.—Diccionario Geográfico Estadéstico del Peru. 1877.Google Scholar
  15. Plane (A.), A travers l’Amérique Equatoriale. Paris, 1903.Google Scholar
  16. Prescott (W. H.), History of the Conquest of Peru. London.Google Scholar
  17. Raimondi (A.), El Peru: Estndios Mineralogicos, &c. 4 vols. 1890–1902. Lima.Google Scholar
  18. René-Moreno (G.), Ultimos Dins Coloniales en el Alto Peru, 1807–1808. Santiago de Chile, 1896–98.Google Scholar
  19. Seebee (F.), Travelling Impressions in and Notes on Peru. 2nd ed. London, 1905.Google Scholar
  20. Sqw’er(E. Or.), Peru: Incidents of Travels and Exploration in the Land of the Incas. London, 1877.Google Scholar
  21. Stevenson ( —), Twenty Years in South America 3 vols. London.Google Scholar
  22. Tschudi (Joh. Jakob von), Reisen durch Südamerika. 5 vols. Leipzig, 1866–68.Google Scholar
  23. Wiener (Charles), Pérou et Bolivie. Paris, 1880.Google Scholar
  24. Wright (Marie Robinson), The Old and New Peru. Philadelphia and London, 1909.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Palgrave Macmillan, a division of Macmillan Publishers Limited 1912

Authors and Affiliations

  • J. Scott Keltie

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