Advertisement

China

Ta Ch’ing Kuo—Chung Kuo
  • J. Scott Keltie
Part of the The Statesman’s Yearbook book series (SYBK)

Abstract

Tsai-t’ie., born August 2, 1872, son of Yi-huan Prince Ch‘un, who was seventh son of the Emperor Tao-kuang and brother of the Emperor Hsien-fêng. Succeeded to the throne under the title of Kuang-hsi. on the death of his cousin the Emperor T‘ung-chih, January 22, 1875. Came of age and assumed government nominally in March, 1887; married February 26, 1889. From the date of his marriage up to September, 1898, he was to a considerable extent the real and not merely the nominal head of the state, but in consequence of a rather erratic tendency to reform disclosed by a succession of decrees issued in that month, the Empress Dowager (see below) resumed power, and she has been the potential ruler of China ever since.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Statistical and other Books of Reference concerning Chinese Empire

1. China Official Publications

  1. Correspondence respecting the affairs of China (1 and 2, 1899, and 1, 1900).—Correspondence respecting the Disturbances in China (3, 1900, and 1, 1901). London, 1899–1901.— Correspondence respecting China, Nos. 1. 2, and 3, 1902. London.Google Scholar
  2. Customs Gazette, Shanghai; published quarterly. Returns of Trade at the Treaty Ports in China. Part I. Abstracts of Trade and Customs Revenue Statistics. Part II. Statistics of each Pert. Shanghai, published yearly. Imperial Maritime Customs Publications:— I. Statistical Series, Customs Gazette (quarterly), Returns of Trade Part I. Abstracts; Part II. Statistics of each Port; II. Special Series, Medical, &c.; III. Miscellaneous Series, Lighthouses. Shanghai. A continuation of Statistical Series, 1904, contains Report on the Working of the Post Office.Google Scholar
  3. Decennial Reports, 1892 to 1901. Shanghai, 1903.Google Scholar
  4. Foreign Office Reports. Annual and Miscellaneous Series. London. [For Chinese Imperial Finance see Consul Jamieson’s Report, Miscellaneous Series, No. 415. London, 1897.]Google Scholar
  5. Progress of Educational Reform in China. By E. T. “Williams. In Annual Report of the U.S. Commissioner of Education for 1905. Washington, D. C., 1907.Google Scholar
  6. Treaties between Great Britain and China, by Sir E. Hertslet. 2 vols. London. 1896 —Treaties between the Empire of China and Foreign Powers, with Regulations for Trade, &c. Shanghai, 1902.Google Scholar

