República Mexicana
  • J. Scott Keltie
Part of the The Statesman’s Yearbook book series (SYBK)


Mexico was annexed to the Spanish Grown by conquest in 1521, and for three centuries continued to be governed by Spain. In 1810 the rule of the Spanish Viceroys had become so tyrannical that it caused an outbreak headed by the patriot priest Hidalgo, who on September 15, 1810, declared the Independence of Mexico. In 1821 General Augustin Iturbide declared himself Emperor of Mexico, but in 1824 he had to flee, and the Republic was established. Several Presidents ruled the destinies of the country with more or less severity until 1864, when the throne of Mexico was offered to Archduke Ferdinand Maximilian of Austria. He was shot in 1867, and Juarez, who had been President in the northern part of the country, took the reins of government. He was followed by Lerdo de Tigada, who in 1876 fled, and General Porfirio Diaz made Ins entry into Mexico City. He has ruled, the country with the exception of four years (1880–4, General Manuel Gonzalez) until May, 1911, when he presented his resignation to Congress. Señor F. de la Barra acted as President ad interim until the elections had taken place.


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Statistical and other Books of Keference Concerning Mexico

1. Official Publications

  1. The publications issued by the various departments of government.Google Scholar
  2. Les Etats Unis Mexicains: Leurs Ressources, &c. Par R. de Zayas Euríquez. Mexico, 1899.Google Scholar
  3. Memoria del Secretario del despacho de Fomento, &c. Annual. Mexico.Google Scholar
  4. Mexico: Its Social Evolution. By various writers. 3 vols. Mexico, 1900–04.Google Scholar
  5. Mexico: A Geographical Sketch. Bureau of American Republics. Washington, 1904.Google Scholar
  6. Foreign Office Reports, Annual Series and Miscellaneous Series. London.Google Scholar
  7. The Mexican Year-Book, 1011. London, 1911.Google Scholar

2. Non-Official Publications

  1. Boletin de la sociedad de geografia y estadística de la República Mexicana. Mexico Baedeker’s United States with an Excursion into Mexico. 4th ed. Leipzig, 1908.Google Scholar
  2. Bancroft (H. H.), A Popular History of the Mexican People. London.— Resources and Development of Mexico. San Francisco, 1894.Google Scholar
  3. Bonaparte (Prince Roland), and others, Le Mexique au Début du XXe Siécle. Paris, 1904.Google Scholar
  4. Burke (U. R.), Life of Benito Juarez. London. 1894.Google Scholar
  5. Campbell (Rean), Complete Guide and Descriptive Book of Mexico. Chicago, 1904.Google Scholar
  6. El economista Mexicano, weekly. Mexico.Google Scholar
  7. Enock (G. R.). Mexico. London, 1909.Google Scholar
  8. Enriquez (R. de Zayas), Los Estados Unidos Mexicanos, 1877–97. New York, 1899.Google Scholar
  9. Flint (H. M.), Mexíco under Maximilian. Philadelphia, 1867.Google Scholar
  10. George (P.), Das heutige Mexico und Seine Kulturfortschritte. Jena, 1906.Google Scholar
  11. Giupatrick (W.), Wanderings in Mexico. London, 1912.Google Scholar
  12. La Bédolliére ( mile 6. de), Histoire de la guerre du Mexique. Paris, 1866.Google Scholar
  13. Lovet (Ernest), L’Expédition du Mexique (1861–67). 2 vols. Paris, 1906.Google Scholar
  14. Lumholtz (C), Unknown Mexico. London, 1903.Google Scholar
  15. Martin (P. F.), Mexico of the Twentieth Century. 2 vols. London, 1907.—Mexico’s Treasure House. London, 1906.Google Scholar
  16. Moses (B.), Constitution of the United States of Mexico. Philadelphia, 1899.Google Scholar
  17. Pérlgny (Cte. M. de), Les Etats-unis du Mexique. Paris, 1912.Google Scholar
  18. Pimentel (F.), Obras Complétas [on Peoples, Languages, Literature, &c. of Mexico. 5 vols. Mexico, 1903–04.Google Scholar
  19. Prescott (W. H.), History of the Conquest of Mexico London.Google Scholar
  20. Schiess (W.), Quer durch Mexico., Berlin, 1902.Google Scholar
  21. Sierra (J.), Mexico; Its Social Evolution. 3 vols. [Eng. Trans.]. Mexico, 1905.Google Scholar
  22. Southworth (J. R.), The Mines of Mexico. 9 vols. Mexico, 1905.—El Territorio de la Baja California. [In Spanish and English.] San Francisco, 1899.Google Scholar
  23. Terry (P.), Mexico. London, 1911.Google Scholar
  24. Tweedie (Mrs. A.), Mexico as I saw it. London, 1901.—I’orflrio Diaz. London, 1906.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Palgrave Macmillan, a division of Macmillan Publishers Limited 1912

Authors and Affiliations

  • J. Scott Keltie

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