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Mexico

Repüblica Mexicana
  • J. Scott Keltie
Part of the The Statesman’s Yearbook book series (SYBK)

Abstract

The present Constitution of Mexico bears date February 5, 1857, with subsequent modifications down to May 1904. By its terms Mexico is declared a federative republic, divided into States —19 at the outset, but at present 27 in number, with 3 territories and the Federal District—each of which has a right to manage its own local affairs, while the whole are bound together in one body politic by fundamental and constitutional laws. The powers of the supreme Government are divided into three branches, the legislative, executive, and judicial. The legislative power is vested in a Congress consisting of a House of Representatives and a Senate, and the executive in a President. Representatives elected by the suffrage of all respectable male adults, at thé rate of one member for 40,000 inhabitants, hold their places for two years. The qualifications requisite are, to be twenty-five years of age, and a resident in the State. The Senate consists of fifty-six members, two for each State, of at least thirty years of age, who are returned in the same manner as the deputies. The members of both Houses receive salaries of 3,000 dollars a year. The President is elected by electors popularly chosen in a general election, holds office for six years, and, according to an amendment of the Constitution in 1887, may be elected for consecutive terms. By the Decree, May 6, 1904, which modified Art. 72A of the constitution, the office of Vice-President was formally instituted, his election to take place in the same manner and at the same date as that of the President. The Vice-President is ex officio President of the Senate, with a voice in the discussions but without vote. His term of office is the same as that of the President. Failing the President through absence or otherwise, the Vice-President shall discharge the functions of the President either temporarily or to the end of the period for which he was elected, as the circumstances may require. Failing both the President and the Vice-President, for whatever reason, Congress shall call for new elections to be held at once. Congress has to meet annually from April 1 to May 30, and from September 16 to December 15, and a permanent committee of both Houses sits during the recesses.

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Statistical and other Books of Reference Concerning Mexico

1. Official Publications

  1. Anales del ministerio de fomento, colonizacion, indústria y comercio. 8. Annual Mexico.Google Scholar
  2. Annario Estadestico de la Republica Mexicana. Annual. Mexico.Google Scholar
  3. Boletin del ministerio de Fomento de la República Mexicana. Annual. Fol. Mexico.Google Scholar
  4. Boletin semestral de la estadistica de la República Mexicana, á cargo del Dr. Antonio Peñafiel. Annual. Mexico.Google Scholar
  5. Censo General de la Republica Mexicana, Verificado el 20 Oetubre. 1895. Mexico, 1900.Google Scholar
  6. Comercio exterior de Mexico. Annual. Fol. Mexico.Google Scholar
  7. Cuadro geografico, estadistico descriptivo é historico de los Estados Unidos Mexicanos. A. G. Cubas. Mexico, 1889.Google Scholar
  8. Datos mercantiles. Annual. Mexico.Google Scholar
  9. Estadistica general de la República. Annual. Mexico.Google Scholar
  10. Les États Unis Mexicains: Leurs Ressources, &c. Far R. de Zayas Enriquez. Mexico, 1899.Google Scholar
  11. Memoria del Secretario del despacho de Fomento, &c. Annual. 4. Mexico.Google Scholar
  12. Mexico: A Geographical Sketch. Bureau of American Republics. Washington, 1900.Google Scholar
  13. Foreign Office Reports, Annual Series and Report on Cotton Manufacturing Industry in Mexico, in Miscellaneous Series. 8. London.Google Scholar
  14. Statistique descriptive et historique des États Mexicains de Garcia Cubas. 1889.Google Scholar
  15. Annual Statement of the Trade of the United Kingdom with Foreign Countries and British Possessions. 4. London.Google Scholar

2. Non-Official Publications

  1. Boletin de la sociedad de geografia y estadistica de la República Mexicana. 8. Mexico, 1878–96.Google Scholar
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  27. Ratzel (Fried.), Aus Mexico, Reiseskizzen aus den Jahren 1874–75. Breslau, 1878.Google Scholar
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  29. Boutier (G.), Le Mexique de nos Jours. Paris, 1895.Google Scholar
  30. Schiess (W.), Quer durch Mexico. Berlin, 1902.Google Scholar
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  32. Tweedie (Mrs. A.), Mexico as I saw it. London, 1901.Google Scholar
  33. Wright (Marie R.), Picturesque Mexico. Philadelphia, 1898.Google Scholar
  34. Through the Land of the Aztecs, or Life and Travel in Mexico. By a ‘Gringo. London, 1892.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Palgrave Macmillan, a division of Macmillan Publishers Limited 1905

Authors and Affiliations

  • J. Scott Keltie

There are no affiliations available

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