Non-Official Publications

  1. Bal. (J. D.), Things Chinese. 4th edit. London, 1904.Google Scholar
  2. Bar. (M. E.), Les Chinois chez eux. Paris, 1899.Google Scholar
  3. Bastia. (Dr. A.), Die Völker des östlichen Asiens. 6 vols. 8. Jena, 1866–71.Google Scholar
  4. Beaulie. (P. Leroy), La Renovation de l’Asie (Sibérie, Chine, Japon). Paris, 1900.— The Awakening of the East (Eng. Trans.). London, 1900.Google Scholar
  5. Bigha. (C.), A Year in China, 1899–1900. London, 1901.Google Scholar
  6. Birc. (J. G.), Travels in North and Central China. London, 1902.Google Scholar
  7. Bisho. (Mrs. Isabella), The Yangtze Valley and Beyond. London, 1899.—Pictures from China. London, 1900.Google Scholar
  8. Boulge. (B. C), History of China. 2nd edit. 2 vols. London, 1898.—A Short History of China. New ed. London, 1900.Google Scholar
  9. Brand. (M. von), Aus dem Lande des Zopfes. Leipzic, 1894. Ostasiatische Fragen, Leipzic, 1897.—Dreiunddreissig Jahre in Ost Asien. Leipzig, 1901.Google Scholar
  10. Brow. (A. J.), New Forces in Old China. New York, 1904.Google Scholar
  11. Bruc. (Major C. D.), In the Footsteps of Marco Polo. London, 1907.Google Scholar
  12. Car. (K. A.), With the Empress-Dowager of China. London, 1906.Google Scholar
  13. Carl. (Mario), Il Ce-Kiang,Studio geographico-economico. Roma, 1899.Google Scholar
  14. China Review. Hong Kong. China Recorder. Shanghai.Google Scholar
  15. Chin. (Wen), The Chinese Crisis from Within. London, 1901.Google Scholar
  16. Colquhou. (A. R.), Across Chryse: from Canton to Mandalay. 2 vols. London, 1888.— China in Traneformation. London, 1898.—The ‘Overland’ to China. London, 1900 — The Problem in China and British Policy. London, 1900.Google Scholar
  17. Cordie. (H.), Les Origines des deux établissements français, Changhaï et Ningpo. Paris, 1896.—Histoire des Relations de la Chine avec les Puissances Occidentales (1860–1900). 2 vols. Paris, 1901–02.Google Scholar
  18. Cornab., China under Searchlight. London, 1901.Google Scholar
  19. Gurzo. (G. N.), Problems of the Far East. New. ed. 8. London, 1896.Google Scholar
  20. Davi. (Abbé A.), Journal de mon troisième voyage d’exploration dans l’empire chinois 2 vols. 18. Paris, 1875Google Scholar
  21. Doflei. (F.). Ostasienfahrt: Erlebnisse und Beobachtungen... in China, Japan und Ceylon. Leipzig, 1906.Google Scholar
  22. Dougla. (R. K.), Confucianism and Taouism. London, 1893.—Society in China. 8. London, 1894.—Li Hung Chang. London, 1895.—China. In’ story of the Nations’ Series. 2nd ed. London, 1900.—Europe and the Far East. Cambridge, 1904.Google Scholar
  23. Drak. (S. B.), Among the Dark-haired Race in the Flowery Land. London, 1897.Google Scholar
  24. Duboi. (M.) et Gu. (C.), Album Géographique. Tome II. Paris, 1897.Google Scholar
  25. Dyc. (C. M), Personal Reminiscences of Thirty Years’ Residence in the Model Settlement, Shanghai, 1870–1900. London, 1906.Google Scholar
  26. Edkin. (J.), Religion in China. 3rd edit. 8. London, 1880.Google Scholar
  27. Edward. (N. P.), The Story of China. London, 1900.Google Scholar
  28. Ehler. (O. E.), Im Osten Asiens. 3rd edit. Berlin, 1896.Google Scholar
  29. European Settlements in the Far East. Loudo., 1900.Google Scholar
  30. Favie. (Alph.), Péking, Histoire et Description. Peking, 1897.Google Scholar
  31. Gil. (Captain), The River of Golden Sand. 2 vols. London. 1880.Google Scholar
  32. Gordo. (General), Events in the Taeping Rebellion. London, 1884.Google Scholar
  33. Gors. (H. E.), China. London, 1899.Google Scholar
  34. Gran. (Sir J. Hope), Life of. 2 vols. Edinburgh, 1894.Google Scholar
  35. Gra. (Ven. John Henry), China: a History of the Laws, Manners, and Customs of the People. 2 vols. 8. London 1878.Google Scholar
  36. Gundr. (R. S.), China and her Neighbours. 8. London, 1895. China Past and Present.Google Scholar
  37. Hackman. (L. H.), Vom Omi bis Bhamo. Halle a. S., 1905. London, 1895.Google Scholar
