Empire of ail the Russias
  • Frederick Martin
Part of the The Statesman’s Yearbook book series (SYBK)


Alexander II., Emperor of Russia, born April 17 (April 29 new style), 1818, the eldest son of Emperor Nicholas I. and of Princess Charlotte of Prussia; educated, under the supervision of his father, by General Moerder, a learned German, and the Russian poet Joukowski; entered the army, 1831; nominated colonel in the regiment of grenadiers, 1835; chancellor of the university of Helsingfors, Finland, 1837; travelled in Gerinany, 1810–41; superintendent of the military schools of the empire, 1849; appointed to a command in the Caucasian army, 1850. Succecded to the throne, at the death of his father, February 18 (March 2), 1855; crowned at Moscow, August 26 (September 7), 1856. Married, April 16 (April 28), 1841, to


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Statistical and other Books of Reference concerning Russia

1. Official Publications

  1. Materials for a Statistik of the Empire of Russia. Published, under the sanction of His Majesty, by the Statistical Department of the Ministry of the Interior (Russian). 8. St. Petersburg, 1863–69.Google Scholar
  2. Memorandum on the Trade between Great Britain and Russia. By T. Micheli, Attaché to H. M.’s Embassy at St. Petersburg. Presented to both Houses of Parliament. Londcn, 1866.Google Scholar
  3. Memorandum on the Trade, Manufactures, and Customs Legislation of Russia. By Mr. T. Mitchell. In ‘Commercial Reports received at the Foreign Office.’ Pp. 334. 8. London, 1868.Google Scholar
  4. Report by Mr. Lumley, British Secretary of Embassy, on the Trade of Russia with Central Asia; dated January, 1862; in ‘Reports of H. M.’s Secretaries of Embassy.’ No. V. London, 1862.Google Scholar
  5. Report by Mr. Lumley, British Secretary of Embassy, on the Trade and Manufacture of Cotton in Russia, dated January, 1865; in ‘Reports of H. M.’s Secretaries of Embassy.’ No. VIII. London, 1865.Google Scholar
  6. Report by Mr. Rumbold, British Secretary of Embassy, on the Russian Budget for 1869, dated St. Petersburg, January 25, 1869; in ‘Reports of H. M.’s Secretaries of Embassy and Legation.’ No. II. 1869. London, 1869.Google Scholar
  7. Report by Mr. Consul T. Michell on the Finances of the Russian Empire, dated St. Petersburg, June, 1867; in ‘Commercial Reports received at the Foreign Office.’ No. IX. IS67. London, 1867.Google Scholar
  8. Reports by Mr. Geo. Pomutz, U. S. Consul at St. Petersburg, dated March 20, 1867, Mr. A. Wilkins, U. S. Consular Agent at Cronstadr, dated June 30, 1867, Mr. E. Schuyler, U. S. Consul at Moscow, dated October 15, 1867, Mr. T. C. Smith, U. S. Consul at Odessa, dated April 7, 1868, and Mr. P. Collins, U. S. Commercial Agent on the Amoor River, on the trade and industry of the Russian Empire; in ‘Commercial Relations of the United States with Foreign Nations.’ 8. “Washington, 1868.Google Scholar
  9. Report by Lieut. Colonel Mansfield, British Consul-General at Warsaw, on the Trade and Commerco of Poland, dated Warsaw, August 29, 1868. In ‘Commercial Reports received at the Foreign Office.’ 8. London, 1868.Google Scholar
  10. Statistical Tables relating to Foreign Countries. Part XI. Fol London, 1868.Google Scholar

