• Frederick Martin
Part of the The Statesman’s Yearbook book series (SYBK)


Alexander II., Emperor of Russia, born April 17 (April 29 new style), 1818, the eldest son of Emperor Nicholas I. and of Princess Charlotte of Prussia; educated, under the supervision of his father, by General Moerder, a learned German, and the Russian poet Joukowski; entered the army, 1831; nominated colonel in the regiment of grenadiers, 1835; chancellor of the university of Helsingfors, Finland, 1837; travelled in Germany, 1810–11; superintendent of the military schools of the empire, 1849; appointed to a command in the Caucasian army, 1850. Succeeded to the throne, at the death of his father, February 18 (March 2), 1855; crowned at Moscow, August 26 (September 7), 1856. Married, April 16 (April 28), 1841, to


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Statistical and other Books of Reference concerning Russia

1. Official Pcbucatioxs

  1. Materials for a Statistik of the Empire of Russia. Published, under the sanction of His Majesty, by the Statistical Department of the Ministry of the Interior (Russian). 8. St. Petersburg, 1863–67.Google Scholar
  2. Memorandum on the Trade between Great Britain and Russia. By T. Michell, Attaché to II. M.’s Embassy at St. Petersburg. Presented to both Houses. of Parliament. London, 1866.Google Scholar
  3. Report by Mr. Lumley, H.M.’s Secretary of Embassy, on the Trade of Russia with Central Asia; dated January, 1862; in ‘Reports of H. M.’s Secretaries of Embassy.’ No. V. London, 1862.Google Scholar
  4. Report by Mr. Lumley, H. M.’s Secretary of Embassy, on the Trade and Manufacture of Cotton in Russia, dated January, 1865; in ‘Reports of II. M.’s Secretaries of Embassy.’ No. VIII. London, 1865.Google Scholar
  5. Report by Mr. Consul T. Micheli on the Finances of the Russian Empire, dated June, 1867; in ‘Commercial Reports received at the Foreign Office.’ No. IX. 1867. London, 1867.Google Scholar
  6. Report by Mr. Consul Crowe on the Trade and Commerce of the grand-duchy of Finland; iu ‘Commercial Reports received at the Foreign Office.’ London, 1865.Google Scholar
  7. Report by Mr. Consul Crowo on the Trado of Finland for tho year 1861; in ‘Commercial Reports received at tho Foreign Office.’ London, 1866.Google Scholar
  8. Report by Colonel Stanton on the Trade and Commerce of the kingdom of Poland for the years 1862 and 1863; in ‘Reports received at the Foreign Office.’ London, 1865.Google Scholar
  9. Report by Lieut.-Colonel Mansfield on tho Trado and Commerco of Poland for tho year 1861; in ‘Commercial Reports received at tho Foreign Office.’ London, 1S66.Google Scholar

2. Nox-Official Publications

  1. Atkinson (T. W.), Travels in the Regions of the Upper and Lower Amoor and the Russian acquisitions on the confines of India and China. 8. London, 1860.Google Scholar
  2. Bär (K. E. von) and Helmersen (Gr. von) Beiträge zur Kenntniss des Russischen Reichs. 17 vols. 8. St. Petersburg, 1852–66.Google Scholar
  3. Brix (Prem.-Lieut.), Die K. Russische Armee in ihrem Bestände, ihrer Organisation, Ausrüstung u. Starke im Kriege u. Frieden am 1. Jan. 1863. 4, Berlin, 1864.Google Scholar
  4. Buschen (A. von) Bevölkerung des Russischen Kaiserreichs in den wichtigsten statistischen Verhältnissen. 8. Gotha, 1862.Google Scholar
  5. Bay (Wm. Aliseli), Tho Russian Government in Poland; with a Narrative of the Polish Insurrection of 1863. 8. London, 1867.Google Scholar
  6. Fabricius (A. v.) Zur Geschichte des Russischen Postwescns. Eino Skizzo in Veranlassung des 200jährigen Bestehens desselben. 8. Riga, 1866.Google Scholar
  7. Golovine (Ivan), Etudes et Essais: Richesse de la Russie, Économie privée, Économie hospitalière. 8. Paris, 1864.Google Scholar
  8. Gurowski (Be) Russia and its People. 8. London, 1854.Google Scholar
  9. Hagcnmeister (Jul. von) Mémoire sur le Commerce des Ports do la Nouvelle Russie. 8. Odessa, 1835.Google Scholar
  10. Haxthausen (A. von) Studien über die innern Zustände, das Volksleben u. s. w. Russlands. 3 vols.,8. Berlin, 1847–52.Google Scholar
  11. Khamkof (N. de) Études sur l’Instruction Publique) en Russie. 1re partio. Dernières réformes do l’organisation do l’instruction publique, accompagnées d’uno carte do la Russie d’Europo diviséo en provinces académiques. 8. Paris, 1866.Google Scholar
  12. Koppen (Dr. Peter von) Statistische Reise in Russland. 8. St. Petersburg, 1864.Google Scholar
  13. Künast (lieg.-It.), Statistische Mittheilungen über Littauen und Masuren. 3 vols. 8. Gumbinnen, 1863.Google Scholar
  14. Mélanges Russes, tirées du bulletin de l’Académie Impériale des Sciences de St. Pétersbourg. 2 vols. 8. St. Petersburg, 1865.Google Scholar
  15. Michie (Alexander), Tho Siberian Overland Routo from Pokin to Petersburg, through tho Deserts and Steppes of Mongolia, Tartary, &c. 8. London, 1864.Google Scholar
  16. Pitzholdt (Alex.), Reise im Westlichen und Siidliehen Europäischen Russland im. J. 1855. 8. Leipzig, 1860.Google Scholar
  17. Porochine (Victor de) Les Ressources Matérielles de la Russie. 8. Paris, 1865.Google Scholar
  18. Ravenstein (E. G.), The Russians on the Amur; its Discovery, Conquest, and Colonisation. 8. London, 1861.Google Scholar
  19. Bein (G.), Statiskteckning af Storfurstendömet Finland. 8. Helsingfors, 1860.Google Scholar
  20. Tegoborski (L. de), Etudes sur les Forces Productives de la Russie. 3 vols. 8. Paris, 1852.Google Scholar
  21. ürquhart (D.), Progress of Russia in tho West, North, and South. 8. London, 1853.Google Scholar
  22. Valikhanof (Capt.), and Veniukof (M.) the Russians in Central Asia. Translated by J. and R. Micheli. 8. London, 1865.Google Scholar
  23. Wolfsohn (Dr. Wilh.), Russische Revue: Zeitschrift zur Kunde des geistigen Lebens in Russland. Vol. iv. Jahrgang 1865. 8. Leipzig, 1865.Google Scholar
  24. Wolowski (L), Les Finances delà Russie, réponse à quelques publicist es russes, avec les documents officiels. 8. Paris, 1864.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Palgrave Macmillan, a division of Macmillan Publishers Limited 1868

Authors and Affiliations

  • Frederick Martin

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