  38. Hak. (A. G.), The Story of Chinese Gordon. London, 1884. Gordon in China and the Soudan. London, 1896.Google Scholar
  39. Hard. (E J.), John Chinaman at Home. London, 1905Google Scholar
  40. Har. (Sir R.), These from the Land of Sinim. London, 1901.Google Scholar
  41. Hrig. (F.), China, seine Dynastien, Verwaltung, und Verfassung. Berlin, 1900.Google Scholar
  42. Holcomb. (C.), The Chinese Problem. New York, 1900.Google Scholar
  43. Hosi. (A.), Three Years in Western China. New ed. London, 1897.Google Scholar
  44. Hours. (Lieut.), Dans les Rapides au Fleuve Bleu. Paris, 1904.Google Scholar
  45. Hu. (L’Abbé E. R.), L’empire chinois. 2 vols. 8. 4th ed. Paris, 1862.Google Scholar
  46. lrelan. (A.), China and the Powers. Boston, Mass., 1900.Google Scholar
  47. Jac. (R. L.), The Back Blocks of China. London, 1904.Google Scholar
  48. Jagatjit Sing. (H.H. the Raja-i-Rajgan of Kapurthala), My Travels in China, Japan, and Java in 1903. London, 1905.Google Scholar
  49. Jerniga., (T. R.), China in Law and Commerce. New York, 1905.Google Scholar
  50. Johnsto. (J.), China and its Future. London. 1899.Google Scholar
  51. Kean. (Prof. A. H.), Asia. Vol. I. New ed. London, 1906.Google Scholar
  52. Ken. (P. H.), Railway Enterprise in China. London, 1907.Google Scholar
  53. Kraus. (A.), China in Decay. 3rd ed. London, 1900.—The Story of the Chinese Crisis. London, 1900.—The Far East: Its History and its Question. London, 1901.Google Scholar
  54. Lane-Pool. (S.), Life of Sir Harry Parkes, K.C.B. 2 vols. 8. London, 1894.Google Scholar
  55. Lavollé. (C.), Franee et Chine. Paris, 1900.Google Scholar
  56. Legg. (J.), Chinese Classics, with Translations, Prolegomena, &c. New ed. 7 vols. Oxford, 1893.Google Scholar
  57. Lero. (H.), En.Chine, Sehely. Paris, 1900.Google Scholar
  58. Littl. (A.), Through the Yangtse Gorges, or Trade and Travel in Western China. 3rd ed. London, 1898.—Mount Omi and Beyond. London, 1901.—The Far East. Oxford, 1905.Google Scholar
  59. Littl. (Mrs. A.). Intimate China. London, 1899.—The Land of tbe Blue Gown. 2nd ed. London, 1902.—Out in China. London, 1902.—Round my Peking Garden. London, 1906Google Scholar
  60. Loc. (Hy. Brougham), A Personal Narrative of Occurrences during Lord Elgin’s Second Embassy to China in 1860. 3rd ed. London, 1900.Google Scholar
  61. MacGowa. (J.),Picturesof Southern China. London, 1897.—History of China. London, 1897.—Sidelights on Chinese Life. London, 1907.Google Scholar
  62. MacMaho. (A. R.), Far Cathay and Farther India. 8. London, 1893.Google Scholar
  63. Madroll. (C.), Les Peuples et les Langues do la Chine Meridionale. Paris, 1898.— Hainan. Paris, 1900.—Chine du Nord et de l’Ouest, Corée, le Trans-sibérien. Chine du Sud et de l’Est Ports du Japon (Guide Books). Paris, 1904.Google Scholar
  64. Maha. (A. T.), The Problem of Asia. London, 1900.Google Scholar
  65. Marti. (W. A. P.), A Cycle of Cathay. Edinburgh, 1896.—The Siege in Pekin. Edinburgh, 1900.—The Lore of Cathay. Edinburgh, 1901.—The Awakening of China London, 1907.Google Scholar
  66. Matigno. (J. J.), Superstition, Crime, Misère en Chine. Paris, 1905.Google Scholar
  67. Mayer. (W. F.), The Chinese Government. London, 1903.Google Scholar
  68. Mayer. (S. F.), The Higher Metropolitan and Provincial Authorities of China. Shanghai, 1907.Google Scholar
  69. Mesn. (W.), Chinese Miscellany. 2 vols. Shanghai, 1896–97.Google Scholar
  70. Michi. (A.), The Englishman in China (Sir R. Alcock). 2 vols. Edinburgh, 1900.Google Scholar
  71. Mission yonnaise d’Exploration en Chine, 1895–97. Lyon, 1898.Google Scholar
  72. Mors. (H. B.), The Trade and Administration of the Chinese Empire. London, 1908.Google Scholar
  73. Moul. (A. E), New China and Old. London, 1902.Google Scholar
  74. Mounie. (M.), LeDrame Chinois. Paris, 1900.Google Scholar
  75. Navarr. (B.), China und die Chinesen. 2 vols. Bremen, 1901.Google Scholar
