Canada, and British North America

  • Frederick Martin
Part of the The Statesman’s Yearbook book series (SYBK)


The basis of the political constitution of Canada is the Act of 31 Geo. III. cap. 31, passed by the Parliament of Great Britain in 1791. By the terms of it, the old province of Quebec—which then embraced the whole of Canada—was divided into the two Governments of Upper and Lower Canada, with representative institutions for each. The legislative authority was vested in a Legislative Council appointed by the Crown, and in a House of Assembly elected by the inhabitants; the Lower province was under a governor, whilst the Upper was under a lieutenant-governor. This constitution was suspended in consequence of the rebellion in Upper Canada in 1838, and a Special Council appointed. In 1810 the two provinces were reunited—by an Act 3rd & 4th Yic. cap. 35—and the Legislative Councils of the united provinces were consolidated. The new Legislative Council consisted of twenty members, appointed by the governor for life; while the people were represented in a House of Assembly, comprising eighty-four members, returned in equal proportions by the inhabitants of Upper and Lower Canada. A final modification of the constitution, by an Act passed June 14, 1853, comprises the fundamental laws now in force.


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Statistical and other Books of Reference concerning- Canada and British North America

1. Official Pcblicatioxs

  1. Statistical Tables relating to tho Colonial and other Possessions of the United Kingdom. Part X. Fol. London, 1866.Google Scholar
  2. Statistical Abstract for the several Colonial and other Possessions of tho United Kingdom. No. II. 8. London, 1S66.Google Scholar
  3. Correspondence relative to the proposed Union of the British North American Provinces. London, 1865.Google Scholar
  4. Further Correspondence relative to the proposed Union of the British North American Provinces. London, 1866Google Scholar
  5. Letter by Lieut. Colonel Jervois respecting the Defence of Canada. Presented to Parliament. London, 1865.Google Scholar

2. Nox-Official Publications

  1. Canadian Almanac and Repository of Useful Knowledge for 1866. The 10th year of publication. 8. Toronto, 1866.Google Scholar
  2. Faillon (Abbé) Histoire de la Colonie Francaise en Canada. 2 vols. Fol. Montreal, 1865.Google Scholar
  3. Hunt (F. Sterry) Canada: a Geographical, Agricultural, and Mineralogical Sketch. Published by authority of the Bureau of Agriculture, for distribution at the Dublin Exhibition. Toronto, 1865.Google Scholar
  4. Macfic (Matthew) Vancouver Island and British Columbia; their History, Resources, and Prospects. 8. London, 1865.Google Scholar
  5. Bantings (Thomas) The Confederation of the British North American Provinces: their Past History and Future Prospects. 8. London, 1866.Google Scholar
  6. Bvssdl (Wm. Ilcnry) Canada: its Defences, Condition, and Resources. 8. London, 1865.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Palgrave Macmillan, a division of Macmillan Publishers Limited 1867

Authors and Affiliations

  • Frederick Martin

There are no affiliations available

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