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Japan

  • Frederick Martin
Part of the The Statesman’s Yearbook book series (SYBK)

Abstract

The system of government of the Japanese empire is as yet but imperfectly known. The nominal head of the State is a Spiritual Emperor called the Mikado, invisible to the people, and considered of semi-divine origin. At his side stands a Temporal Emperor, the Ziogun, or, as commonly called, the Tycoon, whose office also is hereditary in his family, and who represents the central executive. But neither the Mikado nor the Tycoon appear to be possessed of general authority, extending over the whole State. The actual government is vested in a number of feudal princes, or Daimios, proprietors in their own right of a more or less extensive territory, over which they exercise absolute sway. The central authority is not only powerless as far as they are concerned, but they claim the right even of removing the Tycoon and his ministers—a right exercised in January 1868, when the present ruler was seized and made a prisoner by two of the most powerful Daimios, who assumed the government in the name of the Mikado.

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Statistical and other Books of Reference concerning Japan

1. Official Publications

  1. Report by Mr. Sidney Locock, H. M.’s Secretary of Legation, on the Weights, Measures, and Currency of Japan, dated Yokohama, Jan. 10, 1867; in ‘Reports by H. M.’s Secretaries of Embassy and Legation.’ No. V. 1867. London, 1867.Google Scholar
  2. Commercial Reports from H. M. M.’s Consuls in China and Japan. 1861. 8. London, 1865.Google Scholar
  3. Commercial Reports from H. M.’s Consuls in China and Japan. 1865. 8. London, 1865.Google Scholar
  4. Reports by Mr. Consul Vyse and Mr. Consul Winchester on the Trade of Hakodadi and Kanagawa; in. Consul Winchester on the Trade of Hakodadi and Kanagawa; in ‘Commercial Reports received at the Foreign Office.’ 8. London, 1865.Google Scholar
  5. Reports by Messrs. Fisher, Rice, and Walsh, United States’ Consuls at Kanagawa, Hakodadi, and Nagasaki, on the trade and commerce of Japan; in ‘Annual Report on Foreign Commerce. 8. Washington, 1865.Google Scholar
  6. Annual Statement of the Trade and Navigation of the United Kingdom with Foreign Countries. 4. London, 1868.Google Scholar

2. Non-Official Publications

  1. Aleock (Sir Rutherford), The Capital of the Tycoon; a narrative of a three years’ residence in Japan. 2 vols. 8. London, 1863.Google Scholar
  2. Cornuallis (Kinahan), Two Journeys to Japan, 1856–57. 8. London, 1859.Google Scholar
  3. Fraissinet (Ed.), Le Japon, histoire et description, mœurs, coutumes eτ religion. Nouvelle édition, augmentée de trois chapitres nouveaux, rapports et traités avec les Européens. 2 vols. 12. Paris, 1866.Google Scholar
  4. Heine (W.), Reise um die Erde nach Japan. 8. Leipzig, 1856.Google Scholar
  5. Hildreth (R.), Japan as It Was and Is. 8. London, 1856.Google Scholar
  6. Leupe (P. A.), Reise van Maarten Gerritz-Uries in 1643 naar het Noorden en Oosten van Japan. 8. Amsterdam, 1858.Google Scholar
  7. Lühdorf (J. A.), Acht Monate in Japan. 8. Bremen, 1857.Google Scholar
  8. Osborn (Capt. S.), A Cruise in Japanese Waters. 8. London, 1859.Google Scholar
  9. Pompe de Meerderioort (J. L. C.)—Vijf Jaren-in Japan (1857–63). Bijdragen tot de kennis van het japansche keiserrijk cn zijne Bevolking. 2 vols. 8. Leiden, 1867.Google Scholar
  10. Spiess (Gust.), Die Preussische Expedition nach Ostasien während der Jahre 1860–62. Reise-Skizzen aus Japan, China, Siam und der Indischen Inselwelt. 8. Berlin, 1865.Google Scholar
  11. Titsingh (Isaac), Nipon o Daï Itsi Ran, ou Annales des Empereurs de Japon. Ouvr. corr. sur l’original Japonais-Chinois par M. J. Klaproth. 4. Paris, 1834.Google Scholar
  12. Titsingh (Isaac), Mémoires et Anecdotes sur la Dynastie Régnante des Djogoungs, souverains du Japon. Publié par A. Rémusat. 8. Paris, 1820.Google Scholar
  13. Wüllerstorf-Urbair (Baron ton ). Reise der Oesterreichischen Fregatte Novara um die Erde in den Jahren 1857, 1858, 1859, unter den Befehlen des Commodore B. v. Wiillerstorf-Urbair. Beschreibender Theil von Dr. Karl y. Scherzer. 2 vols. 8. Vienna, 1865.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Palgrave Macmillan, a division of Macmillan Publishers Limited 1869

Authors and Affiliations

  • Frederick Martin

There are no affiliations available

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