  76. Nichol. (F. H.), Through Hidden Shensi. London, 1902.Google Scholar
  77. Nonma. (H.), Peoples and Politics of the Far East. London, 1895.Google Scholar
  78. Obrutsehe. (V. A), Aus China: Reiseerlebnisse. 2 vols. 8. 1896.—The New Capital (Singan-fu) of China and the Routes to it from the Yellow Sea (in Russian St. Petersburg, 1901).Google Scholar
  79. Oliphan. (L.), Lord ‘Elgin’s Mission to China and Japan, 1856–59. 2 vols. 8. London, 1860.Google Scholar
  80. Oxenha. (E. L.), Historical Atlas of the Chinese Empire. 2nd ed. Loudon, 1898.Google Scholar
  81. Parke. (E. H.), China, her History, Diplomacy, and Commerce. London, 1901.—John Chinaman and a few Others. London, 1901.—China Past and Present. London, 1903.—China and Religion. London, 1905.Google Scholar
  82. Parson. (B.), An American Engineer iu China. New York, 1901.Google Scholar
  83. Perciva. (W. S.), Twenty Years in the Far East. London, 1905.Google Scholar
  84. Pino. (R. J. de M.), La Chine qui s’ouvre. Paris, 1900.Google Scholar
  85. Planehu. (E.), China and the Chinese. [Eng. Translation.] London, 1899.Google Scholar
  86. Playfai. (G. M. H.), Cities and Towns of China. Hong Kong, 1879.Google Scholar
  87. Bead. (O. G.), Life and Sport in China. London, 1903.Google Scholar
  88. Reclu. (Elisée), Nouvelle géographie universelle. Tome VII. Paris, 1882.—L’Empire du Milieu. Paris, 1901.Google Scholar
  89. Richar. (P. L.), Geographie de l’Empire de Chine. T’ou-sé-wé, China, 1905.Google Scholar
  90. Richthofe. (Ferd. von), China: Ergebnisse eigener Reisen und darauf gegründeter Studien. Vols. I., II. and IV., and Atlas. 4. Berlin, 1877–85.Google Scholar
  91. Richthofe. (Ferd. von), Letters on the Provinces of Chekiang and Nganhwei; and on Nanking and Chinkiang. 4. Shanghai, 1871.Google Scholar
  92. Roche. (E.), La province chinoise de Yünnan. Paris, 1880.Google Scholar
  93. Rockhil. (W. W.), Inquiry into the Population of China. (From Smithsonian Muse. Coll., vol. 47, pt. 3). Washington, 1904.Google Scholar
  94. Scidmor. (Eliza R.). China, the Long-lived Empire. New York, 1900.Google Scholar
  95. Scot. (Grace), Twenty-six Years of Missionary Work in China. London, 1897.Google Scholar
  96. Scot. (R. W. R.), The People of China. London, 1900.Google Scholar
  97. Selb. (T. G.), Chinamen at Home. London, 1900.Google Scholar
  98. Simo. (E.), China: Religious, Political, and Social. London, 1887.Google Scholar
  99. Slade. (Major E. B.), Official Narrative of the Expedition to explore the Trade Routes to China via Bhamo. 8. Calcutta, 1870.Google Scholar
  100. Smit. (A. H.), Chinese Characteristics. 2d. ed. 8. London, 1895.—Village Life in China. New York, 1899.—China in Convulsion. 2 vols. Edinburgh, 1901.Google Scholar
  101. Templ. (Sir R.), Population Statistics of China, in Journal of the Statist. Soc. vol. 48, 1885, p. 1.Google Scholar
  102. Thomso. (J.), Through China with a Camera. 2nd ed. London, 1899.Google Scholar
  103. Tiesee. (E.), China, das Reich der achtzehn Provinzen. Berlin, 1902.Google Scholar
  104. Townle. (Lady Susan), My Chinese Note Book. London, 1904.Google Scholar
  105. Ula. (A.), A Russo-Chinese Empire. [Trans, from the French.] London, 1904.Google Scholar
  106. Vladimi., The China-Japanese War. London, 1895.Google Scholar
  107. William. (Dr. S. Wells), The Middle Kingdom: a Survey of the Geography, Government, &c, of the Chinese Empire. New ed. 2 vols. London, 1899.—A History of China: Being the Historical Chapters from ‘The Middle Kingdom,’ with a Chapter on Recent Events by F. Wells Williams. London, 1897.Google Scholar
  108. Wilso. (J. H.). Travels and Investigations in the Middle Kingdom. New York, 1888.Google Scholar
  109. Wol. (E.), Meine Wanderungen. I. Im innern Chinas. Stuttgart and Leipzig, 1901.Google Scholar
  110. Younghusban. (F. E.), The Heart of a Continent: Travels in Manchuria, &c. 8. 1696. —Among the Celestials. London, 1898.Google Scholar

