Repüblica Mexicana
  • J. Scott Keltie
Part of the The Statesman’s Yearbook book series (SYBK)


The present Constitution of Mexico bears date February 5, 1857, with subsequent modifications down to May 1904. By its terms Mexico is declared a federative republic, divided into States —19 at the outset, but at present 27 in number, with 3 territories and the Federal District—each of which has a right to manage its own local affairs, while the whole are bound together in one body politic by fundamental and constitutional laws. The powers of the supreme Government are divided into three branches, the legislative, executive, and judicial. The legislative power is vested in a Congress consisting of a House of Representatives and a Senate, and the executive in a President. Representatives elected by the suffrage of all respectable male adults, at thé rate of one member for 40,000 inhabitants, hold their places for two years. The qualifications requisite are, to be twenty-five years of age, and a resident in the State. The Senate consists of fifty-six members, two for each State, of at least thirty years of age, who are returned in the same manner as the deputies. The members of both Houses receive salaries of 3,000 dollars a year. The President is elected by electors popularly chosen in a general election, holds office for six years, and, according to an amendment of the Constitution in 1887, may be elected for consecutive terms. By the Decree, May 6, 1904, which modified Art. 72A of the constitution, the office of Vice-President was formally instituted, his election to take place in the same manner and at the same date as that of the President. The Vice-President is ex officio President of the Senate, with a voice in the discussions but without vote. His term of office is the same as that of the President. Failing the President through absence or otherwise, the Vice-President shall discharge the functions of the President either temporarily or to the end of the period for which he was elected, as the circumstances may require. Failing both the President and the Vice-President, for whatever reason, Congress shall call for new elections to be held at once. Congress has to meet annually from April 1 to May 30, and from September 16 to December 15, and a permanent committee of both Houses sits during the recesses.


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Statistical and other Books of Reference Concerning Mexico

1. Official Publications

  1. Anales del ministerio de fomento, colonizacion, indústria y comercio. 8. Annual Mexico.Google Scholar
  2. Annario Estadestico de la Republica Mexicana. Annual. Mexico.Google Scholar
  3. Boletin del ministerio de Fomento de la República Mexicana. Annual. Fol. Mexico.Google Scholar
  4. Boletin semestral de la estadistica de la República Mexicana, á cargo del Dr. Antonio Peñafiel. Annual. Mexico.Google Scholar
  5. Censo General de la Republica Mexicana, Verificado el 20 Oetubre. 1895. Mexico, 1900.Google Scholar
  6. Comercio exterior de Mexico. Annual. Fol. Mexico.Google Scholar
  7. Cuadro geografico, estadistico descriptivo é historico de los Estados Unidos Mexicanos. A. G. Cubas. Mexico, 1889.Google Scholar
  8. Datos mercantiles. Annual. Mexico.Google Scholar
  9. Estadistica general de la República. Annual. Mexico.Google Scholar
  10. Les États Unis Mexicains: Leurs Ressources, &c. Far R. de Zayas Enriquez. Mexico, 1899.Google Scholar
  11. Memoria del Secretario del despacho de Fomento, &c. Annual. 4. Mexico.Google Scholar
  12. Mexico: A Geographical Sketch. Bureau of American Republics. Washington, 1900.Google Scholar
  13. Foreign Office Reports, Annual Series and Report on Cotton Manufacturing Industry in Mexico, in Miscellaneous Series. 8. London.Google Scholar
  14. Statistique descriptive et historique des États Mexicains de Garcia Cubas. 1889.Google Scholar
  15. Annual Statement of the Trade of the United Kingdom with Foreign Countries and British Possessions. 4. London.Google Scholar

2. Non-Official Publications

  1. Boletin de la sociedad de geografia y estadistica de la República Mexicana. 8. Mexico, 1878–96.Google Scholar
  2. Bancroft (H. H.) A Popular History of the Mexican People. 8. London. Resources and Development of Mexico. San Francisco, 1894.Google Scholar
  3. Bonaparte (Prince Roland), and others, Le Mexique au Début du’XXe Siècle. Paris, 1904.Google Scholar
  4. Brocklehurst (T. U.), Mexico To-day. London, 1883.Google Scholar
  5. Burke (U. R.), Life of Benito Juarez. 8. London. 1894.Google Scholar
  6. Campbell (Rean), Complete Guide and Descriptive Book of Mexico. Chicago, 1904.Google Scholar
  7. Castro (Lorenzo), The Republic of Mexico in 1882. New York, 1882.Google Scholar
  8. Charnay (D.) Ancient Cities of the New World. Tr. 8. London.Google Scholar
  9. Chevalier (Michel), Le Mexique ancien et moderne. 18. Paris, 1880.Google Scholar
  10. Conkling (Howard), Mexico and the Mexicans. New York, 1883.Google Scholar
  11. Conkling (A. R.), Appleton’s Guide to Mexico. New York, 1890.Google Scholar
  12. El economista Mexicano, weekly. Mexico.Google Scholar
  13. Enriquez (R. de Zayas), Los Estados Unidos Mexicanos, 1877–97. New York, 1899.Google Scholar
  14. Flint (H. M.), Mexico under Maximilian. 12. Philadelphia, 1867.Google Scholar
  15. Glossop (Lady Howard of), Journal of a Tour in Canada, the United States, and Mexico, London, 1897.Google Scholar
  16. Gooch (F. C.), Face to Face with the Mexicans. London, 1890.Google Scholar
  17. Griffin (S. B.), Mexico of To-day. New York, 1880.Google Scholar
  18. Hamilton (L. L. C), Hamilton’s Mexican Handbook. London, 1884.Google Scholar
  19. Kozhevar (E.), Report on the Republic of Mexico. London, 1886.Google Scholar
  20. La Bédollière (Émile G. de), Histoire de la guerre du Mexique. 4. Paris, 1866.Google Scholar
  21. Lumholtz (C.), Unknown Mexico. London, 1903.Google Scholar
  22. Lummis (C. F.), The Awakening of a Nation. New York, 1898.Google Scholar
  23. Moses (B.), Constitution of the United States of Mexico. Philadelphia, 1899.Google Scholar
  24. Ober (F. A.), Travels in Mexico. Boston, U.S., 1884.Google Scholar
  25. Pimentel (F.), Obras Completas [on Peoples, Languages, Literature, &c. of Mexico.] 5 vols. Mexico, 1903–04.Google Scholar
  26. Prescott (W. H.), History of the Conquest of Mexico. 8. London.Google Scholar
  27. Ratzel (Fried.), Aus Mexico, Reiseskizzen aus den Jahren 1874–75. Breslau, 1878.Google Scholar
  28. Romero (M.), Geographical and Statistical Notes on Mexico. London, 1898.—Mexico and the United States. [A Study of their Relations.] Vol. I. New York, 1898.Google Scholar
  29. Boutier (G.), Le Mexique de nos Jours. Paris, 1895.Google Scholar
  30. Schiess (W.), Quer durch Mexico. Berlin, 1902.Google Scholar
  31. Scobel (A.), Die Verkehrswege Mexicos und ihre wirtschaftliche Bedeutung. In “Deutsche Geographische Blätter.” Band X., Heft 1. Bremen, 1887.Google Scholar
  32. Tweedie (Mrs. A.), Mexico as I saw it. London, 1901.Google Scholar
  33. Wright (Marie R.), Picturesque Mexico. Philadelphia, 1898.Google Scholar
  34. Through the Land of the Aztecs, or Life and Travel in Mexico. By a ‘Gringo. London, 1892.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Palgrave Macmillan, a division of Macmillan Publishers Limited 1905

Authors and Affiliations

  • J. Scott Keltie

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