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Egypt

Kemi.—Masr.
  • Frederick Martin
Part of the The Statesman’s Yearbook book series (SYBK)

Abstract

Nominally a pashalik of the Turkish empire, Egypt has been virtually an independent state since the year 1811, when Mehemet Ali, appointed Governor in 1806, made himself absolute master of the country by force of arms. His position was recognised by the Imperial Hatti-Shériff of February 13, 1841, issued under, the guarantee of the five great European powers, which established the hereditary succession to the throne of Egypt, under the same rules and regulations as that to the throne of Turkey. The title given to Mehemet Ali and his immediate successors was the Turkish one of ‘Vali,’ or Viceroy; but this was changed by an Imperial firman of May 14, 1867, into the higher Arabic of ‘Kedervi-el-Masr,’ or King of Egypt, and the present ruler has since been known as the Kedervi, or, as more commonly called, Khedive. By the same firman of May 14, 1867, obtained on the condition of the sovereign of Egypt raising his annual tribute to the Sultan’s civil list from 80,000 purses, or 360,000l., to 150,000 purses, or 675,000l., the succession to the throne of Egypt was made direct, from father to son, instead of descending, after the Turkish law, to the surviving eldest heir.

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Statistical and other Books of Reference concerning Egypt

1. Official Publications

  1. Report by Mr. Consul Stanley on the Trade and Commerce of Alexandria for the year 1867, dated Alexandria, June 16, 1868; in ‘Commercial Reports received at the Foreign Office.’ No. XI. 1868. 8. London, 1868.Google Scholar
  2. Report by Mr. Consul West on the Trade and Commerce of Suez for the year 1867, dated Suez, July 6, 1868; in ‘Commercial Reports received at the Foreign Office.’ No. XI. 1868. 8. London, 1868.Google Scholar
  3. Annual Statement of the Trade and Navigation of the United Kingdom with Foreign Countries. 4. London, 1869.Google Scholar

2. Non-Official Publications

  1. Bernard (H.), Notice géographique et historique sur l’Egypte. 18. Paris, 1868.Google Scholar
  2. Buri (N. C.), The Far East, or Lettera from Egypt &c. 8. Cincinnati, 1869.Google Scholar
  3. Busch (H.), Reisehandbuch für Aegypten. 8. Triest, 1858.Google Scholar
  4. Clot Bey (M.). Aperçu général de l’Egypte. 2 vols. 8. Paris, 1840.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Figary-Bey (A.), Studii scientifici sull Egitto e sue adiacenze compresa la peninsola dell’ Arabia Petrea. 8. Lucca, 1865.Google Scholar
  6. Flachat (E.), Mémoire sur les travaux de l’isthme de Suez. 8. Paris, 1865.Google Scholar
  7. Hill (S. S.), Travels in Egypt and Syria. 8. London, 1865.Google Scholar
  8. Horn (J. E.), Du progrès économique en Egypte. 8. Alexandrie, 1864.Google Scholar
  9. Issel (A.), Del canale di Suez. Relazione presentata alla camera di commercio ed arti di Trapani. 8. Genova, 1865.Google Scholar
  10. Le Saint (L.), L’isthme de Suez. Essais de canalisations dans les temps anciens et au moyen age. Projet de M. de Lesseps. Travaux accomplis de la Méditerranée a la Mer Rouge. 12. Paris, 1867.Google Scholar
  11. Lesseps (Ferdinand de) Percement de l’isthme de Suez; exposé et documents officiels. 8. Paris, 1856; new ed. 1869.Google Scholar
  12. Murray (John), Handbook for Travellers in Egypt. 8. London, 1867.Google Scholar
  13. Paton (And. A.), History of the Egyptian revolution, from the period of the Mameluks to the death of Mehemed Ali. 2 vols. 8. London, 1863.Google Scholar
  14. Scherer (H.), Reise in Egypten. 8. Frankfort, 1866.Google Scholar
  15. Tarich-i-Masr. History of Egypt, translated from the Arabic, by Eelijet Efendy. 8. Constantinople, 1865.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Palgrave Macmillan, a division of Macmillan Publishers Limited 1870

Authors and Affiliations

  • Frederick Martin

There are no affiliations available

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