Estados Unidos do Brazil
  • J. Scott Keltie
Part of the The Statesman’s Yearbook book series (SYBK)


Brazil became a Portuguese settlement in 1531. On the French invasion of Portugal, in 1807, the Portuguese Royal family fled to Brazil ; in 1813 the colony was declared ‘a kingdom.’ The Portuguese Court having returned to Europe in 1821, a national congress assembled at Rio de Janeiro, and on May 13, 1822, Dom Pedro, eldest surviving son of King Joãb VI. of Portugal, was chosen ‘Perpetual Defender’ of Brazil. He proclaimed the independence of the country on September 7, 1822, and was chosen ‘Constitutional Emperor and Perpetual Defender’ on October 12 following. In 1831 he abdicated the crown in favour of his only son, Dom Pedro II., who reigned as Emperor until November 15, 1889, when by a revolution he was dethroned, and he 1 and his family exiled, and Brazil declared a Republic under the title of the United States of Brazil.


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Statistical and other Books of Reference

1. Official Publications

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Copyright information

© Palgrave Macmillan, a division of Macmillan Publishers Limited 1909

Authors and Affiliations

  • J. Scott Keltie

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