• Frederick Martin
Part of the The Statesman’s Yearbook book series (SYBK)


Alexander II., Emperor of Russia, born April 17 (April 29 new style), 1818, the eldest son of Emperor Nicholas I. and of Princess Charlotte of Prussia; educated, under the supervision of his father, by General Moerder, a learned German, and the Russian poet Joukowski; entered the army, 1831; nominated colonel in the regiment of grenadiers, 1835; chancellor of the university of Helsingfors, Finland, 1837; travelled in Germany, 1840–41; superintendent of the military schools of the empire, 1849; appointed to a command in the Caucasian army, 1850. Succeeded to the throne, at the death of his father, February 18 (March 2), 1855; crowned at Moscow, August 20 (September 7), 1856. Married, April 10 (April 28), 1841, to


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Statistical and other Books of Reference concerning Russia

1.Officiai, Pcbijcatioxs

  1. Materials for a Statistik of the Empire of Russia. Published, under the sanction of Iiis Majesty, by the Statistical Department of the Ministry of the Interior (Russian). 8. St. Petersburg, 1863–68.Google Scholar
  2. Memorandum on the Trade between Great Britain and Russia. By T. Micheli, Attaché to II. M.’s Embassy at St. Petersburg. Presented to both Houses of Parliament. London, 1866.Google Scholar
  3. Report by Mr. Lumley, II. M.’s Secretary of Embassy, on the Trade of Russia with Central Asia; dated January, 1862; in ‘Reports of II. M.’s Secretaries of Embassy.’ No. V. London, 1862.Google Scholar
  4. Report by Mr. Lumley, II. M.’s Secretary of Embassy, on the Trade and Manufacture of Cotton in Russia, dated January, 1865; in ‘Reports of II. M.’s Secretaries of Embassy.’ No. VIII. London, 180. 7.Google Scholar
  5. Report by Consul T. Micheli on the Finances of the Russian Empire, dated June, 1867; in ‘Commercial Reports received at the Foreign Office.’ No. IX. 1867. London, 1867.Google Scholar
  6. Report by Mr. Consul Crowe on the Trade and Commerce of the grand-duchy of Finland; in ‘Commercial Reports received at the Foreign Office.’ London, 1865.Google Scholar
  7. Report by Mr. Consul Crowe on tlio Trado of Finland for the year 1861; in ‘Commercial Reports received at the Foreign Offieo.’ London, 1866.Google Scholar
  8. Report by Colonel Stanton on the Trade and Commerce of the kingdom of Poland for the years 1862 and 1863; in ‘Reports received at the Foreign Office.’ London, 1865.Google Scholar
  9. Report by Lieut.-Colonel Mansfield on tho Trado and Commerco of Poland for the year 1864; in ‘Commercial Reports received at tho Foreign Office.’ London, 1866.Google Scholar
  10. Statistical Tables relating to Foreign Countries. Part XI. Fol. London, 1868.Google Scholar

2. Nox-Official Publications

  1. Bär (K. E. von), and Helmcrscn (Gr. von), Beiträge zur Kenntniss des Russischen Reichs. 19 vols. 8. St. Petersburg, 1852–68.Google Scholar
  2. Brix (Prem.-Lieut.), Die K. Russische Armee in ihrem Bestände, ihrer Organisation, Ausrüstung u. Stärke im Kriego u. Frieden am 1. Jan. 1863. 4. Berlin, 1864.Google Scholar
  3. Büschen (A. von), Aperçu statistiquo des forces productives de la Russie. 8. Paris, 1868.Google Scholar
  4. Buschin (A. von), Bevölkerung des Russischen Kaiserreichs in den wichtigsten statistischen Verhältnissen. 8. Gotha, 1862.Google Scholar
  5. Day (Vf m. Ansell), Tho Russian Government in Poland; with a Narrative of the Polish Insurrection of 1863. 8. London, 1867.Google Scholar
  6. Fabricius (A. v.) Zur Geschiehto des Russischen Postwesens. Eine Skizze in Veranlassung des 200jährigen Bestehens desselben. 8. Riga, 1866.Google Scholar
  7. Golovine (Ivan), Etudes et Essais: Richesse de la Russie, Economie privée, Économie hospitalière. 8. Paris, 1864.Google Scholar
  8. Gurowski (De), Russia and its People. 8. London, 1854.Google Scholar
  9. Hagcnmister (Jul. von), Mémoire sur le Commerce des Ports de la Nouvelle Russie. 8. Odessa, 1835.Google Scholar
  10. Haxthausen (A. von), Studien über die innern Zustände, das Volksleben u. s. w. Russlands. 3 vols.,8. Berlin, 1847–52.Google Scholar
  11. Khdnikof (N. de) Etudes sur l’Instruction Publiquo en Russie. 1 partie. Dernières réformes de l’organisation de l’instruction publique, accompagnées d’une carte de la Russie d’Europo divisée en provinces académiques. 8. Paris, 1866.Google Scholar
  12. Koppen (Dr. Peter von), Statistische Reise in Russland. 8. St. Petersburg, 1864.Google Scholar
  13. Künast (Reg -R.), Statistische Mittheilungen über Littauen und Masuren. 3 vols. 8. Gumbinnen. 1863.Google Scholar
  14. Martin (Henri), La Russie d'Europe. 8. Pp. 135. Taris, 1865.Google Scholar
  15. Michie (Alexander), Tho Siberian Overland Routo from ì’ekin to Petersburg, through tho Deserts and Steppes of Mongolia, Tartari-, andc S. London, 1861.Google Scholar
  16. Murray (John), Handbook for Travellers in Russia, Poland, and Finland. 8. Pp. 282. London, 1865.Google Scholar
  17. Pttzholdt (Alex.), Reise im Westlichen und Südlichen Europäischen Russland im J. 1855. 8. Leipzig. 1860.Google Scholar
  18. Porochine (Victor de), Les Ressources Matérielles de la Russie. 8 Paris 1865.Google Scholar
  19. Ravenstein (E. G.), The Russians on the Amur; its Discovery, Conquest, and Colonisation. 8. London, 1861.Google Scholar
  20. Ran (G.), Statiskteckning af Storfurstendömet Finland. 8. Helsinfors 1866.Google Scholar
  21. I’tqoborski (L. de), Etudes sur les Forces Productives de la Russie. 3 vols. 8. Paris, 1852.Google Scholar
  22. Valikhanof(Capt.), and Veniukof (M.) the Russians in Centrai Asia. Translated by J. and R. Micheli. 8.- London. 1865.Google Scholar
  23. Wolfsohn (Dr. Willi.), Russische Revue: Zeitschrift zur Kunde des geistigen Lebens in Russland. Vol. iv. Jahrgang 1865. 8. Leipzig, 1865.Google Scholar
  24. Wcluwsiä (L.), Les Finances de la Russie, réponse à quelquespublicistes russes, avec les documents officiels. 8. Paris, 1861.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Palgrave Macmillan, a division of Macmillan Publishers Limited 1869

Authors and Affiliations

  • Frederick Martin

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