2. Non-Official Publications

  1. Bär (K. E. von), and Helmersen (Gr. von), Beiträge zur Kenntniss des Russischen Reichs. 25 vols. 8. St. Petersburg, 1852–69.Google Scholar
  2. Brix (Prem.-Lieut.), Die K. Russische Armee in ihrem Bestände, ihrer Organisation, Ausrüstung u. Stärke im Kriege u. Frieden am 1. Jan. 1863. 4. Berlin, 1864.Google Scholar
  3. Buschen (A. von), Aperçu statistique des forces productives de la Russie. 8. Paris, 1868.Google Scholar
  4. Buschen (A. von), Bevölkerung des Russischen Kaiserreichs in den wichtigsten statistischen Verhältnissen. 8. Gotha, 1862.Google Scholar
  5. Custine (Marquis A. de), La Russie en 1839. 4 vols. 8. Paris, 1843.Google Scholar
  6. Erman (Georg Adolf), Archiv für die wissenschaftliche Kunde Russlands. 25 vols. 8. Berlin, 1841–68.Google Scholar
  7. Fabricius (A. t’.) Zur Geschichte des Russischen Postwesens. Eine Skizze in Veranlassung des 200jährigen Bestehens desselben. 8. Riga, 1866.Google Scholar
  8. Gautier (Théophile), Voyage en Russie. 2 vols. 8. Paris, 1866.Google Scholar
  9. Golovine (Ivan), Etudes et Essais: Richesse de la Russie, conomie privée, Economie hospitalière. 8. Paris, 1864.Google Scholar
  10. Gurowski (De), Russia and its People. 8. London, 1854.Google Scholar
  11. Hagenmeister (Jul. von), Mémoire sur le Commerce des Ports de la Nouvelle Russie. 8. Odessa, 1835.Google Scholar
  12. Haxthausen (A. von), Studien über die innern Zustände, das Volksleben u. s. w. Russlands. 3 vols. S. Berlin 1847–52.Google Scholar
  13. Jourdier (L.), Des forces productives, destructives, et improductives de la Russia. 8. 2nd ed., Leipzig, 1861.Google Scholar
  14. Khanikof (N. de) Études sur l’Instruction Publiquo en Russie. 1“ partie. Dernières réformes do l’organisation de l’instruction publique, accompagnées d’une carte do la Russie d’Europe divisée en provinces académiques. 8. Paris, 1866.Google Scholar
  15. Koppen (Dr. Peter von), Statistische Reise in Russland. 8. St. Petersburg, 1861.Google Scholar
  16. Martin (Henri), La Russie d’Europe. 8. Pp. 135. Paris, 1865.Google Scholar
  17. Mielite (Alexander), Tho Siberian Overland Route from Pékin to Petersburg, through the Deserts and Steppes of Mongolia, Tartar, &c. 8. London, 1864.Google Scholar
  18. Murray (John), Handbook for Travellers in Russia, Poland, and Finland. 8. Pp. 282. London, 1868.Google Scholar
  19. Olberg (H.), Statistische Tabellen des russischen Reichs. 8. Berlin, 1859.Google Scholar
  20. Oumanetz (Th.), Public Education in Russia (Russian). 8. Pp. 211. Dresden, 1868.Google Scholar
  21. Pauly (J. N.), Description ethnographique des peuples de la Russie. 8. St. Petersbourg, 1862.Google Scholar
  22. Pitzholdt (Alex.), Reise im Westlichen und Südlichen Europäischen Russ land im J. 1805. 8. Leipzig, 1860.Google Scholar
  23. Poroehine (Victor de). Les Ressources Matérielles de la Russie. 8. Paris, 1865.Google Scholar
  24. Ravenstein (E. G.), The Russians on the Amur; its Discovery, Conquest, and Colonisation. 8. London, 1861.Google Scholar
  25. Rein. (G.), Statiskteckning af Storfurstendömet Finland. 8. Helsingfors, 1866.Google Scholar
  26. Schnitzler (Jean Henri), L’Empirò des Tsars. 3 vols. 8. Strasbourg, 1856–66.Google Scholar
  27. Schnitzler (Jean Henri), Les Institutions do la Russie, depuis les réformes de l’Empereur Alexandre il. 2 vols. 8. Paris, 1867.Google Scholar
  28. Semenow (N.), Geographical and Statistical Dictionary of the Russian Empire (Russian). 2 vols. 8. St. Petersburg, 1863–66.Google Scholar
  29. Statistische Mittheilungen aus Russland (Reprinted from tho ’ St. Petersburger Kalender’). 8.. Pp. 108. St. Petersburg, 1868.Google Scholar
  30. Tegoborski (L. de), Etudes sur les Forces Productives de la Russie. 3 vols. 8. Paris, 1852.Google Scholar
  31. Valikhanof (Capt.), and Veniuko Qi.), the Russians in Central Asia. Translated by J. and R. Micheli. 8. London, 1865.Google Scholar
  32. Woldemar (N.), Zur Geschichte und Statistik der gelehrten und Schulanstalten des kaiserl. russ. Ministeriums der Volksaufklärung. 8. Petersburg, 1865.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Palgrave Macmillan, a division of Macmillan Publishers Limited 1870

Authors and Affiliations

  • Frederick Martin

There are no affiliations available

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