2. Chinese Dependencies Manchuria

  1. Aner. (E. E.). Puteshestviye po Manchurii. St. Petersburg, 1904.Google Scholar
  2. Hosi. (A.), Manchuria: its People, Resources, and Recent History. London, 1901.Google Scholar
  3. Jame. (H. E. M.). The Long White Mountain, or a Journey in Manchuria. London, 1888.Google Scholar
  4. Littl. (A.), The Far East. Oxford, 1905.Google Scholar
  5. Orlof. (N. A.), Die Eroberung der Mandschurei durch die Transbaikal-Kosaken im Jahre 1900. [Trans, from Russ.] Strassburg, 1904.—Die Mandschurei. [Trans, from Russ.] Berlin, 1904.Google Scholar
  6. Podznéef. (A.), Opisanie Manchurii. 2 vols. St. Petersburg, 1897.Google Scholar
  7. Ros. (Rev. J.), The Manchus; or the Reigning Dynasty of China, their Rise and Progress, London, 1880.Google Scholar
  8. Seama. (L. L.), From Tokio through Manchuria with the Japanese. New York, 1905.Google Scholar
  9. Weal. (B. L. P.), Manchu and Muscovite. London, 1904.—The Re-shaping o the Far East. London, 1905.—Tho Truce in the East and its Aftermath. London, 1907.—The Coming Struggle in Eastern Asia. London, 1908.Google Scholar
  10. Whigha. (H. J.), Manchuria and Korea. London, 1904.Google Scholar
  11. Williamso. (Rev. A.), Journeys in North China, Manchuria, and Eastern Mongolia. With some Account of Corea. 2 vols. 8. London, 1870.Google Scholar

