Republica del Peru
  • Frederick Martin
Part of the The Statesman’s Yearbook book series (SYBK)


The republic of Peru, one of the oldest of Spanish colonies in America, issued its declaration of independence in 1821, after a war of eleven years. The present constitution, proclaimed Aug. 31, 1867, is modelled on that of the United States, the legislative power being vested in a Senate and a House of Representatives, the former composed of deputies of the provinces, two for each, and the latter of representatives nominated by the electoral colleges of provinces and parishes, at the rate of one member for every 20,000 inhabitants. The parochial electoral colleges choose deputies to the provincial colleges, who in turn send representatives to Congress. In the session of 1868, the Senate was composed of 36 members, and the House of Representatives of 86 members.


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Statistical and other Books of Reference concerning Peru

1. Official Publications

  1. Anales de la dictadura. Coleccion de documentos oficiales do la jefetura suprema del Coronel Mariano I. Prado. Entregas 1–15. Lima, 1866–8.Google Scholar
  2. Reglamento de comercio de la República del Perú. 4. Lima, 1864.Google Scholar
  3. Report by Mr. Middleton, H. M.’s Secretary of Legation, on the Publie Revenue and Expenditure of Peru, dated February 25, 1867; in ‘Reports by II. M.’s Secretaries of Embassy and Legation.’ No. V. 1867. London, 1867.Google Scholar
  4. Report of Mr. Consul Cocks on the Trade of Peru for 1864, in. Consul Cocks on the Trade of Peru for 1864, in ‘Commercial Reports received at the Foreign Office.’ 8. London, 1865.Google Scholar
  5. Report of Mr. Consul Wilthew on the Trade of Peru for 1865, in. Consul Wilthew on the Trade of Peru for 1865, in ‘Commercial Reports received at the Foreign Office.’ 8. London, 1866.Google Scholar
  6. Report by Mr. J. H. McColley, U. S. Consul at Callao, on the Trade, Industry, and Agriculture of Peru, dated Sept. 30, 1867; in ‘Commercial Relations of the United States with Foreign Nations.’ 8. Washington, 1868Google Scholar

2. Non-Official Publications

  1. Cabello (Pedro M.), Guia politica eclesiastica y militar del Perú, para el año de 1869. 12. Lima, 1869.Google Scholar
  2. Grandidier (E.), Voyage dans l’Amérique du Sud, Pérou et Bolivie. 8. Paris, 1863.Google Scholar
  3. Fuentes (Manuel A.), Lima, or Sketches of the Capital of Peru: Historical, Statistical, Administrative, Commercial, and Moral. 8. London, 1866.Google Scholar
  4. Hill (S. S.), Travels in Peru and Mexico. 2 vols. 8. London, 1860.Google Scholar
  5. Menendez (D. Baldomero), Manuel de geografia y estadistica del Perú. 12. Paris, 1862.Google Scholar
  6. Odriozola (J.), Documentos historieos del Perú. 2 vols. 8. Lima, 1863–64.Google Scholar
  7. Faz-Soldan (D. Mateo) Geografia del Perú. 8. Paris, 1863.Google Scholar
  8. Bivero (Don Mariano de) and Tschudi (Joh. Jakob von) Antiguëdades Peruanas. 4. Wien, 1851.Google Scholar
  9. Soldau (M.), Geografia del Perú. 2 vols. 8. Paris, 1862.Google Scholar
  10. Tschudi (Joh. Jakob von), Reisen durch Südamerika. 5 vols. 8. Leipzig, 1866–68.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Palgrave Macmillan, a division of Macmillan Publishers Limited 1870

Authors and Affiliations

  • Frederick Martin

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