República De Chile
  • J. Scott Keltie
Part of the The Statesman’s Yearbook book series (SYBK)


The Republic of Chile threw off allegiance to the Crown of Spain by the declaration of independence of September 18, 1810, finally freeing itself from the yoke of Spain in 1818. The Constitution voted by the representatives of the nation in 1833, with a few subsequent amendments, establishes three powers in the State—the legislative, the executive, and the judicial. The legislative power is vested in the National Congress, consisting of two assemblies, called the Senate and the Chamber of Deputies. The Senate is composed of members popularly elected by provinces for the term of six years, in the proportion of one Senator for every three Deputies; while the Chamber of Deputies, composed of members chosen directly by departments for a period of three years, consists of one representative for every 30,000 of the population, or a fraction not less than 15,000; both bodies are chosen by the same electors. Electors must be 21 years of age, and able to read and write. The executive is exercised by the President of the Republic elected for a term of five years, by indirect vote, the people nominating, by ballot, delegates who appoint the President. A retiring President is not re-eligible. In legislation the President has a modified veto; a bill returned to the chambers with the President’s objections may, by a two-thirds vote of the members present (a majority of the members being present), be sustained and become law. The day of a Presidential election is June 25 of the last of the five years of a Presidency, and the inauguration takes place on September 18 of the same year.


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Statistical and other Books of Reference concerning Chile

Official Publications

  1. Annuario Estadístíco. Valparaiso.Google Scholar
  2. Memorias presentandas al Congreso nacional por los Ministros de Estado en los departamentos de Relaciones Exteriores, Hacienda, &c. Santiago, 1901.Google Scholar
  3. Estadística comercial de la República de Chile. Annual. Valparaiso, 1901.Google Scholar
  4. Synopsis estadística y geográfica de Chile. Santiago, Annual.Google Scholar
  5. Reports on the trade, manufactures, agriculture of Chile in Foreign Office Reports, annual series. London.Google Scholar
  6. Statement on behalf of Chile in reply to the Argentine Report, submitted to the British Arbitration Tribunal. 6 vols. London, 1901–02.Google Scholar

Non-Official Publications

  1. Anrique (N.) and Silva (L. I.), Ensayo de una Bibliografia Historica i Geografica de Chile. Santiago, 1902.Google Scholar
  2. Asta-Buruaga Francisco S.), Diccionario geográfico de la República de Chile. 8. New York, 1867.Google Scholar
  3. Ball (John), Notes of a Naturalist in South America. London, 1887.Google Scholar
  4. Barros Arana (Diego), La guerre du Pacifique. Paris, 1882; and Historia general de Chile.Google Scholar
  5. Child (Theodore), The Spanish American Republics. London, 1891.Google Scholar
  6. Conway (Sir M.), Aconcagua and Tierra del Fuego. London, 1902.Google Scholar
  7. FitzGerald (E. A.), The Highest Andes, London, 1899.Google Scholar
  8. Fountain (P.), The Great Mountains and Forests of South America. London, 1902.Google Scholar
  9. Gay (Claudio), Historia general de Chile.Google Scholar
  10. Guerre entre le Chili, le Pérou et Bolivie en 1879. Paris, 1879.Google Scholar
  11. Hancock (A. M.), A History of Chili. 8. Chicago, 1893.Google Scholar
  12. Hervey (M. H.), Dark Days in Chile. London, 1892.Google Scholar
  13. Holdich (Sir T. H.), The Countries of the King’s Award. London, 1904.Google Scholar
  14. Keane (A. H.), Central and South America. [In Stanford’s Compendium.] London, 1901.Google Scholar
  15. Kunz (Hugo), Chile und die Deutschen Colonien. Leipzig, 1891.Google Scholar
  16. Mackenna (Vicuña), Obras históricas sobre Chile.Google Scholar
  17. Maldonado (R.), Estudios geograficos é hidrograficos sobre Chile. Santiago, 1897.Google Scholar
  18. Markham (C. R.), The War between Chile and Peru, 1879–81. London, 1883.Google Scholar
  19. Nordenskjöld (O.), Skildringar från den Swenska Expeditionen till Magellans-landerna, 1895–97. Stockholm, 1899.Google Scholar
  20. Rosales (R. P. Diego de), Historia general del Reyno de Chile. 3 vols. 8. Valparaiso 1877–78.Google Scholar
  21. Smith (W. A.), Temperate Chile, London, 1900.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Palgrave Macmillan, a division of Macmillan Publishers Limited 1905

Authors and Affiliations

  • J. Scott Keltie

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