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Java

Nederlandsch Indie
  • Frederick Martin
Part of the The Statesman’s Yearbook book series (SYBK)

Abstract

Java, the most important of the colonial possessions of the Netherlands, is governed in an absolute manner, under a system established by General Van den Bosch, in 1832, and known as the ‘culture system.’ It is based in principle on the forced labour of the natives, which is directed to produce not only a sufficiency of food for themselves, but the largest possible quantity of colonial produce best suited for the European market. To carry out the ‘culture system,’ there exists a complicate bureaucratic administration, the functions of which descend into the minutest details of public and private life. The whole of Java—including the neighbouring island of Madura—is divided into twenty-four provinces, or residencies, each governed by a Resident, who has under him an Assistant-Resident and a number of inspectors, called Contrôleurs. All these functionaries must be citizens of the Netherlands, and the higher class must have gone through an examination at the college of Delft, near Rotterdam. The Resident and his assistants exercise absolute control over the province in their charge; not, however, directly, but by means of a vast hierarchy of native officials, who receive either salaries or percentages on the amount of produce cultivated by the natives.

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Statistical and other Books of Reference concerning Java

1. Official Publications

  1. Atmanak en Naamregister van Nederlandsch-Indië, voor 1869. Batavis, 1869.Google Scholar
  2. Regorings Almanafc voor Nederlandsch-Indie. 1868. 8. Gravenhage, 1869.Google Scholar
  3. Verslag Tan den Handel, de Scheepvaart en de inkomende- en uitgaando Hegten op Java en Madura, over het jaar 1867. Batavia, 1868.Google Scholar
  4. Verslag van den staat van het schoolwezen in Nederlandsch Indië, afgesloten onder ultimo 1866. 8. Batavia, 1868.Google Scholar
  5. Verslag over het jaar 1866, zamengesteld door de Kamer van koophandel en nijverheid te Batavia. 8. Batavia, 1867.Google Scholar
  6. Report by Mr. Ward, British Secretary of Legation, on the Progress of the Netherlands’ East India possessions since 1857, dated January 17, 1863; in ‘Reports of H.M.’s Secretaries of Embassy and Legation.’ No. VI. London, 1863.Google Scholar
  7. Report by Mr. T. J. Hovel Thurlow, British Secretary of Legation,’ on Java and its Dependencies,’ dated the Hague, July 1, 1868; in ‘Reports of II.M.’s Secretaries of Embassy and Legation.’ Kos. V. and VI. 1868. London, 1869.Google Scholar

2. Non-Official Publications

  1. Deventer (JSz., S. van), Bijdragen tot de kennis van het Landelijk Stelsel op Java, op last van Z. Esc. den Minister van Kolonien J. D. Fransen van de Putte, bijeenverzameld. 8. Zalt-Bommel, 1865.Google Scholar
  2. Money (J. W. B.), Java, or, How to Manage a Colony; showing a practical solution of the questions now affecting British India. 2 vols. 8. London, 1861.Google Scholar
  3. Mülkr (Joh.), Beschreibung der Insel Java. 8. Berlin, 1860.Google Scholar
  4. Vlict (L. van Wovdrichem van), Over Grondeigendom en heeredienstpligtigheid op Java. 8. Amsterdam, 1861.Google Scholar
  5. Wallace (Alfred Russel) The Malay Archipelago. 8. London, 1869.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Palgrave Macmillan, a division of Macmillan Publishers Limited 1870

Authors and Affiliations

  • Frederick Martin

There are no affiliations available

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