• J. Scott Keltie
Part of the The Statesman’s Yearbook book series (SYBK)


The present Constitution of Mexico bears date February 5, 1857, with subsequent modifications down to May 1908. By its terms Mexico is declared a federative republic, divided into States—19 at the outset, but at present 27 in number, with 3 territories and the Federal District—each of which has a right to manage its own local affairs, while the whole are bound together in one body politic by fundamental and constitutional laws. The powers of the supreme Government are divided into three branches, the legislative, executive, and judicial. The legislative power is vested in a Congress consisting of a House of Representatives and a Senate, and the executive in a President. Representatives are elected for two years by the suffrage of all respectable male adults, at the rate of one member for 40,000 inhabitants. The qualifications requisite are, to be twenty-five years of age, and a resident in the State. The Senate consists of fifty-six members, two for each State, of at least thirty years of age, who are returned in the same manner as the deputies. The members of both Houses receive salaries of 3,000 dollars a year. The President is elected by electors popularly chosen in a general election, holds office for six years, and, according to an amendment of the Constitution in 1887, may be elected for consecutive terms. The election of the Vice-President takes place in the same manner and at the same date as that of the President. The Vice-President is ex officio President of the Senate, with a voice in the discussions but without vote. Failing the President through absence or otherwise, the Vice-President discharges the functions of the President. Failing both, Congress shall call for new elections to be held at once. Congress has to meet annually from April 1 to May 31, and from September 16 to December 15, and a permanent committee of both Houses sits during the recesses.


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Statistical and other Books of Reference concerning Mexico

1. Official Publications

  1. The publications issued by the various departments of government.Google Scholar
  2. Les Etats Unis Mexicains: Leurs Ressources, &c. Par R. de Zayas Enriquez. Mexico, 1899.Google Scholar
  3. Memoria del Secretario del despacho de Fomento, &c. Annual. Mexico.Google Scholar
  4. Mexico: Its Social Evolution. By various writers. 3 vols. Mexico, 1900–04.Google Scholar
  5. Mexico: A Geographical Sketch. Bureau of American Republics. Washington, 1904.Google Scholar
  6. Foreign Office Reports, Annual Series and Miscellaneous Series. London.Google Scholar
  7. The Mexican Year-Book, 190S. London, 1908.Google Scholar

2. Non-Official Publications

  1. Boletin de la sociedad de geografia y estadistica de la República Mexicana. Mexico.Google Scholar
  2. Baedeker’s United States with an Excursion into Mexico. 4th ed. Leipzig, 1908.Google Scholar
  3. Bancroft (H. H.), A Popular History of the Mexican People. London.—Resources and Development of Mexico. San Francisco, 1894.Google Scholar
  4. Bonaparte (Prince Roland), and others, Le Mexique au Début du;XXe Siècle. Paris, 1904.Google Scholar
  5. Burke (U. R.), Life of Benito Juarez. London, 1894.Google Scholar
  6. Campbell (Rean), Complete Guide and Descriptive Book of Mexico. Chicago, 1904.Google Scholar
  7. El economista Mexieano, weekly. Mexico.Google Scholar
  8. Enoch (C. R.). Mexico. London, 1909.Google Scholar
  9. Enriquez (R. de Zayas), Los Estados Unidos Mcxicanos, 1877–97. New York, 1899.Google Scholar
  10. Flint (H. M.), Mexico under Maximilian. Philadelphia, 1867.Google Scholar
  11. George (P.), Das heutige Mexico und Seine Kulturfortschritte. Jena, 1906.Google Scholar
  12. La Bédolliere (Emile G. de), Histoire de la guerre du Mexique. Paris, 1866.Google Scholar
  13. Lovet (Ernest), L’Expédition du Mexique (1861–67). 2 vols. Paris, 1906.Google Scholar
  14. Lumholtz (C.), Unknown Mexico. London, 1903.Google Scholar
  15. Martin (P. F.), Mexico of the Twentieth Century. 2 vols. London, 1907.—Mexico’s Treasure House. London, 1906.Google Scholar
  16. Moses (B.), Constitution of the United States of Mexico. Philadelphia, 1899.Google Scholar
  17. Pimentel (F.), Obras Completas [on Peoples, Languages, Literature, &c. of Mexico. 5 vols. Mexico, 1903–04.Google Scholar
  18. Prescott (W. H.), History of the Conquest of Mexico. London.Google Scholar
  19. Schiess (W.), Quer durch Mexico. Berlin, 1902.Google Scholar
  20. Sierra (J.), Mexico; Its Social Evolution. 3 vols. [Eng. Trans.]. Mexico, 1905.Google Scholar
  21. Southworth (J. R.), The Mines of Mexico. 9 vols. Mexico, 1905.—El Territorio de la Baja California. [In Spanish and English.] San Francisco, 1899.Google Scholar
  22. Tweedie (Mrs. A.), Mexico as I saw it. London, 1901.—Porfirio Diaz. London, 1906Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Palgrave Macmillan, a division of Macmillan Publishers Limited 1910

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  • J. Scott Keltie

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