Sho Koku.—Nippon
  • Frederick Martin
Part of the The Statesman’s Yearbook book series (SYBK)


The system of government of the Japanese empire is as yet but imperfectly known. The supreme head of the State is an hereditary Emperor called Mikado, or ‘the Venerable,’ whose name is said to be known only to the princes of the Imperial family, and who appears to be considered of semi-divine origin. At his side stands a second Emperor, the Ziogoon, ‘Great Lord,’ or, as commonly styled, the Tycoon, whose office also is hereditary in his family, and who represents the central executive. But neither the Mikado nor the Tycoon seem to be possessed of absolute authority, extending over the whole State. The government of the country is partly vested in a number of feudal princes, or Daimios, proprietors in their own right of a more or less extensive territory.


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Statistical and other Books of Reference concerning Japan

1. Official Publications

  1. Report by Mr. Sidney Locock, II. M.’s Secretary of Legation, on the Weights, Measures, and Currency of Japan, dated Yokohama, Jan. 10,1867; in ‘Reports by H. M.’s Secretaries of Embassy and Legation.’ No. V. 1867. London, 1867.Google Scholar
  2. Commercial Reports from H. M. M.’s Consuls in China and Japan. 1864. 8. London, 1865.Google Scholar
  3. Commercial Reports from H. M. M.’s Consuls in China and Japan. 1865. 8. London, 1866.Google Scholar
  4. Reports of Journeys in China and Japan performed by Mr. Alabaster, Mr. Oxenham, Mr. Markham, and Dr. Willis, of H.M.’s Consular Service. Presented to both Houses of Parliament. Fol. London, 1869.Google Scholar
  5. Reports by Messrs. Fisher, Rice, and Walsh, United States’ Consuls at Kanagawa, Hakodadi, and Nagasaki, on the trade and commerce of Japan; in ‘Annual Report on Foreign Commerce.’ 8. Washington, 1865.Google Scholar
  6. Annual Statement of the Trade and Navigation of the United Kingdom with Foreign Countries. Imp. 4. London, 1869.Google Scholar

2. Non-Official Publications

  1. Alcock (Sir Rutherford), The Capital of the Tycoon; a narrative of a three years’ residence in Japan. 2 vols. 8. London, 1863.Google Scholar
  2. Cornwallis (Kinahan), Two Journeys to Japan, 1856–57. 8. London, 1859.Google Scholar
  3. Dickson (Walter), Japan, being a sketch of the history, government, and officers of the Empire. 8. London, 1869.Google Scholar
  4. Du Pin (M.), Le Japon: Mœurs, coutumes, rapports avec les Européens. 8. Paris, 1868.Google Scholar
  5. Fisscher (J. F. Van Overmeer), Bijdrage tot de kennis van het japansche rijk. 4. Amsterdam, 1833.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Fraissinet (Ed.), Le Japon, histoire et description, mœurs, coutumes et religion. Nouvelle édition, augmentée de trois chapitres nouveaux, rapports et traités avec les Européens. 2 vols. 12. Paris, 1866.Google Scholar
  7. Jephson (R. H) and Elmhirst (E. P.), Our Life in Japan. 8. London, 1869.Google Scholar
  8. Leupe (P.A.), Reise van Maarten Gerritz-Uries in 1643 naarhet Noorden en Oosten van Japan. 8. Amsterdam, 1858.Google Scholar
  9. Lühdorf (J. A.), Acht Monate in Japan. 8. Bremen, 1857.Google Scholar
  10. Oshom (Capt. S.), A Cruise in Japanese Waters. 8. London, 1859.Google Scholar
  11. Pompe de Meerdervoort (J. L C.) Vijf Jaren in Japan, 1857–63. Bijdragen tot de kennis van het japansche keiserrijfc en zijne Bevolking. 2 vols. 8. Leyden, 1867.Google Scholar
  12. Siebold (Ph. Franz Von), Nippon: Archiv znr Beschreibung von Japan. 8. Leyden, 1834–7.Google Scholar
  13. Siebold (Pr. Franz Von), Urkundliche Darstellung der Bestrebungen Niederlands und Russlands zur Eröffnung Japans. 8. Leyden, 1854.Google Scholar
  14. Spiess (Gust.), Die Preussische Expedition nach Ostasien während der Jahre 1860–62. Reise-Skizzen aus Japan, China, Siam und der Indischen Inselwelt. 8. Berlin, 1865.Google Scholar
  15. Titsingh (Isaac), Nipon o Daï Itsi Ran, ou Annales des Empereurs de Japon. Ouvr. corr. sur l’original Japonais-Chinois par M. J. Klaproth. 4. Paris, 1834.Google Scholar
  16. Titsingh (Isaac), Mémoires et Anecdotes sur la Dynastie Régnante des Djogoungs, souverains du Japon. Publié par A. Rémusat. 8. Paris, 1820.Google Scholar
  17. Wüllcrslorf-Urbair (Baron von), Reise der Oesterreichischen Fregatte Novara um die Erde in den Jahren 1857, 1858, 1859. Beschreibender Theil von Dr. Karl V. Scherzer. 2 vols. 8. Vienna, 1865.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Palgrave Macmillan, a division of Macmillan Publishers Limited 1870

Authors and Affiliations

  • Frederick Martin

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