Tibet

  1. Papers on Tibet. Cd. 1920. London, 1904.—Further Papers on Tibet. Cd. 20 London, 1904.—Further Papers on Tibet. No. III., Cd. 2870. London, 1905.Google Scholar
  2. Bowe. (H.), Diary of a Journey across Tibet. 8. London, 1894.Google Scholar
  3. Candle. (E.), On the Road to Lhasa.—The Unveiling of Lhasa. London, 1905.Google Scholar
  4. Crosb. (O. T.), Tibet and Turkestan. London, 1906.Google Scholar
  5. Da. (Sarat Chandra), Journey to Lhasa and Central Tibet. London, 1902.Google Scholar
  6. Deas. (H. H. P.), In Tibet and Chinese Turkestan. London, 1901.Google Scholar
  7. Dunca. (Jane E.), A Summer Ride through Western Tibet. London, 1906.Google Scholar
  8. Filchne. (W.), Das Kloster Kumbum in Tibet. Berlin, 1906.Google Scholar
  9. Filchne. (W.), Das Rätzel des Matschu. Meine Tibet Expedition. Berlin, 1907.Google Scholar
  10. Gensho. (A.), Unter Chinesen und Tibetanern, Rostock, 1905.Google Scholar
  11. Gerar. (F.), Tibet: The Country and its Inhabitants, [Trans, from the French.] London, 1904.Google Scholar
  12. Graha. (J. A.), On the Threshold of Three Cloud Lands. London, 1897.Google Scholar
  13. Hedi. (Sven), Through Asia. 2 vols. London, 1898.—Central Asia and Tibet. 2 vols. London, 1903.—Adventures in Tibet, London, 1904Google Scholar
  14. Holdic. (Sir T.), Tibet the Mysterious. In’ story of Exploration’ Series. London 1906.Google Scholar
  15. Hu. (L’Abbé E. R.), Travels in Tartary, Thibet, and China, 1884–86. Translated from the French. 2 vols. London, 1898.Google Scholar
  16. Lando. (P.), Lhasa: The Tibet Expedition, 1903–04. 2nd ed. London, 1906.Google Scholar
  17. Lando. (A. H. S.), In the Forbidden Land. [Tibet.] London, 1899.—China and the Allies. 2 vols. London, 1901.Google Scholar
  18. Lansdel. (H.), Chinese Central Asia: a Ride to Little Tibet. 2 vote. London, 1893.Google Scholar
  19. Launa. (A.), Histoire de la Mission du Thibet. 2 vols. Paris.Google Scholar
  20. Marsto. (Annie W.), The Great Closed Land (Tibet). 8. London, 1894.Google Scholar
  21. Millingto. (P.), To Lhasa at Last. London, 1905.Google Scholar
  22. Pyevtsof. (M. V.), Results of the Tibet Expedition of 1889–90. [In Russian.] St. Petersburg, 1896.Google Scholar
  23. Prat. (A. E.), To the Snows of Tibet through China. 8. London, 1892.Google Scholar
  24. Bawlin. (C. G.), The Great Plateau. London, 1905.Google Scholar
  25. Rijnhar. (S. C.), With the Tibetans in Tent and Temple. London, 1901.Google Scholar
  26. Bockhil. (W. W.), The Land of the Lamas. London, 1891.Google Scholar
  27. Sandber. (G.), The Exploration of Tibet. London, 1904.—Tibet and the Tibetans, London, 1906.Google Scholar
  28. Sherrin. (O. A.), Western Tibet and the British Borderland. London, 1906.Google Scholar
  29. Waddel. (L. A.), The Buddism of Tibet. 8. London, 1695.—Llassa and its Mysteries. 3rd ed. London, 1906.Google Scholar
  30. Wegene. (Gg.), Tibet und die englishche Expedition. Berlin, 1904.Google Scholar
  31. Wellb. (M. S.), Through Unknown Tibet. London, 1898.Google Scholar

Chinese Turkestan

  1. Churc. B. W.), Chinese Turkestan with Caravan and Rifle, Loudon, 1901.Google Scholar
  2. Huntingto. (Ellsworth), The Pulse of Asia. London, 1908.Google Scholar
  3. Merzbache. (G.), An Expedition into the Central Tian Shan Mountains. London, 1905.Google Scholar
  4. Stei. (M. A.), The Sand-Buried Ruins of Khotan. London, 1903.—Ancient Khotan 2 vols. Oxford, 1907.Google Scholar
  5. Taylo. (Miss A.), Travel and Adventure in Tibet. London, 1902.Google Scholar

Mongolia

  1. Campbel. (C. W.), Journeys in Mongolia, In Geogr. Journal for November, 1903.— Report on a Journey in Mongolia. China. No. 1. 1904. See als. China. No. 3. 1964.Google Scholar
  2. Gilmou. (J.), Among the Mongols. London, 1888.—More about tho Mongols. London, 1893.Google Scholar
  3. Kozlof. (P. K.), Works of the Expedition of the Imperial Russian Geographical Society in Mongolia and Kham (Tibet) during 1889–1901. [Russian] Vol. I. St. Petersburg, 1905–06.Google Scholar
  4. Ohruische. (V. A.), Report of Journeys, 1892–94, in Central Mongolia, &e. (in Russian), St. Petersburg, 1901.Google Scholar
  5. Podznéef. (A.) Mongolia and the Mongols; Results of a Journey in 1892–93. 7 vols, St. Petersburg, 1896Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Palgrave Macmillan, a division of Macmillan Publishers Limited 1908

Authors and Affiliations

  • J. Scott Keltie

There are no affiliations available

Personalised recommendations