Argentine Republic

República Argentina
  • J. Scott Keltie
Part of the The Statesman’s Yearbook book series (SYBK)


The Constitution of the Argentine Republic, formerly known by the name of ‘ Provincias Unidas del Rio de la Plata,’ bears date May. 15, 1853, with modifications in, 1862, after Buenos Aires had joined the confederacy. By its provisions, the executive power is left to a President, elected for six years by representatives of the fourteen provinces, equal to double the number of senators and deputies combined; while the legislative authority is vested in a National Congress, consisting of a Senate and a House of Deputies, the former numbering 30, two from the capital and from each province, elected by a special body of electors in the capital, and by the legislatures in the provinces; and the latter 120 members elected by the people. By the Constitution there should be one deputy for every 33,000 inhabitants. A deputy must be 25 years of age, and have been a, citizen for-four years. The deputies are elected for four years, but one-half of the House must retire every two years. Senators must be 30 years of age, have been citizens for six years. One-third of the Senate is renewed every three years. The two chambers meet annually from May 1 to September 30. The members of both the Senate and the House of Deputies are paid for their services, each receiving 12,000 pesos per annum (about 1,060..). A Vice-President, elected in the same manner and at the same time as the President, fills the office of Chairman, of the Senate, but has otherwise no political power. The President is commander-in-chief of the troops, and appoints to all civil, military, and judicial offices, and has the right of presentation to bishoprics; he is responsible with the Ministry for the acts of the executive; both President and Vice-President must be Roman Catholics, Argentina by birth, and cannot be re-elected.


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Statistical and other Books of Reference concerning the Argentine Republic

1. Official Publications

  1. Annual Statement of the Trade of the United Kingdom with Foreign Countries and British Possessions. Imp. 4. London.Google Scholar
  2. Argentine-Chilian Boundary; Report presented to the British Arbitration Tribunal on behalf of the Argentine Government. 5 vols. London, 1900.Google Scholar
  3. Boletin mensual de estadística municipal de la ciudad de Buenos Aires.Google Scholar
  4. Boletin de Agricultura y Ganaderia. Buenos Aires.Google Scholar
  5. Segundo Censo de la Republica Argentina, Mayo 10 de 1895. 2 vols. Buenos Aires, 1898.Google Scholar
  6. Datos trimestrales del comercio exterior de la República Argentina. Buenos Aires.Google Scholar
  7. Estadistica general del comercio exterior de la República Argentina. Annual. Buenos Aires.Google Scholar
  8. Foreign Office Reports. Annual Series. London.Google Scholar
  9. Handbook of the Argentine Republic, Bulletin issued by the Bureau of the American Republics. Washington, 1903.Google Scholar
  10. Higiene Publica, Anales de. Monthly. Buenos Aires.Google Scholar
  11. Informe presentado á la Oflcina de Estadística de Buenos Aires. Annual. Buenos AiresGoogle Scholar
  12. Informes del Dclegado Argentino. 2 vols. Paris, 1890.Google Scholar
  13. Informe sobre el estado de la educacion comun, durante el Año de 1891. By Dr. Benjamin Zorrilla. Buenos Aires, 1893.Google Scholar
  14. Informe sobre devda pública, bancos, &c, por P. Agote. Año vii. Buenos Aires, 1896.Google Scholar
  15. Instituto Geografico Argentino, Boletin del. Buenos Aires.Google Scholar
  16. L’Agriculture l’Elevage, l’Industrie, et le Commerce dans la Province de Buenos Aires in 1895. Buenos Aires, 1897.Google Scholar
  17. Ligeros apuntes sobre el clima de la República Argentina, por el Director de la oflcina meteorológicaGualterio G. Davis. Buenos Aires, 1889.Google Scholar
  18. Map of the Argentine Republic. With a short description of the country. Published by the Argentine Government Information Office.Google Scholar
  19. Museo de La Plata. Anales and Revista.Google Scholar
  20. Annual Reports (Memorias) presented to Congress by the various Ministers of State, Buenos Aires.Google Scholar
  21. Registro estadástico de la Provincia de Buenos Aires. Fol. Buenos Aires, 1898.Google Scholar
  22. Sociedad Rural Argentina. Anales.Google Scholar

2. Non-Official Publications

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  9. Crawfor. (A.), Across the Pampas and the Andes. London, 1884.Google Scholar
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  12. Dodd. (J.), Records of the Scottish Settlers on the River Plate. Buenos Aires 1897.Google Scholar
  13. Domíngue. (L. L.), Historia Argentina. 4th edit. Buenos Aires, 1870.Google Scholar
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  18. Kle. (C. L.), Estudios sobre Produccion, &c, de la Republica Argentina. 2 vols. Buenos Aires, 1900.Google Scholar
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  20. Köni. (A.), A través de la República Argentina. Santiago, 1890.Google Scholar
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  22. Martine. (Alberto B.), Manual del Viajero. 2nd ed. Buenos Aires, 1904. (Martine., A B.), and Lewandowsk. (M.), L’Argentine au XXe Siécle. Paris, 1906.Google Scholar
  23. Marten. (P.), Süd-Amerika unter besonderer Berücksichtigung Argentiniens. Berlin 1899.Google Scholar
  24. Mier. (John), Travels in Chile and La Plata. 2 vols. London, 1826.Google Scholar
  25. Mitr. (Bartolomé), Historia de San Martin. 4 vols. 8. Paris and Buenos Aires, 1890.Google Scholar
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  33. Prichar. (H. H.), Through the Heart of Patagonia. London, 1902.Google Scholar
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  36. Review of the River Plate. Weekly. Buenos Aires.Google Scholar
  37. Rose. (E. von), Archæological Researches on the Frontier of Argentina and Bolivia, 1901–02. Stockholm, 1904.Google Scholar
  38. Rumbol. (Sir H.), The Great Silver River. London, 1888.Google Scholar
  39. Saldía. (Adolfo), Rozas y su Epoca. 2nd ed. 5 vols. Buenos Aires, 1892.Google Scholar
  40. Sarmient. (Domingo Faustino), Life in the Argentine Republic in the Days of the Tyrants. Translated by Mrs. H. Mann. London, 1868.Google Scholar
  41. Seebe. (F.), Great Argentina: Comparative Studies between Argentina, Brazil, Chile Peru, Uruguay, Bolivia and Paraguay. Buenos Aires, 1904.Google Scholar
  42. Turne. (T. A.), Argentina and the Argentines. London, 1892.Google Scholar
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  44. Vaul. (Comte de), Voyage en Patagonie. Paris, 1900.Google Scholar
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  46. Wallac. (Prof.), Argentine Shows and Livestock. Edinburgh, 1904.Google Scholar
  47. Wiene. (C.), La République Argentine. Paris, 1899.Google Scholar
  48. Wilcock. (S. H.), History of the Vice-Royalty of Buenos Aires. London, 1806.Google Scholar
  49. Zaballo. (E. de), Descripcion Amena de la República Argentina. 3 vols. Buenos Aires, 1881.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Palgrave Macmillan, a division of Macmillan Publishers Limited 1908

Authors and Affiliations

  • J. Scott Keltie

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